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Ccna Notes 2

Ccna Notes 2

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Published by Maheshwar ELango

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Published by: Maheshwar ELango on Aug 23, 2012
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12/13/2012

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(CCNA Certified, CCNP Certified, CCIE Studied)
Arrange and design: Yama (Aman) 2010
 
CCNA
 

 ii 
 Network................................................................................................................................................................... 1
 
System side.......................................................................................................................................................... 1
 
 Network side ....................................................................................................................................................... 1
 CCNA:............................................................................................................................................................1
SOME DEVICES USED OVER NETWORK ...................................................................................................... 1
 1. Repeater:.................................................................................................................................................12. Bridge:.....................................................................................................................................................13. HUB:.......................................................................................................................................................14. Switch (4ports):.......................................................................................................................................15. Router (L3 Device):................................................................................................................................1
 Interneworking models ....................................................................................................................................... 1
 1. OSI (Open System Interconnection).......................................................................................................12. TCP/IP.....................................................................................................................................................23. Cisco 3-layer hierarchical Model............................................................................................................3
 IP Addresses ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
 1. IPv4.........................................................................................................................................................32. IPv6:........................................................................................................................................................3Dual stacking:.................................................................................................................................................3
Subnetting............................................................................................................................................................... 4
 
Converting a decimal IP into binary .................................................................................................................. 4
 
What is “Sub netting”......................................................................................................................................... 4
 
 How to subnet ..................................................................................................................................................... 4
 Subnetting class C...........................................................................................................................................5Notes:..........................................................................................................................................................- 6 -Subnetting class B.......................................................................................................................................- 7 -Subnetting class A.......................................................................................................................................- 7 -Notes...........................................................................................................................................................- 8 -
 Routing...............................................................................................................................................................- 9 -
 
 Routers............................................................................................................................................................- 9 -
 Router configuration...................................................................................................................................- 9 -
 Router & Switch administrative functions....................................................................................................- 10 -
 1. Host name.........................................................................................................................................- 10 -2. Password...........................................................................................................................................- 10 -3. Banners.............................................................................................................................................- 10 -4. Interface description..........................................................................................................................- 10 -
 Routing..........................................................................................................................................................- 11 -
 Static routing.............................................................................................................................................- 12 -Note...........................................................................................................................................................- 13 -Default routing..........................................................................................................................................- 14 -Dynamic routing.......................................................................................................................................- 14 -Protocol Types..........................................................................................................................................- 14 -Protocol Classes........................................................................................................................................- 14 -
Wildcard calculation.....................................................................................................................................- 18 -
 Notes.........................................................................................................................................................- 18 -
Switching..........................................................................................................................................................- 19 -
 
Switch............................................................................................................................................................- 19 -
 VLAN.......................................................................................................................................................- 19 -
VTP (VLAN Trunking Protocol)...................................................................................................................- 20 -
 Trucking....................................................................................................................................................- 21 -
STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)......................................................................................................................- 23 -
 
 
CCNA
 

 iii 
InterVLAN routing...................................................................................................................................- 24 -
 MLS (Multilayer Switching)..........................................................................................................................- 24 -
 
Security.............................................................................................................................................................- 26 -
 
 Access Control List (ACL)............................................................................................................................- 26 -
 
Standard ACL configuration.........................................................................................................................- 26 -
 
 Extended ACL configuration ........................................................................................................................- 27 -
 
 Named ACL configuration............................................................................................................................- 27 -
 
 NATTING.........................................................................................................................................................- 28 -
 
Configuring Static NAT ................................................................................................................................- 28 -
 
Configuring Dynamic NAT...........................................................................................................................- 29 -
 
Configuring Overloading..............................................................................................................................- 30 -
 
 Frame relay......................................................................................................................................................- 32 -
 
 Internal components........................................................................................................................................- 34 -
 
Software portion ...........................................................................................................................................- 34 -
 1. Boot strap..........................................................................................................................................- 34 -2. POST.................................................................................................................................................- 34 -3. ROM monitor....................................................................................................................................- 34 -4. Mini IOS...........................................................................................................................................- 34 -
 Hardware portion.........................................................................................................................................- 34 -
 1. RAM.................................................................................................................................................- 34 -2. ROM.................................................................................................................................................- 34 -3. Flash..................................................................................................................................................- 34 -4. NVRAM............................................................................................................................................- 34 -Boot sequence...........................................................................................................................................- 34 -
VPN (Virtual Private Networks)......................................................................................................................- 35 -
 
VPN types......................................................................................................................................................- 35 -
 
VPN protocols...............................................................................................................................................- 35 -
 
Wireless LAN (WiFi) .......................................................................................................................................- 36 -
 
 Modes............................................................................................................................................................- 36 -
 
Standards......................................................................................................................................................- 36 -
 
Topologies.....................................................................................................................................................- 36 -
 
Configuration................................................................................................................................................- 36 -
 
 Loading IOS on a router..................................................................................................................................- 38 -
 
 How to Copy IOS..........................................................................................................................................- 38 -
 
 How to load IOS ...........................................................................................................................................- 38 -
 
 Note...............................................................................................................................................................- 38 -
 

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