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At the Frontier of Cycling

At the Frontier of Cycling

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Policy Innovations in the Netherlands, Denmark, and
Germany
Policy Innovations in the Netherlands, Denmark, and
Germany

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Published by: Pascal van den Noort on Jan 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/16/2009

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World Transport Policy & Practice__________________________________________________
1 
Volume 13. Number 3. December 2007
World Transport Policy & Practice
 
Volume 13, Number 3
Eco-Logica Ltd.
 
ISSN 1352-7614
At the Frontiers of Cycling:
Policy Innovations in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany
 
World Transport Policy & Practice___________________________________________________Volume 13. Number 3. December 20072
© 2007 Eco-Logica Ltd.Editor
Professor John WhiteleggStockholm Environment Institute at York, Department of Biology, University of York, P.O. Box 373, York, YO105YW, U.K 
Editorial Board
Eric BrittonManaging Director, EcoPlan International, The Centrefor Technology & Systems Studies, 8/10 rue Joseph Bara,F-75006 Paris, FRANCEProfessor John HoweIndependent Transport Consultant, Oxford, U.K Mikel MurgaLeber Planificacion e Ingenieria, S.A., Apartado 79,48930- Las Arenas, Bizkaia, SPAINPaul Tranter School of Physical Environmental & MathematicalSciences, University of New South Wales, AustralianDefence Force Academy, Canberra ACT 2600,AUSTRALIA
Publisher
Eco-Logica Ltd., 53 Derwent Road, Lancaster, LA1 3ES,U.K Telephone: +44 (0)1524 63175E-mail: j.whitelegg@btinternet.comwww.eco-logica.co.uk  _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 
Contents
Editorial
3
 John Whitelegg
Abstracts & Keywords
5
At the frontiers of cycling:Policy innovations in the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany
8
 
 John Pucher & Ralph Buelher 
 
World Transport Policy & Practice
 
Volume 13, Number 3
Eco-Logica Ltd.
 
ISSN 1352-7614
 
World Transport Policy & Practice___________________________________________________Volume 13. Number 3. December 20073
Editorial
This is a special-issue WTPP monographon cycling – particularly on internationalvariations in cycling activity. We havecovered many aspects of cycling in this journal over the past 12 years and willcontinue to do so. The objective here isto make sure that the intelligence virusinfects enough of our senior decision-takers, politicians and bureaucrats toproduce a radical transformation of cycling so that in the majority of urbanareas of the world we can deliver onethird or more of all trips by bike. Thesame point applies to walking trips andto so-called “active-travel” in general. Itis clear to us that many of our muchpublicised transport policy objectivesincluding climate change, health andsocial inclusion will not be achieved untilwe produce seriously high levels of activetravel.The article by John Pucher and RalphBuehler is well timed. It coincides with astrengthening view on every continentthat we just have to get on with seriousgreenhouse gas reductions andsignificant reductions in auto-dependency. Not doing so is no longer anoption. The urgency of climate changemitigation (i.e. reducing greenhousegases) was made clear at the Baliconference in December 2007 and in thewelcome adoption of Kyoto targets bythe new Australian government on 3
rd
 December 2007. What is also clear isthat transport must now step forwardand play a full proportionate role inreducing greenhouse gas emissions. If this means reducing emissions on a 1990base by 30% by 2020 and 60% by 2050then so be it. This can be done and theonly thing working against success is thebusiness-as-usual mindset and perverseideas about regeneration and theeconomy.Cycling is crucial to achieving climatechange objectives and can also help tosort out the so-called obesity epidemic. Itcan transform our urban wasteland andtraffic sewers into healthy, liveable,pleasant and quiet communities thatvalue people and places and do not buyinto the idea that thousands of vehiclesrushing around an urban highwayrepresents progress or civilisation.There are, of course, many problems tobe overcome and these are wellillustrated by the progress of theLancaster Cycling Demonstration TownProject (CDT) in the north of England(see Note 1).The Lancaster CDT has a target to doublecycling levels and has pursued anambitious policy containing the followingelements:
 
New cycling infrastructure bothon road and off road
 
Projects to encourage cycle useon the part of school children andcycling infrastructure at schools
 
Projects to use workplace travelplans to encourage cycle use forthe journey to workMore detail can be found onhttp://www.celebratingcycling.org/The Lancaster CDT is currently notmaking much impact on cycling levels inthe city (see Note 2). This isdisappointing and frustrating though isnot related to the amount of local effortand enthusiasm devoted to the project.

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