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Rr221803 Fuels Furnaces and Refractories

Rr221803 Fuels Furnaces and Refractories

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Published by Srinivasa Rao G

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Published by: Srinivasa Rao G on Jan 18, 2008
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12/23/2012

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Code No: RR221803
Set No. 1
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007FUELS FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES(Metallurgy & Material Technology)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Explain the Insitu theory of origin and formation of coals.(b) Give the calorific value of various types of coals and indicate their respectiveuses. [8+8]2. (a) With the aid of a neat sketch explain the fractional distillation of crude oil.(b) Explain what you mean by catalytic cracking. [10+6]3. (a) Explain the concept of Black body.(b) Discuss about emisssivity of materials. [8+8]4. Explain the following:(a) Reynolds Number(b) Nusselts Number(c) Log mean temperature dierence. [5+5+6]5. (a) Discuss the importance of waste heat recovery in Metallurgical furnaces.(b) Explain in detail the characteristic features of Arc furnaces. [8+8]6. (a) Explain how a thermoelectric pyrometer can be used to maintain the temper-ature in a furnace.(b) Explain the various methods of measuring e.m.f. [8+8]7. (a) Classify various pyrometers.(b) Explain how temperature is measured with a resistance pyrometer.(c) Discuss how cold junction in thermocouples can be achieved. [4+6+6]8. (a) Explain what are the important properties that are required for a refractorymaterial.(b) Explain how refractoriness under load is determined. [8+8]
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Code No: RR221803
Set No. 2
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007FUELS FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES(Metallurgy & Material Technology)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) How do you classify fuels?(b) What is meant by pulverized fuel? What are the advantages and disadvantagesof using pulverized fuels in furnaces? [4+12]2. With the aid of a flow chart and sketch of a distillation plant, explain how fuel oilis obtained from crude oil in refineries. Write the various reactions in this process.[16]3. (a) Derive an expression for conduction of heat through the walls of a hollowcylinder under steady state conduction.(b) Explain the effect of variable thermal conductivity in composite walls. [9+7]4. Explain the following:(a) Reynolds Number(b) Nusselts Number(c) Log mean temperature dierence. [5+5+6]5. (a) Describe the characteristic features of open hearth furnace with a neat dia-gram.(b) Explain how an electric resistance tubular furnace works. [8+8]6. (a) What is a thermopile? How this can be utilized in measuring temperature?(b) Discuss various methods of cold junction correction in case of thermo electricpyrometers. [6+10]7. (a) Explain Planks distributive law.(b) Explain the Principle and operation of an optical pyrometer. What are itsuses. [6+10]8. What are the tests that are performed on refractories to ascertain quality? Explainany three tests. [16]
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Code No: RR221803
Set No. 3
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007FUELS FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES(Metallurgy & Material Technology)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain the Insitu theory of origin and formation of coals.(b) Give the calorific value of various types of coals and indicate their respectiveuses. [8+8]2. (a) What is Blast furnace gas? What is its composition and uses.(b) What is composition, properties and uses of coke oven gas. [8+8]3. What is Stefan Boltzman law? How is it used for heat transfer by radiation?[16]4. Explain the following:(a) Reynolds Number(b) Nusselts Number(c) Log mean temperature dierence. [5+5+6]5. (a) Describe the characteristic features of open hearth furnace with a neat dia-gram.(b) Explain how an electric resistance tubular furnace works. [8+8]6. (a) Explain peltier and Thomson effects.(b) Give the composition and uses of various thermocouple materials(c) What is a thermopile. [7+7+2]7. (a) Explain the Principle and working of a total radiation pyrometer.(b) What are the disadvantages of radiation pyrometers over thermo electric py-rometers. [8+8]8. Explain the manufacture of Magnegite refractories by any two methods. [16]
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