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r05220103 Strength of Materials II

r05220103 Strength of Materials II

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Published by: Srinivasa Rao G on Jan 18, 2008
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Code No: R05220103
Set No. 1
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-II(Civil Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) What do you understand by “principal planes” and “principal stresses”?(b) Using Mohr’s circle of stresses find the magnitude of principal stresses and thelocation of principal planes in the case of normal stresses of 50MPa (tensile)and 25MPa (compressive) acting on mutually perpendicular planes havingshearing stress of 20MPa. Find also the magnitude and direction of maxshear stress. [6+10]2. 3000 H.P. has to be transmitted at 60 R.P.M. If the safe allowable shear stress is100
N/mm
2
find the necessary dia. of a solid shaft. If a hollow section is used withits internal dia, =
3
/
4
of the external dia. find the saving in weight per metr length.Density of material = 90
kN/m
3
. [16]3. An R.S.Tee-section, 150mm wide
×
75mm deep, thickness of flange 9mm, thicknessof web 8.4mm, is used as a strut, 3 metre 4 long, ends hinged.Calculate the safeaxial load by Rankine?s formula, using a factor of safety of 3. Rankines constants,
fc
= 315
N/mm
2
; a = 1/ 7500. [16]4. A horizontal strut 3m long is of-hollow circular section 16cm external dia. Andinternal dia. 14cm. It carries an end thrust of 300kN along with a u.d.l of 5kN/m.Assuming the ends as hinged and taking the self weight also into account, calculatethe max. stress induced in the section (
Density
= 78
.
5
kN/m
3
). [16]5. A short hollow cylindrical C.I. Column is 240 mm external and 180 mm internaldiameter. In casting, the bore got eccentric so that the thickness varies from 20mmat one end to 40 mm at the other. If the column carries a load of 600 KN along theaxis of the bore, calculate the extreme intensities of stress induced in the section.[16]6. A timber joist, 100 mm wide and 200 mm deep, is freely supported over a span of 4meters. It is subjected to a bending moment of 30,000 cm kg at the central section,the trace OY’ of the plane of loading being inclined at 30
0
to the principal axisOY. Locate the neutral axis and calculate the maximum bending stress induced.If the bending moment is due to a total load of 600 kg uniformly distributed overthe whole span calculate the deflection. Take
= 10
5
kg/cm
2
. [16]7. (a) Where do you use beams curved in plan?(b) A circular beam is loaded uniformly and supported an symmetrically placedColumns. If W is the load per unit length, R, the radius, derive expressions forS.F B.M and tossional moment at a point P, at an angle
φ
from one support.[4+12]1 of 2
 
Code No: R05220103
Set No. 1
8. (a) Illustrate the types of trusses with the help of sketches.(b) Find the forces in all the members of the cantilever truss loaded as shown ingure 8b. by the method of sections. [6+10]Figure 8b
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2
 
Code No: R05220103
Set No. 2
II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-II(Civil Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. Using(a) max. shear strain energy theory and(b) max. strain theory find the magnitude of minor principal stress in a steelmember,if at a point the major principal stress is 20
N/mm
2
(tensile) and the minorprincipal stress is compressive. Take Poisson’s ratio = 1/3. [4+12]2. Find the percentage saving in material if a hollow shaft of the same material is toreplace a solid shaft transmitting the same torque the internal dia =
3
/
4
of externaldia. [16]3. An R.S.Tee-section, 150mm wide
×
75mm deep, thickness of flange 9mm, thicknessof web 8.4mm, is used as a strut, 3 metre 4 long, ends hinged.Calculate the safeaxial load by Rankine?s formula, using a factor of safety of 3. Rankines constants,
fc
= 315
N/mm
2
; a = 1/ 7500. [16]4. (a) What do you understand by “Beam-columns”?(b) A horizontal strut of length L, having hinged ends, carries an axial compres-sive load P, and central vertical load W. Derive expression for max values of deection, B.M. and stress. [4+12]5. A short hollow cylindrical C.I. Column is 240 mm external and 180 mm internaldiameter. In casting, the bore got eccentric so that the thickness varies from 20mmat one end to 40 mm at the other. If the column carries a load of 600 KN along theaxis of the bore, calculate the extreme intensities of stress induced in the section.[16]6. Figure6. Shows the section of a 80 mm
×
60 mm
×
10 angle. ‘O’ is the centroidof the section and Ixx = 79.352
×
10
4
mm
4
; and Iyy = 37.92
×
10
4
mm
4
. Find(a) The product of inertia about the axes XX and YY;(b) The directions of the principal axes;(c) The moments about the principal axes.If the angle section is used as a freely supported beam on a span of 1 m with the 80mm leg vertical, find the maximum bending stress and the magnitude and direction1 of 2

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