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Code No: RR211001
Set No. 1
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-MedicalEngineering and Electronics & Control Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) Enumerate the various losses and their remedy to minimize them in a D.C.Machine.(b) How do hysteresis, eddy current, friction and windage losses depend upon thespeed of a D.C. Machine? Explain.(c) A 200V D.C. Shunt machine has armature and ﬁeld resistances 0
.
2Ω and 200Ωrespectively. The line current is 40A.Findi. output as generatorii. input as motoriii. power developed in armature andiv. copper losses in both the cases. [6+5+5]2. (a) From the ﬁrst principles, derive an equation for torque developed in a D.C.Motor.(b) A 20kw, 250V d.c. shunt generator has armature and ﬁeld resistances of 0
.
04Ωand 200Ω respectively. Determine the total armature power developed whenworking.i. as generator delivering 20kw output andii. as a motor taking 20kw input. [8+8]3. (a) Draw the equivalent circuit of a transformer and show how the constantsof primary and secondary windings may be combined to give a simpliﬁedequivalent circuit with the values of constants given in terms of secondarywinding.(b) Explain the constructional details of 1-Phase transformer. [8+8]4. (a) Obtain an expression for the regulation of a single-phase transformer from itsequivalent circuit / phasor diagram.(b) A 20 kVA, 2500 / 250 volts, 50 Hz, 1-phase transformer gave the followingtest results:O.C. test(L.V. side): 250 V 1.4 A 105 WS.C. test (H.V. side): 104 V 8 A 320 WCompute the parameters of the approximate equivalent circuit referred toL.V. [6+10]1 of 2

Code No: RR211001
Set No. 1
5. (a) Derive the condition for maximum torque at starting of a 3-phase inductionmotor.(b) A 100 kW, 3-phase, 420 V, 6-pole, 50 Hz wound rotor induction motor, with itsrotor winding short circuited, has a full-load slip of 0.04 and the slip at max-imum torque of 0.2 when operating at rated voltage and frequency. Neglectstator resistance and rotational losses. Findi. maximum torqueii. starting torque andiii. full-load rotor ohmic lossThe rotor resistance is now doubled by adding external series resistance.Determineiv. slip at full-load outputv. full-load torquevi. slip at maximum torque. [6+10]6. (a) Derive e.m.f equation for an alternator and explain distribution factor andpitch factor used in e.m.f. Equation.(b) Write the expression showing the relationship between speed frequency andno. of poles of a synchronous machine. The speed of rotation of the turbinedriving an alternator is 166.7 r.p.m. What should be the no. of poles of thealternator if it is to generate voltage 50HZ. [10+6]7. (a) Explain why a synchronous motor doesn’t have self-starting torque. Explainone method of starting a synchronous motor.(b) A 3phase, 3300v, star connected synchronous motor has a synchronous re-actance of 5ohm per phase. The input to the motor is 1000kw at a normalvoltage and the induced line e.m.f is 4000v.Calculate the line current. Neglectarmature resistance. [8+8]8. (a) What is a stepper motor? Enumerate its advantages and applications.(b) With neat sketch, explain the working principle of shaded-pole single-phaseinduction motor. [8+8]
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2 of 2

Code No: RR211001
Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY( Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-MedicalEngineering and Electronics & Control Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain how a.c. voltage generated is converted to D.C. voltage in a generator?(b) What is the main purpose of laminating the armature core of a D.C. Generator.(c) A 4-pole, long shunt, lap wound generator supplies 25kw at a terminal voltageof 500 V. The armature resistance is 0
.
03Ω, series ﬁeld resistance is 0
.
04Ω andshunt ﬁeld resistance is 200Ω. The brush drop may be taken as 1 V. Determinethe e m f generated. [5+3+8]2. (a) Explain the various methods of speed control of a D.C. Shunt Motor.(b) A 460V d.c. series motor runs at 1000rpm taking a current of 40A. Calculatethe speed and percentage change in torque if the load is reduced so that themotor is taking 30A. Total resistance of the armature and ﬁeld circuits is 0
.
8Ω.Assume ux is proportional to the eld current. [8+8]3. (a) Explain the principle of operation of transformer. Derive its e. m. f. equation.(b) A 1-phase transformer has 180 turns respectively in its secondary and primarywindings. The respective resistances are 0
.
233Ω and 0
.
067Ω.Calculate the equivalent resistance of i. the primary in terms of the secondary winding,ii. the secondary in terms of the primary winding, andiii. the total resistance of the transformer in terms of the primary. [8+8]4. (a) Obtain the equivalent circuit of a single-phase transformer. Explain how toevaluate the equivalent circuit of a transformer from open circuit & shortcircuit tests. [4+6](b) A 5 kVA, 220 / 110 volts, 1-phase transformer has a maximum eﬃciency of 96.97% at 0.8 p.f. lagging. It has a core loss of 50 watts and the full loadregulation at 0.8 p.f. lagging is 5%. Find the eﬃciency and regulation at fullload 0.9 p.f. lagging. [6]5. (a) Sketch torque-speed characteristics of an induction motor working at ratedvoltage and frequency, deriving necessary expressions.(b) A 3-phase, 50 Hz, 400 V, wound-rotor induction motor runs at 960 r.p.m.at full-load. The rotor resistance and standstill reactance per phase are0
.
2Ω
and
1Ω respectively. If a resistance of 1
.
8Ω is added to each phase of the rotor at standstill, what would be the ratio of starting torque with fullvoltage and the added resistance to the full-load torque under normal runningconditions? [8+8]1 of 2
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