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r05310204 Electrical Machines III

# r05310204 Electrical Machines III

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09/12/2008

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Code No: R05310204
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) What is short pitch winding & distributed winding? Why the armature wind-ing is distributed & short pitch type?(b) Calculate the EMF of a 4 pole, 3-Φ, star connected alternator running at 1500r.p.m from the following data: Flux per pole = 0.1 wb, Total number of slots= 48, Conductors per slot (in two layers) = 4, coil span = 150
o
. [8+8]2. (a) Explain the load characteristics of an alternator.(b) The phase EMF of a 3-Φ alternator consist of fundamental, 20 % 3
rd
harmonic& 10 % ﬁfth harmonic. The amplitude of fundamental is 1000 V. Calculatethe RMS value of line & phase voltage, when the alternator is connected ini. Starii. Delta. [8+8]3. (a) Explain the voltage regulation method of an alternator by which the armaturereaction & leakage reactance can be separated.(b) A 3-Φ, star connected salient pole synchronous generator is driven at a speednear synchronous with the ﬁeld circuit open and the stator is supplied froma balanced 3-Φ supply. Voltmeter connected across the line gave minimumand maximum readings of 1196 V & 1217 Volts. The line current ﬂuctuatedbetween 120 & 225 Amp. Find the direct and quadrature axis reactances perphase. Neglect armature resistances. [8+8]4. (a) Explain the ‘two bright one dark’ & ‘all dark’ method of synchronization of alternators.(b) The EMFs of two alternators are 3000
20
0
&2900
0
0
V. Their synchronousimpedances are 2 + j20 Ω/ph & 2.5 + j30 Ω/ph. The load impedance is 10 + j4 /ph. Find the circulating current. [8+8]5. (a) Explain the construction & working principle of Synchronous motor.(b) A 3- Φ, 400 V star connected SM has eﬀective per phase armature resistance& synchronous reactance of 0.2 Ω & 2 Ω respectively. It takes 20 A to delivera certain load. Calculate the excitation EMF induced in the motor if it workswithi. 0.8 pf laggingii. 0.8 pf leading1 of 2

Code No: R05310204
Set No. 1
iii. UPF. [8+8]6. (a) Explain the construction of ‘
excitationcircle
’ for a synchronous motor.(b) Calculate the synchronous coeﬃcient (in kW & Nm per mechanical degree) atfull load for a 1 MVA, 0.8 pf lagging, 6.6 kV, 8 pole, star connected generatorof negligible resistance & synchronous reactance of 0.8 pu. [8+8]7. (a) Explain the operation of ‘
split phase single phase Induction motor
’ withvector diagram.(b) Explain how the direction of a single phase Induction motor cab be reversed.[8+8]8. (a) Compare AC series motor & Universal motor.(b) Compare variable reluctance stepper motor & permanent magnet stepper mo-tor. [8+8]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2

Code No: R05310204
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007ELECTRICAL MACHINES-III(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain the various winding factors? Explain the eﬀects of each of them.(b) Determine the slot distribution and the pole phase group sequence for a 45slot, 6 pole, 3-Φ winding. [6+10]2. (a) Explain the eﬀect of armature reaction on the EMF induced. Is it possible toobtain load voltage more than EMF induced? if yes, how?(b) A 200 kVA, 480 V, 50 Hz, star connected synchronous generator with a ratedﬁeld current of 5A was tested and the following data were obtained:OC test: 540 V between lines on open circuit.SC test: 300 A.When a DC voltage of 10 V was applied to two of its terminals, a current of 25 A was measured, ﬁnd the value of synchronous impedance, synchronousreactance voltage regulation of 0.6 p.f leading. [8+8]3. (a) How the MMF method is diﬀerent from EMF method in ﬁnding voltage reg-ulation of an alternator? Explain the drawbacks of each method.(b) A 1 MVA, 11 kV, 3-Φ, star connected synchronous machine has following OCCtest data: [6+10]
50 110 140 180
OL
-kV 7 12.5 13.75 15(where E
OL
is the line voltage at no load)The short circuit test yielded full load current at a ﬁeld current of 60 A. TheZPF yielded a full load current at terminal voltage for a ﬁeld current of 150A. The armature resistance is negligible. Calculate the voltage regulation atfull load 0.866 pf lagging by Potier triangle method.4. (a) Explain the ‘two bright one dark’ & ‘all dark’ method of synchronization of alternators.(b) The EMFs of two alternators are 3000
20
0
&2900
0
0
V. Their synchronousimpedances are 2 + j20 Ω/ph & 2.5 + j30 Ω/ph. The load impedance is 10 + j4 /ph. Find the circulating current. [8+8]5. A 20 pole, 30 kW, 660 V, 50 Hz, star connected synchronous motor is operatingwith it’s per phase generated voltage exactly equal to the phase voltage appliedto armature. At loaded condition the motor is retarded by 5
o
mechanical from itssynchronous position. Per phase synchronous reactance & the eﬀective armatureresistance are 10 Ω & 1 Ω respectively. Calculate:1 of 2