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r05310104 Water Resources Engineering

# r05310104 Water Resources Engineering

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11/20/2012

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Code No: R05310104
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING(Civil Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Hydrology is a highly inter-disciplinary science, Justify. List out various prac-tical applications of Hydrology.(b) A basin has the area in the form of a pentagon with each side of length 20 Km.The ﬁve raingauges located at the corners A, B, C, D and E have recorded60, 81, 73, 59 and 45 mm of rainfall respectively. Compute average depth of rainfall over the basin using arithmetic mean and Theissen polygon methods.[8+8]2. (a) Discuss the various factors aﬀecting evapotranspiration.(b) Cumulative rainfall during a storm are :Time(h) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8Rainfall (mm) 0 7 16 22 32 40 52 68 70[8+8]Assume an initial abstraction loss of 10 mm and a constant inﬁltration lossrate of 5.0 mm/h. Calculate the storm runovolume from the catchment of 122 sq. km.3. (a) Describe how unit hydrograph can be used to predict the runoﬀ from a storm.What are the uses of unit hydrograph.(b) The ordinates of a 4-h UH are given below. If there is a 4 cm eﬀective rainfalloccurring uniformly for 4-h, calculate the DRH resulting from the storm. [8+8]Time (h) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 244 h UH ordinate (m
3
/sec) 0 9 24 50 66 72 65 53 28 20 11 6 04. (a) Describe the method of estimating a
r
-year ﬂood using Gumbel’s distribution.(b) The mean of the annual maximum ﬂoods at a gauging station with 40 yearsof records is 1300 cumec and the variance is 1620 cumec. Estimate the mag-nmitude of the 100-year ﬂood.(Hint : variance = square of standard deviation,
σ
2
). [8+8]5. (a) Distinguish betweeni. Aquifers and aquicludesii. Non-artesian and artesian wellsiii. Perched aquifers and water table aquiﬁeriv. Permeability and transmissibility.(b) A tube well of 30m diameter penetrates fully in an artesian aquifer. Thestrainer length is 15 m. Calculate the yield from the well under a drawdown1 of 2

Code No: R05310104
Set No. 1
of 3 m. The aquifer consists of sand of eﬀective size of 0.2 mm having coeﬃcientof permeability equal to 50 m/day. Assume radius of inﬂuence is equal to 150meters. [8+8]6. Explain various advantages and disadvantages of drip irrigation over ﬂood irrigationmethods. [16]7. (a) What is meant by duty and delta of canal water. Derive a relation betweenduty and delta for a given base period.(b) Find the delta for sugarcane when its duty is 730 hecatares/cumecs on theeld and the base period of the crop is being 110 days. [8+8]8. Design a channel section by Kennedy’s theory given the following data:Discharge Q=2828cumecsKutter’s N=0.0225Critical velocity ratio ‘m’ =1Side slope =
12
: 1B/D = 7.6Find also the bed slope of the channel. [16]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2

Code No: R05310104
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING(Civil Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) What are the basic data required for hydrological studies. Name the agenciesfrom which the data can be obtained.(b) The hyetograph of a storm of 6hr duration is constructed with varying timeintervals at 20 minutes intervals for the ﬁrst one hour, at 40 minutes intervalfor the next two hours and at one hour interval for the last three hours. Thesuccessive ordinates of the hyetograph in mm/hr are 66, 75, 54, 48, 69, 51, 38,47 and 25. Determine the total rainfall depth produced by the storm. [8+8]2. (a) What are the various components of runoﬀ. Describe how each component isderived in the runoﬀ process.(b) How is runoﬀ estimated using Strange’s tables and Barlow’s tables [8+8]3. (a) State the signiﬁcance of inﬂection point on recession side of the hydrograph.Also explain the diﬀerent factors that eﬀect the shape of the hydrograph.(b) A watershed of 3130 sq. km was subjected to a storm of 4 hr duration fromwhich the following are recorded.Time (h) 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 3 6 9 12 15 18 21Discharge 20 16 175 270 230 200 170 150 130 115 100 90 80 70 60(cumecs)Obtain an UH for the watershed.4. (a) Give three empirical formulae that are commonly used to estimate the designﬂood. Also specify the regions in India where they are applied and range of co-eﬃcient values in the equations.(b) From the analysis of available data on annual ﬂood peaks of a small streamfor a period of 35 years, the 50 year and 100 year ﬂood have been estimatedto be 660
m
3
/sec and 740 m
3
/sec; using Gumbles method, estimate 200 yearﬂood for the streamTake
σ
n
= 1.12847,
y
n
= 0.54034. [8+8]5. (a) List out the assumptions followed in the derivation of Thiem’s equation(b) Design a tube well for the following data:Yield required = 0.2cumecThickness of conﬁned aquifer=40mRadius of circle of inﬂuence = 300mPermeability coeﬃcient=80m/dayDraw down=6m [8+8]1 of 2