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Rr310803 Heat Transfer

# Rr310803 Heat Transfer

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05/24/2012

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Code No: RR310803
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007HEAT TRANSFER(Chemical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆
1. A pipe with 150mm outer diameter is lagged with two layers insulation each of equal thickness 50mm the k of one of the insulating materials is ﬁve times thatof other. What will be the ratio of heat loss when the better insulating materialforms the outer layer to that when the better insulating material is placed nextto the pipe? Assume the inner and outer surface temperatures of the compositeinsulation are xed. [16]2. An exterior wall of a house has 0.1 m layer of common brick (k=0.7 w/
m
o
c
) followedby 0.038 m layer of gypsum plaster (k=0.48 w/
m
o
c
). What thickness of looselypacked rock
wool insulation (k=0.0675 w/
m
o
c
) should be added to reduce theheat loss (gain) through the wall by 80% ? [16]3. (a) How the local and average convection coeﬃcients for ﬂow past a ﬂat plate arerelated? Derive the relationship. [8](b) Water at 75
0
ﬂows through a 0.005 m diameter tube with a velocity of 1m/s.If the tube wall temperature is 25
0
, make calculations for the heat transfercoeﬃcient. Use the correlation,St = 0.023
Re
0
.
2
Pr
0
.
667
.The thermo-physical properties of water are:Thermal conductivity is 0.647 W/(m.K) Viscosity is 1.977 kg/h.mDensity is 1000 kg/
m
3
Speciﬁc heat 4.187 kJ/(kg.K)[8]4. (a) Determine the hydraulic radius for the following cross sections:i. Circular tube of diameter Dii. Square tube of dimensions s
×
s. [4+4](b) Estimate the heat transfer from a 40 W incandescent bulb at 125
0
to 25
0
in quiescent air. Approximate the bulb as a 0.05 m diameter sphere. Whatpercentage of the power is lost by free convection? The appropriate correlationfor the free convection coeﬃcient is Nu=0.60(
GrPr
)
0
.
25
where the diﬀerentparameters are evaluated at the mean ﬁlm temperature and the characteristiclength is diameter of the sphere. The properties at mean temperature areThermal conductivity is 0.03 W/(m.K)Kinematic viscosity is 20.55
×
10
6
m
2
/sPr = 0.693. [8]5. (a) Write a short notes on condensation of superheated vapors. [8](b) Explain the eﬀect of non-condensable gases on rate of condensation. [8]1 of 2

Code No: RR310803
Set No. 1
6. (a) A surface, upon which radiant energy of intensity 600 W/
m
2
strikes, absorbs400 W/
m
2
, transmits 50 W/
m
2
and reﬂects the remainder. Compute thevalues for the absorptivity, reectivity and transmissivity. [8](b) 1500 W/
m
2
energy strikes a gray surface where 1000 W/
m
2
are reﬂectedand 300 are transmitted through the surface of the material. Compute theabsorptivity of the material. [8]7. (a) Derive the relationship between eﬀectiveness and number of transfer units fora parallel ow heat exchanger. [8](b) Determine the heat transfer area required for a heat exchanger constructedfrom a 2 cm OD tube to cool 26,000 kg/hr of an alcohol solution (
p
=3.81kJ/kgK) from 90 to 50
o
, using
2
O
which enters at 20
o
and leaves at 40
o
and for the following arrangements: [4]i. co current shell and tubeii. counter current shell and tube heat exchanger, alcohol in shell and
2
O
through the tubes. (Assume correction factor for LMTD = 0.95). Assumethat the overall heat transfer coeﬃcient based on the outer tube area is830 kJ/hr
m
2
. [4]8. (a) Discuss the salient features of multiple eect evaporators. [8](b) Explain the various feeding methods employed in evaporators. [8]
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆
2 of 2

Code No: RR310803
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, November 2007HEAT TRANSFER(Chemical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆
1. A 15mm dia steel sphere ,k = 42W/m
0
C, is exposed to cooling airﬂow at 20
0
Cresulting in the convective coeﬃcient h = 120 W/m2.C. Determine(a) Time required to cool the sphere from 550 to 90
0
C(b) Instantaneous H T rate 2 min. after the start of the cooling(c) Total energy transferred from the sphere during the ﬁrst 2 min.Data: Density = 7850 kg/m
3
, C
p
= 475 J/kg
0
C and
α
=0.045 m
2
/h [5+5+6]2. The outside and inside surface temperatures of a 20cm outer diameter and 18cminner diameter pipe (k=40W/mK) are 400
o
and 460
o
respectively. Calculatethe reduction in heat loss if a 5cm layer of insulation (k=0.06 W/mK) is put on thepipe. Assume that the inner and outer surface temperature of insulation is 390
o
and 140
o
. What is the inside surface temperature of this pipe in this case? [16]3. A vertical wall 1 m height is under convection with surrounding air. The tempera-ture of the surface of the wall is maintained at 100
0
and air is under atmosphericconditions with a temperature of 20
0
. Calculate the heat loss per unit widthon both sides of the wall neglecting the heat transfer by radiation. The physicalproperties of air are:Prandtl number is 0.69Thermal conductivity is 0.034 W/(m.K)Viscosity is 0.0232 cpDensity is 0.870 kg/
m
3
.The correlation for natural convection heat transfer in usual notation is:Nu=0
.
59(
Gr.Pr
)
0
.
25
. [16]4. (a) Determine the hydraulic radius for the following cross sections:i. Circular tube of diameter Dii. Square tube of dimensions s
×
s. [4+4](b) Estimate the heat transfer from a 40 W incandescent bulb at 125
0
to 25
0
in quiescent air. Approximate the bulb as a 0.05 m diameter sphere. Whatpercentage of the power is lost by free convection? The appropriate correlationfor the free convection coeﬃcient is Nu=0.60(
GrPr
)
0
.
25
where the diﬀerentparameters are evaluated at the mean ﬁlm temperature and the characteristiclength is diameter of the sphere. The properties at mean temperature areThermal conductivity is 0.03 W/(m.K)Kinematic viscosity is 20.55
×
10
6
m
2
/sPr = 0.693. [8]1 of 2