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Workers World weekly newspaper
Workers World weekly newspaper

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j 2, 2011 Vol. 53, o. 21 50¢
– Detrás de las protestas
OBAMA’S SPEECH and Palestine
and Libya
LA AMECA & U.S. repression
Suscre to Worers Wor
4 weeks trial $4 1 year subscription $25ign me up for the WW Supporter Program.For more information: workers.org/supporters/
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By Ben Carroll
Drawing inspiration from the ghting spirit anddetermination of Tahrir Square and the peoples of Egypt, Tunisia and the Middle East, the peoples of Spain took the struggle against capitalist auster-ity, mass unemployment and the conditions of theeconomic crisis to a new level this past week.Demonstrations and occupations of city plazaserupted across the Spanish state beginning on May 15 and, as of May 23, show no signs of faltering.On May 15, a week before regional and localelections were to take place, protests started up incities throughout the country against the govern-ment’s austerity program and mass unemploy-ment, as well as to demand a number of demo-cratic reforms of the political system.The ofcially reported unemployment rate sitsat a staggering 21.3 percent, the highest in Eu-rope. For young people, the statistics are even worse, as 45 percent of people aged 18 to 25 areunemployed. The situation for youth is so direthat they are referred to as the “youth without afuture” or “the lost generation.” Many have begunreferring to themselves as “los indignados” (those who are “fed up”).Tens of thousands were in the streets that day.Following the demonstration in Madrid, youngpeople and workers took over and began anaround-the-clock occupation of the centralplaza there, the Puerta del Sol. This bold actioninspired numerous other occupations of plazasin major cities throughout the country; peopledemonstrated in more than 166 cities duringthe week. At least 10 occupations of city squares were also being reported in Italy, and there wasa protest outside the Spanish Embassy in SantoDomingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic. While the capitalist-owned press has heavily focused on the role of social media in these dem-onstrations — and it is undeniable that those siteshave been an important tool among many used by organizers — it is the objective conditions of the capitalist crisis, the austerity measures andanger over the bank bailouts that have drivenmasses of young people and workers into thestreets throughout the Spanish state, from Galiciato the Basque Country to Catalonia, as well as inthe capital city.“I’m here against the system, against every-thing, the banks, the government, the PopularParty, unemployment. You name it. Nothing works,” journalism student Sabina Ortega toldthe Christian Science Monitor (May 20). “It’sagainst a two-party system. And my goal is to feelrepresented. I want politicians to know they arenot listening. I’ll stay here as long as I have to.”Despite a ban imposed on the occupations by the Spanish government on May 20, two daysahead of the scheduled elections, tens of thou-sands of people in Puerta del Sol and elsewherearound the country deed these orders and con-
Continued on page 11
When workers can’t take it any more
• Jobs: the real issue• Strikes in California• Auto-Lite strike, 1934• Anti-worker laws in Wisconsin
See centerfold
Pht:  Rl, AFt lcAl 212
Protest at Wisconsin State Capitol, May 14.
Blaming capitalism
Mass youth revolt shakes Spain
ahrir Square comes to Madrid
Early Black socialist
BOO EvEW 2
Fh FB SS
 Byc
of anti-immigrant law
EDOAL  10
Page 2 June 2, 2011 workers.org
n the U.S.
Bringing out o obscurity an infuential Black leader.........2FBI steps up anti-communist witch-hunt....................3YC orum builds resistance to state repression.............3Free the Fort Dix 5!’ ........................................3Georgia boycott campaign gathers momentum ............4Bronx workers, community ght to save postal obs...........4Indigenous occupy shellmound to thwart bulldozers .......4A new place or L.A. youth..................................5Workers not buying lies about budget......................6On the picket line ..........................................6More anti-worker laws stoke anger in Wisconsin ............7 Toledo Auto-lite strike, part 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Around the world
Mass youth revolt shakes Spain.............................1A look at Obamas statement on Palestine-Israel.............8Protest hits Israeli occupation...............................8Obamas Middle ast pro-war speech .......................9japanese workers resist repression .........................9.S. pushes repression in Latin America....................10Manuel Zelaya to return to Honduras ......................11
IMF & DSK.................................................10
oticias En Español
Siria Dets de las protestas..............................12
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 Workers World55 West 17 StreetNew York, N.Y. 10011Phone: (212) 627-2994E-mail: ww@workers.org Web: www.workers.org Vol. 53, No. 21 • June 2, 2011Closing date: May 24, 2011Editor: Deirdre GriswoldTechnical Editor: Lal Roohk Managing Editors: John Catalinotto, LeiLani Dowell,Leslie Feinberg, Kris Hamel, Monica Moorehead,Gary Wilson West Coast Editor: John ParkerContributing Editors: Abayomi Azikiwe,Greg Buttereld, Jaimeson Champion, G. Dunkel,Fred Goldstein, Teresa Gutierrez, Larry Hales,Berta Joubert-Ceci, Cheryl LaBash,Milt Neidenberg, Bryan G. Pfeifer, Betsey Piette,Minnie Bruce Pratt, Gloria RubacTechnical Staff: Sue Davis, Shelley Ettinger,Bob McCubbin, Maggie VascassennoMundo Obrero: Carl Glenn, Teresa Gutierrez,Berta Joubert-Ceci, Donna Lazarus, Michael Martínez,Carlos VargasSupporter Program: Sue Davis, coordinatorCopyright © 2011 Workers World. Verbatim copying anddistribution of articles is permitted in any medium with-out royalty provided this notice is preserved. Workers World (ISSN-1070-4205) is published weekly except the rst week of January by WW Publishers,55 W. 17 St., N.Y., N.Y. 10011. Phone: (212) 627-2994.Subscriptions: One year: $25; institutions: $35. Lettersto the editor may be condensed and edited. Articles can be freely reprinted, with credit to Workers World, 55 W.17 St., New York, NY 10011. Back issues and individualarticles are available on microlm and/or photocopy fromUniversity Microlms International, 300 Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48106. A searchable archive is available onthe Web at www.workers.org. A headline digest is available via e-mail subscription. Sub-scription information is at www.workers.org/email.php.Periodicals postage paid at New York, N.Y.POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Workers World, 55 W. 17 St., 5th Floor,New York, N.Y. 10011.
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Workers World Party(WWP) ghts or socialismand engages in struggleson all the issues that acethe working class &oppressed peoples —Black & white, Latino/a,Asian, Arab and ativepeoples, women & men,young and old, lesbian,gay, bi, straight, trans,disabled, working,unemployed & students.I you would like to knowmore about WWP, or to oin us in these struggles,contact the branchnearest you.
this week ...
Bngng u f bun nfuen B ede
By Abayomi AzikiweEditor, Pan-African ews Wire
 Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism 1883-1918, by Jeffrey B. Perry(Columbia University Press, New York, 2009)
This is the rst volume of a denitivepolitical biography of radical socialist andnationalist leader Hubert Henry Harrison, whose involvement in the early 20th centu-ry in the Socialist Party, the Garvey Move-ment, the Liberty League and other orga-nizations set a standard that would heavily inuence Black and left activism and think-ing for decades to come.Born in the Caribbean nation of St. Croix in 1883, anisland colonized by Denmark and later the U.S., Harrisongrew up as a poor agricultural laborer on a plantation. Hismother was an immigrant worker from Barbados and hisfather was born in St. Croix.Despite Harrison’s poverty he was able to attendschool. His literary competency as well as a strong iden-tication with the working class and poor would provepivotal in his political career, which blossomed after hemigrated to the U.S. in 1900.The United States stood at a crossroads politically andeconomically during the years at the turn of the 20th cen-tury. It was a period of tremendous growth through immi-gration affecting New York City and other urban centersacross the country and also in its international inuence.Over the next two decades there would be the rise of the motor vehicle industry, mass transportation and theexplosion of mass media. Politically the rst two decadesof the 20th century would become noted for the emer-gence of larger social movements that sought to addresscontinuing racism and class oppression in the U.S. andaround the world. According to the author of the biography, Jeffrey B.Perry, “Harrison served as the foremost Black organizer,agitator and theoretician in the Socialist Party of New  York during its 1912 heyday; as the founder and leadinggure of the militant, World War I-era New Negro move-ment; and as the editor of the Negro World and principalradical inuence on the Garvey movement (described by the historian Randall K. Burkett as ‘the largest mass- based protest movement in Black American history’)during its radical high point in 1920.”Harrison’s “views on race and class profoundly inu-enced a generation of New Negro militants, including theclass-radical socialists A. Philip Randolph and ChandlerOwen, the future communists Cyril Briggs and RichardB. Moore, and the race-radical Marcus Garvey. Consid-ered more race conscious than Randolph and Owen andmore class conscious than Garvey, Harrison is the key link in the ideological unity of the two great trends of theBlack Liberation Movement — the labor and civil rightstrends associated with Martin Luther King Jr. and thenationalist trend associated with Malcolm X.”
Socialism and Black Liberation
In 1910 Harrison wrote two letters to the editor of theNew York Sun criticizing the views of Booker T. Wash-ington from the left, and Perry attributes to this the rea-son Harrison lost his job with the postal service. After that Harrison worked full-time for the Social-ist Party of America and became the leading Black pro-ponent of the organization for several years. Under the banner of the Socialist Party, he lectured broadly against capitalism and become acampaigner for its 1912 presidential can-didate, Eugene V. Debs. Harrison initiatedthe Colored Socialist Club, which is re-puted to be the rst major effort to recruit African Americans into the Socialist Party.Later Harrison wrote a regular columnfor the New York Call and the InternationalSocialist Review entitled “The Negro andSocialism.” He emphasized that it was es-sential for the Socialist Party to seriously address the national oppression of African Americans and that if this was not done, it would limit the overall program of the party.Harrison fell out with the Socialist Party over its re-fusal to militantly ght racism among its members and within the broader U.S. society. His criticism derivedfrom the continuation of segregated locals in the Southas well as racist positions on Asian immigration. He con-cluded by 1914 that the Socialist Party was putting theinterests of its white constituents ahead of those of the African Americans and Asians.In 1914-15 he afliated with the Modern School Move-ment, formed by the Spanish anarchist/educator Francis-co Ferrer. In addition, he created the Radical Forum wherehe laid the basis for the New Negro Movement, a predeces-sor of the so-called Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s.During World War I Harrison formed the Liberty League and the Voice as an alternative to the more mod-erate views of the NAACP. The program of the Liberty League advocated internationalism, political indepen-dence for the colonized countries in the Caribbean and Africa, anti-lynching legislation, full enforcement of the14th and 15th amendments to the U.S. Constitution,along with armed self-defense and mass organizing.
Gareyism & communism
By 1920 Harrison was appointed editor of the Negro World, the widely circulated newspaper of the Univer-sal Negro Improvement Association founded by MarcusGarvey in 1914. Garvey relocated from Jamaica in 1916and settled in Harlem, from where the UNIA would grow into a mass-based organization throughout the U.S., theCaribbean and Latin America, and the African continent. After 1920 Harrison criticized Garvey’s program fromthe left. He continued to write for the Negro World until1922 but became involved with other organizations suchas the American Negro Labor Congress and the WorkersParty (later known as the Communist Party).By 1924 he set out to form a united front among Af-rican Americans by forming the International ColoredUnity League. Harrison, through the ICUL, advocatedfor political rights, economic and social justice, and thecreation of a separate African state in the U.S.Prior to his death in 1927 at the untimely age of 44,Harrison edited the publication of the ICUL, the Voice of the Negro. He announced publicly that he was to be treat-ed for appendicitis and later died on the operating table.Harrison’s funeral was well attended in Harlem, yet hislegacy has remained obscure among younger generationsof activists and intellectuals. This book written by Jeffrey B. Perry is a well-deserved contribution to the literatureon the intersection between African-American politicalmovements, social philosophies, and that of the emergingsocialist and communist movements inside the UnitedStates during the rst three decades of the 20th century.
workers.orgJune 2, 2011Page 3
FB steps up anti-communist witch-hunt
By Dolores Coxew York 
Last September FBI raids took place inseveral Midwestern cities. Twenty-threeactivists had their residences searched.Their belongings, such as computers, per-sonal documents, organizing materialsand les, were conscated. These activists were served with subpoenas to appear be-fore a Chicago grand jury. All have takenthe Fifth Amendment and refused to testi-fy against movements for peace and social justice. As a result, some could be indict-ed, leading to extended jail time for notcooperating with the federal government.These indictments may be imminent.The latest raid took place at the homeof a Los Angeles veteran Chicano activist,Carlos Montes, by the FBI and the County Sheriff during the week of May 16, indicat-ing the attacks haven’t ended.The government says it’s investigatingthe activists’ “material support for foreignterrorist organizations.” In reality, the ac-tivists are being accused of speaking truthto power against U.S. wars and terrible re-gimes abroad that the U.S. supports. Theseactivists have stood in solidarity with thestruggles of peoples of the world, especial-ly those in Palestine and Colombia.In New York City on May 21 the New  York Committee to Stop FBI Repression, Al-Awda NY, DRUM and the MalcolmX Grassroots Movement sponsored anevent to build the resistance and supportnetwork for the activists. The groups alsostress the urgency of strengthening inter-national solidarity.Hatem Abudayyed, a Palestinian hu-man rights activist whose home in Chi-cago was raided, was one of the speakers.He emphasized the importance of form-ing alliances with other organizations. Healso spoke about the U.S. government’srepression and attacks against Palestin-ians, Arabs and Muslims.On May 6 the bank accounts of Abu-dayyed and his spouse were frozen. Or-ganizers responded with a “day of action”against the government and the bank,making phone calls demanding the freez-es be lifted. Five days later they were lift-ed, but the Twin Cities Federal Bank stat-ed it no longer wanted them as customersand closed their accounts. Abudayyedstated that they’ve received support fromthe teachers’ union, academic community and religious leaders in Chicago.Through an interpreter, the mother of a member of Desis Rising Up and Mov-ing talked about the impact of local andfederal law enforcement misconduct onSouth Asian, Arab and Muslim commu-nities, particularly on the youth. At age19 her son was targeted by the FBI and aNew York police undercover agent in anentrapment scheme. He is now serving a30-year prison sentence in a high-securi-ty Indiana prison built for Muslims, shestated. Youth there are not allowed con-tact with friends or family; none had priorcriminal history. She added that peoplemust make this government transparentand ght to change laws and the system.Brandon King from the Malcolm XGrassroots Movement gave an historicaloverview of the FBI’s counterintelligenceprogram — founded in the 1950s — andpolice repression in Black communities.Black activists have always been targetsof violence and assassinations. Statisti-cally, there are more Black men in prisontoday than were enslaved in 1850. Theestablishment of COINTELPRO was to“neutralize” freedom ghters and groupsduring the Civil Rights and Black Libera-tion Movements. King stressed the needto have an elevated consciousness and toput an end to wars, terrorism and occu-pation here in the U.S.Lamis Deek, an Al-Awda NY memberand National Lawyers Guild attorney,spoke of increased post-9/11 threats andexpansion of Homeland Security activities.Palestinians in New York continue to be victims of FBI entrapment by informants in“predisposition-to-commit-crimes” cases. A Center for Constitutional Rights attor-ney, Shayana Kadidal, gave a legal updateon the scope of the Material Support Stat-ute in the wake of the June 2010 SupremeCourt decision, Humanitarian Law Project vs. Holder. According to the U.S. Depart-ment of State, no material support is al-lowed to be given to “foreign terrorist orga-nizations” anywhere in the world. Supportis dened as giving skilled training, expertadvice/assistance, personal help or ser- vices (including intangible services). Thegovernment uses the term “agent” actingon behalf of a group, rather than the word“member” of a group. Activism is consid-ered material support. But government in-terpretations are also ambiguous.To support and build resistance to FBIrepression, sign the online “Pledge to Re-sist FBI and Grand Jury Repression” at www.StopFBI.net. Important emergencresponses are planned in the event thatindictments are handed down. In New  York City the emergency action will takeplace in Times Square 5-7 p.m. outsidethe military recruiting station. For moreinformation, contact nycsfrlist@gmail.com or 917-397-0103.
YC forum builds resistance to state repression
By Michael MartinezLos Angeles
The sun had not dawned yeton the cold, crisp morning of May 17 in Alhambra, a neigh- borhood east of Los Angeles. It was hard to believe spring hadarrived that morning when at5 a.m. the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department SWATteam assembled in front of Car-los Montes’ driveway and front yard. The silence was shatteredalong with Montes’ door as theofcers rammed it down and then spranginto his home bearing automatic ries.Montes is a member of Freedom RoadSocialist Organization. He has been a long-time activist for immigrant rights and Chi-cano liberation in southern California. He was a founder of the Brown Berets and aghter with Chicano Moratorium. A leader in the Southern California Im-migration Coalition, Montes has led the big May 1 immigrant marches in Los An-geles since 2006, along with many otherghters like BAYAN USA, Union del Bar-rio and the International Action Center. Although the LASD claimed they raidedMontes’ residence over an illegal weap-on’s charge, the true nature of the raid was revealed when they ransacked hishouse and took historical political docu-ments dealing with more than 40 years of his activism, photos, his computers andhis cell phones.
Stop the witch-hunt
Montes is not the only activist who has been targeted by the FBI for his solidar-ity work. Last September the FBI raided23 anti-war and international solidarity activists’ homes. Many of them belongto FRSO, the same organization to whichMontes belongs. They were subpoenaedto appear before a grand jury. After these subpoenas were issued,Montes became active, along with many other supporters, among them Work-ers World Party and Fight Imperialism,Stand Together, in opposing the govern-ment’s witch-hunt against FRSO mem- bers in the Midwest.Montes was also named in the FBI’ssubpoena which was left in the Twin Cit-ies Anti-War Committee’s ofce on Sept.24. Like many of the 23 activists called be-fore the grand jury, he had helped to or-ganize the mass march there on the open-ing day of the 2008 Republican NationalConvention.
Building the ghtback 
On May 20 a crowd of more than 100activists gathered in front of the FederalBuilding in downtown Los Angeles. What was originally set up as a press conference became a raucous rally supporting Mon-tes against the FBI charges.This writer opened the rally, as thecrowd chanted, “FBI: Hands off the move-ment.” Montes thanked everyone for be-ing there for him and showing support.John Parker, West Coast regional co-ordinator of the IAC, spoke in Montes’defense. He denounced the FBI raids andcalled for solidarity, evoking Dr. MartinLuther King Jr. by stating, “An injury toone is an injury to all.”Terrie Cervas of Gabriela USA com-pared the FBI raid against Montes to thetreatment faced by political activ-ists in the Philippines at the handsof the U.S.-backed and -trainedgovernment. A truck displaying a large ban-ner in solidarity with Montesstopped trafc in front of therally. Soon, two Homeland Se-curity SUVs showed up and thetruck moved. The governmentagents chased down the truck andstopped it toward the end of the block. Half a block away, those atthe rally could see the agents ha-rassing the truck driver.The demonstrators rushed over to thetruck and pressured the agents to releasethe driver. The angry crowd chanted, “Lethim go! Let him go.” Feet began to move off the sidewalk and into the street. The agents were being surrounded, and feeling thecrowd’s pressure, let the truck driver go.The demonstrators returned to theFederal Building to hear others speak  who had been recently targeted by thestate, like Alex Sanchez, leader of HomiesUnidos, and Nativo Lopez, a long-timeimmigrant rights advocate.More local actions will be announced.The FBI raids against Montes and othersare unacceptable. The only thing that willstay the hand of the state from repeatinganother wave of fascist-like McCarthyistincarcerations and COINTELPRO-stylerepression will be the people’s ghtback movement. Attorneys for the Fort Dix 5 gaveoral arguments for ve appeals beforea three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of  Appeals for the Third Circuit in Philadel-phia on May 23. With these ve appealsand seven more written appeals, thelawyers hope to convince the federalappellate panel to overturn their clients’convictions, to grant them new trials, orat least to lower their sentences. It may  be months before the judges’ decisionsare announced.Before the hearing, dozens of support-ers yelled “Free the Fort Dix 5” and otherchants and speakers denounced the FBI’scampaign of prosecuting innocent Mus-lims. The ve are all serving long prisonterms — three were given life plus 30 years — for a “conspiracy” that amountedto nothing more than a sustained cam-paign of government entrapment.
— eport and photo by Joe Piette
WW Pht: Jh PARR
May 20 protest at Federal Building in Los Angeles.
Supporters rally
‘Free the Fort Dix 5!’

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