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Workers World weekly newspaper
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Fb. 17, 2011 Vol. 53, No. 6 50¢
• Defender la educación • Los héroes de la Plaza Tahrir
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Continued on page 8
Ayman Noofal (center), a prominentmilitary commander of Hamas, isgreeted y supporters upon his ar-rival in Gaza on Fe. 5. Noofal man-aged to escape from an gyptianprison during the popular uprising.
Protesters have reakfast in tents at Tahrir Square Fe. 6.Man holds empty cartridges on his ngers red a dayearlier y Muarak forces.
ty tg
wk 3 — Cowds in Thi squ kp gowing
solidiTwiTh gpT
Protests in the U.S.
Around the world
Heroes of Tahrir Square
New stage inthe struggle
BlCkhisTomnsfighT BCk
Frantz Fanon legacy
SNCC women—A triute
puTo iCo
Students face arrests,ruer ullets
haiTi eleCTions
U.S. maneuvers
By Fred Goldstein
Feb. 8 — Hosni Mubarak’s military-po-lice regime and its creators in Washingtonare waging a war of attrition to wear downthe newly emerging Egyptian revolution.But the people show no signs of backingdown. More than a million anti-govern-ment demonstrators today once againlled Liberation Square.Despite police-agent attacks, gradualescalation of pressure from the military and slanderous campaigns against theprotesters on Egyptian state television,all reports are that masses of people haveooded into central Cairo to demand theimmediate ouster of Mubarak.Press reports and live television feedsfrom Al Jazeera showed anti-Mubarak demonstrators streaming into TahrirSquare, swelling the crowds to at least aslarge a gathering as last Friday’s massive“Day of Departure” demonstration.
People show no signs of backing down
The masses came out in a renewedshow of force, ignoring vague promises of “reform” from newly appointed Vice Pres-ident Omar Suleiman, the former head of the secret police and a notorious tortur-er. According to the Wall Street Journalof Feb. 8, “Demonstrators showed nosigns of backing down or losing supportTuesday. The lines to get into the squaresnaked down the street running alongthe Nile as well as across the Kasr Al NilBridge, as sympathizers heeded the callfor another show of strength. New arriv-als waited patiently shoulder to shoulderto get in. Ahead of them, the square wasalready packed with a crowd easily aslarge as the one that gathered Friday.” A crowd of tens of thousands also
ahrir Square, Cairo, gypt, Fe. 8.
Egypt becomes more ungovernable as workers strike
s WW goes to press on Feb. 9, it is re-ported that growing numbers of Egyptianworkers have gone out on strike all overthe country as the struggle to oust thedespised, U.S.-backed Mubarak regimeintensies. Among the many taking to thestreets are: workers from the Ministry of Health near Tahrir Square; 6,000 workersat ve service companies owned by theSuez Canal Authority, who organized asit-down; 2,000 textile workers; more than1,500 striking workers at a factory in Ma-halla, who blocked roads; more than 2,000workers from the Sigma pharmaceuticalcompany in Quesna; and 5,000 unem-ployed youth who took over a govern-ment building in Aswan, demanding thedismissal of the governor.
In the U.S.
Fascism: What it is and how to ght it, part 2 ............... 2Bay Area meetings condemn foreclosures and evictions. ....3Whitby verdicts cover up real hate crime....................3Labor/civil rights coalition to defend public sector ..........4No more slavery, pay living wage!...........................4U.S. protesters tell gov’t: ‘Stop supporting dictators!’ ........6Anti-war youth face trial on heavy charges..................6Activists in Bualo, N.Y., show solidarity with Egypt..........6
Black History means ght back 
Frantz Fanon and today’s ‘Wretched of the Earth’............5SNCC women were erce activists ..........................5
Around the world
Egyptians stay strong ......................................1Global solidarity with Egypt ................................7 Top 10 .................................................... 7Hail the heroes of Tahrir Square.............................8‘The Egyptian people are back on the stage of history’ ......9Gov. Fortuño attacks Univ. of Puerto Rico ..................10U.S. dictates election results, opposes Aristide’s return .....11Nunosur opens dialogue with U.S. left .....................11
Leonard Peltier............................................10
Noticias En Español
Defender la educación ....................................12Los roes de la Plaza Tahrir ...............................12
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 Workers World55 West 17 StreetNew York, N.Y. 10011Phone: (212) 627-2994Fax: (212) 675-7869E-mail: ww@workers.org Web: www.workers.org Vol. 53, No. 6 • Feb. 17, 2011Closing date: Feb. 8, 2011Editor: Deirdre GriswoldTechnical Editor: Lal Roohk Managing Editors: John Catalinotto, LeiLani Dowell,Leslie Feinberg, Kris Hamel, Monica Moorehead,Gary Wilson West Coast Editor: John ParkerContributing Editors: Abayomi Azikiwe,Greg Buttereld, Jaimeson Champion, G. Dunkel,Fred Goldstein, Teresa Gutierrez, Larry Hales,Berta Joubert-Ceci, Cheryl LaBash,Milt Neidenberg, Bryan G. Pfeifer, Betsey Piette,Minnie Bruce Pratt, Gloria RubacTechnical Staff: Sue Davis, Shelley Ettinger,Bob McCubbin, Maggie VascassennoMundo Obrero: Carl Glenn, Teresa Gutierrez,Berta Joubert-Ceci, Donna Lazarus, Michael Martínez,Carlos VargasSupporter Program: Sue Davis, coordinatorCopyright © 2011 Workers World. Verbatim copying anddistribution of articles is permitted in any medium withoutroyalty provided this notice is preserved. Workers World (ISSN-1070-4205) is published weekly except the rst week of January by WW Publishers, 55 W.17 St., N.Y., N.Y. 10011. Phone: (212) 627-2994. Subscrip-tions: One year: $25; institutions: $35. Letters to theeditor may be condensed and edited. Articles can be freely reprinted, with credit to Workers World, 55 W. 17 St., New  York, NY 10011. Back issues and individual articles areavailable on microlm and/or photocopy from University Microlms International, 300 Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor,Mich. 48106. A searchable archive is available on the Webat www.workers.org. A headline digest is available via e-mail subscription. Sub-scription information is at www.workers.org/email.php.Periodicals postage paid at New York, N.Y.POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Workers World, 55 W. 17 St., 5th Floor,New York, N.Y. 10011.
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Workers World Party(WWP) ghts for socialismand engages in struggleson all the issues that facethe working class &oppressed peoples —Black & white, Latino/a,Asian, Arab and Nativepeoples, women & men,young and old, lesbian,gay, bi, straight, trans,disabled, working,unemployed & students.If you would like to knowmore about WWP, or to join us in these struggles,contact the branchnearest you.
this week ...
Fascism: What it is and how to ght it
Loughner, Gifords & the ultraright
By Fred Goldstein
The following is the second in a series of articlesloosely based on a talk given at a Workers World  Party membership meeting on Jan. 21.
iven the inamed political climate in Arizona and thespread of right-wing politics nationally, the rulingclass had a major task trying to keep public opinion fromdrawing a natural connection between the attempted as-sassination of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, with its accom-panying massacre, and Sarah Palin, Rush Limbaugh,Glenn Beck and the rising generation of ultrarightists.In the aftermath of the shooting, Loughner’s Internetcommunications were used to show that he was dis-turbed. Any connection to the political right was denied,thus exonerating the hate-mongering racists and reac-tionaries. Attention was redirected to a lone individualon the grounds that there was no connection betweenLoughner and any rightist organization or politician.
The real Palin-Loughner connection
However, the connection between the attempted as-sassination of an establishment politician like Giffordsand the ultraright was obvious. The connection was thatLoughner was actually doing what the right wing had been publicly irting with and openly suggesting.Sarah Palin put rie-scope crosshairs on a map target-ing election districts, including that of Giffords. The slo-gan Palin propounded was “lock and load.” What could be clearer?Sharron Angle, who ran against Harry Reid in Ne- vada, talked about “Second Amendment solutions” todeal with political opponents. The Second Amendmentto the Constitution declares the right to bear arms.Giffords’ opponent in the election, Jesse Kelly, invitedhis supporters to participate in ring off M-16 roundsat a ring range as part of his campaign. What could beclearer?Those who claim that there was no political motiva-tion have to answer the following question: More than500,000 people live in Tucson. Why did Loughner de-cide to assassinate Giffords? When disturbed persons go on a shooting rampage,it is usually either random or is directed against oth-ers who they feel have aggrieved them. Loughner wasrecently expelled from college, rejected by the armedforces and arrested by the police. Yet no one who actu-ally impeded his life was targeted.He did have one encounter with Giffords in 2007, when he attended one of her community meetings. Ac-cording to a young woman who went to the meeting withhim, he asked Giffords a question. After the meeting hetold his friend that Giffords was “stupid” and referredto her as a “baby killer.” Giffords has supported repro-ductive rights. This information was aired on CNN onthe day of the massacre. It was then taken off the news,never to be referred to again.So Loughner ignored his numerous recent personalgrievances and acted on a long-standing political griev-ance. He chose to kill someone who had done nothing toimpede his life; someone he had met three years beforeand had called a “baby killer.” Furthermore, he may havehad other political grievances of a similar nature. We donot know. Whatever the extent of his psychological disability, hehad the same grievance that the ultraright has. He car-ried out in a violent and bloody deed what the ultrarighthas been repeatedly suggesting in words.That is the undeniable connection between Loughnerand the ultraright. Why does all this matter?
Tea Party racists spit on Rep. John Lewis
Let us recall the period of the early debate over thehealth care bill and the Town Hall meetings held by thecandidates. This was before the Tea Party, but the types who ultimately became the rank and le of that group were mobilized to attend those rallies. They launched verbal assaults on establishment, bourgeois politicians;some of the ultraright even came with guns.During the debate, John Lewis — an African-Ameri-can member of Congress from Georgia and a former civilrights activist — was spit on while going into the U.S.Capitol building, as was another Black legislator anda gay congressperson, by a racist Tea Party mob whileCapitol police looked on.The ranks of the ultraright and the fascists — andthere is usually a very thin line between the two — arelled with violent racists, and haters of women’s rights,LGBTQ rights and unions. They are out to organize reac-tionary assaults upon the masses whenever the opportu-nity arises. The ruling class uses them in this way.
Why fascists hate bourgeois democracy
They not only want to directly attack the masses butseek the destruction of all bourgeois democratic insti-tutions, precisely because they offer legal and consti-tutional protections to the workers, the oppressed andprogressive sections of society. The far right is particu-larly enraged that the electoral process could have ledto the election of an African American as president. Thishas inamed the racist drive towards fascism.That is why the fascists direct their threats, violenceand intimidation not only at the masses but also at the bourgeois establishment, which wants to carry out ex-ploitation and oppression within the connes of, andunder cover of, capitalist democracy.
Letting the ultraright o the hook 
The crux of the issue in the Arizona massacre shouldnot have been Loughner himself, seen in isolation anddistanced from the menacing political environment cre-ated by the right. Attention should have zeroed in onPalin, Angle, Kelly, Limbaugh, Beck and countless otherright-wing riffraff and — equally important — on theircorporate backers.But instead, President Barack Obama delivered a talk, very eloquent and heartrending, at the University of Ari-zona memorial for the victims in which he dwelt on theenormous personal tragedy and called for civility. He was accompanied by Attorney General Eric Holder andDirector of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano, bothof whom recited passages from the Bible. Aside froma vague phrase or two at the very end of Obama’s talk about divisive rhetoric, the ultraright was left completely off the hook.The question remains then, why did the very capitalistestablishment under attack try to cover up for the ultra-right and the fascists?
To be continued.Goldstein is author of the book “Low-Wage Capital-ism,” a Marxist analysis of globalization and its effectson the U.S. working class. He has also written nu-merous articles and spoken frequently on the present economic crisis. For further information visit www.lowwagecapitalism.com.
wrkers.rg Feb. 17, 2011 Page 3
MarxisM, reparations
& the Black Freedom Struggle
An anthology of writings from Workers World newspaper. Editedby Monica Moorehead. Includes
• Racism, National Oppression& Self-Determination
• Black Labor from ChattelSlavery to Wage Slavery
• Black Youth: Repression& Resistance
• The Struggle for Socialism Is Key
• Black & Brown Unity: A Pillar of Strugglefor Human Rights & Global Justice!
• Alabama’s Black Belt: Legacy of Slavery, Sharecropping &Segregation
• Harriet Tubman, Woman Warrior
• Are Conditions Ripe Again Today?
40th Anniversary of the 1965 Watts Rebellion
• Racism and Poverty in the Delta
• Haiti Needs Reparations, Not Sanctions
Available at
Community memers at Antioch, Calif., speak-out against foreclosures.
Bay rea eet ce recrea evctwtby verct cver  rea ate cre
Photo: MEtohEALth MEDiCALCENtE
eecca Whity with her new aydaughter, A’Marhi.
By Judy GreenspanSan Francisco
Political activists and community orga-nizers, many of them facing home foreclo-sures themselves, took an active role in aseries of meetings and rallies in the SanFrancisco Bay area the rst week of Feb-ruary. In Bayview, San Francisco’s largest African-American community and in themostly Latino/a working-class suburb of  Antioch, they began building a ghtback movement to demand an end to all fore-closures and evictions.The featured speaker at all of the events was Jerry Goldberg, an organizer and peo-ple’s lawyer with the Detroit-based Mora-torium Now! Coalition to Stop Foreclo-sures, Evictions and Utility Shut-offs. Priorto the public meetings, organizing sessions were held in East Bay communities.Bayview-Hunters Pointe up until re-cently has experienced a full 48 percent of San Francisco’s foreclosures. So it shouldhave been no surprise that homeowners,tenants and community activists gatheredat Bayview’s Grace Tabernacle Church tohear Goldberg on Feb. 3 and to participatein a community speakout. Dave Welsh, anorganizer with the Bail Out the PeopleMovement, chaired the meeting. Willie Ratcliff, a local contractor andpublisher of the San Francisco BayView National Black Newspaper, spoke aboutthe struggle being waged to create jobsand win community control of new con-struction in Bayview. Ratcliff’s construc-tion company was originally chosen to build the neighborhood library. Ratclifrecently found out that the job was trans-ferred to a large, outside contractor.The BayView newspaper had printeda quarter page yer promoting this anti-foreclosure meeting.Showing the impact of this issue, ReneGonzalvez, also from the church and anorganizer of a group that monitors laborstandards for oppressed workers and of acampaign for local hires on city contracts;local activists Marie Harrison and NaimHarrison; and Global Women’s StrikeNell Myhand all joined the effort. Someof these organizers were challenging theirown foreclosures. Antioch, about 45 minutes from SanFrancisco, has been devastated by foreclo-sures. Workers who earn about $30,000a year or who have now lost their jobs gotlured into mortgages with principals of $300,000 or more whose interest rateskeep going up, leading to massive homelosses. People also came to the Feb. 4 meet-ing from surrounding Contra Costa Coun-ty, which leads California in foreclosures.The meeting, which was translated intoSpanish, took place in the parking lot of the community center with loudspeakersand a large banner calling for a moratori-um on foreclosures and evictions. It was allput together by the community organizers.Delia Aguilar, whose home was placedin foreclosure last year, and GuillermoBriceno of Nuestra Casa Community Ser- vices, were major forces behind the An-tioch meeting. Aguilar also attended theSan Francisco meeting and gave movingtestimony about her ght to stay in herhome. Led by local organizers, plans areunderway to build a strong movement fora moratorium against foreclosures andevictions.Goldberg’s talks included a history of “the war against poor and working peo-ple” in Detroit and around the country,rst through job loss and now throughforeclosures and evictions. The Detroitorganizer noted that the rst moratoriumagainst foreclosures was won in the 1930sthrough direct action. Goldberg, who ex-posed the rotten role of the banks, urgedpeople to get involved politically and de-mand that “Housing is a Right!”Many community members came outto the rallies with their legal paperwork in hand and Goldberg, who is an attorney in Michigan, gave as much advice as hecould. While he admitted winning a few legal cases in the courts, he gave exampleafter example of how much more power-ful the struggle became when people or-ganized. “For every one case that I have won, I’ve lost 10,” Goldberg said. “But when we have taken direct action by mo- bilizing the community to stand up, wehave been able to win some real victo-ries,” he added.
By Sharon DanannCleveland
 An Ohio jury returned verdicts in thetrial of Rebecca Whitby, daughter, andRebecca Whitby, mother, on Feb. 7, ac-quitting them on most of the charges.The younger woman, however, was foundguilty of one count of resisting arrest andone count of assaulting a police ofcer with her saliva. The incident occurred in April 2009 after police were called to me-diate a family dispute.Mother Whitby was found guilty of ob-struction of justice because she threw her body over her daughter to shield her frompunches in the face. Sentencing will be onMarch 7. While the defense attorneys did notraise this point in their summation, sup-porters of the two women say that at leasteight white ofcers positioned themselveson the Whitbys’ front porch while the two white cops who responded to the call wereupstairs beating up the younger Whitby.The Rebecca Whitby Defense Committeesays the two cops upstairs never had timeto summon help after they arrived, sothey must have called for backup on their way to the Whitby house.The women and other witnesses say that this large group of ofcers, who hadseemingly no particular reason for beingon the scene, brutalized the 23-year-old woman while using racial slurs such asthe n-word and derogatory sexual lan-guage. That’s why the defense committeehas raised slogans demanding chargesagainst the cops and has discussed thecase as a preplanned hate crime. It wasanother skirmish in the war on the Black people and the women of Cleveland.
Hate crime perpetrated by blue uniforms
The attack would have been more rec-ognizable as a hate crime had it not beenhidden behind blue uniforms and coveredup through intri-cate machinationsat the jail and sub-sequently at thehospital. The situ-ation was furtherobscured by the10 felony chargesled against thedaughter and thethree felony charg-es against themother after they had the courage torequest an investi-gation into the useof excessive force by the police.The jury askedto see this com-plaint, but JudgeDaniel Gaul denied their request.On Feb. 3, while the jury was on a break,the most recent example of the thug tac-tics that permeate the police and judicialsystem in Cleveland occurred right in thecourtroom.Christine Martin, one of the whiteneighbors who testied for the defense,gave details of the ofcers’ violent acts.These included kicking and tasing the younger Whitby, already limp and semi-conscious, on the front porch.Martin says that as she was leavingthe courtroom after completing her tes-timony, Assistant Prosecutor StephanieLingle asked a deputy sheriff to arresther. In front of numerous witnesses, thesheriff said to Martin, “Life’s a b — ch,” while he handcuffed her roughly, injur-ing her wrists and shoulder blades in theprocess, and transported her back intothe courtroom.In the courtroom Martin was toldthere was a warrant for her for posses-sion of drugs. Prosecutor Sherrie Roysterlaughed openly at Martin, who was vis-ibly upset, crying anddemanding to haveher birth date and So-cial Security numbercompared to those onthe warrant. Other ob-servers came from the judge’s chambers tolaugh and smile at theobvious discomfort of the defense witness.Lingle commented,“She got what she de-served.”Then, as suddenly as the arrest, someonerealized that the out-standing warrant wasfor a person who did,in fact, have a different birth date. Martin wasfree to go, but only after she had beenthoroughly terrorized for breaking ranks with the racists and having the integrity to tell the truth about an abusive situa-tion.Marva Patterson, aunt of the younger Whitby, stated, “Judge Gaul was so madat the verdicts — you could fry an egg onhis head. The verdicts were much betterthan anything offered in plea bargaining.The courtroom was packed with family and supporters.”The Whitbys are maintaining theirghting spirit. Their attorneys have al-ready led appeals. According to mother Whitby, “We won’t stop until the cops get what they deserve.”The defense committee is asking peo-ple to contact Martin Flask, Director of the Department of Public Safety, 601Lakeside Ave., Rm. 230, Cleveland, OH44114; phone 216-664-2200; fax 216-664-3734. Let him know that it’s timefor Ofcers James Bryant and MitchellSheehan to face charges for excessive useof force for punching, kicking and usingtasers when all they were faced with wasmisdemeanor spittle — which they proba- bly squeezed out of Whitby when the twolanded on her.They also need to face charges formany instances of falsication of recordsand cover-up of their crimes.If cops can be convicted in New Or-leans for killing people at a bridge cross-ing without reason, they can be convictedin Cleveland. The organized forces of hate often turn in their sheets for blueuniforms, prosecutors’ suits and judges’robes. But we will ght back against their war of terror, and together we will win!

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