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USAID - Achieving the Millennium Development Goals- The Contribution of Fulfilling the Unmet Need for Family Planning May 2006

USAID - Achieving the Millennium Development Goals- The Contribution of Fulfilling the Unmet Need for Family Planning May 2006

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Achieving theMillenniumDevelopment Goals:
The contribution of fulfilling the unmet need for family planning 
May 2006
 
 
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals:
The contribution of fulfilling the unmet need for family planning 
 May 2006 
This publication was produced for review by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Itwas prepared by Scott Moreland, Futures Group/POLICY Project; and Sandra Talbird, from theUniversity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.The authors’ views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or theU.S. Government.
 
 
 iii
Contents
Acknowledgments
......................................................................................................................................iv
Abbreviations
..............................................................................................................................................v
Executive Summary
...................................................................................................................................vi
I. Introduction
.............................................................................................................................................1
Unmet Need for Family Planning and Unintended and Mistimed Pregnancies
………………………….…
1 
II. Family Planning Scenarios
....................................................................................................................5
 Demographic Assumptions
.......................................................................................................................5
 Demographic Scenarios
...........................................................................................................................6
Cost Assumptions
......................................................................................................................................9
Cost of Family Planning Scenarios
........................................................................................................12
III. MDG Scenarios
...................................................................................................................................14
 Background 
.............................................................................................................................................14
 MDG Assumptions
..................................................................................................................................15
IV. Universal Primary Education
............................................................................................................17
Current Status vs. Goal 
..........................................................................................................................17
 Demographic Scenarios
.........................................................................................................................17
Cost Assumptions
....................................................................................................................................19
Cost Scenarios
........................................................................................................................................21
V. Reduce Child Mortality
.......................................................................................................................23
Current Status vs. Goal 
..........................................................................................................................23
 Demographic Scenarios
.........................................................................................................................24
Cost Assumptions
....................................................................................................................................26
Cost Scenarios
........................................................................................................................................29
 Infant and Under-Five Mortality
............................................................................................................30
VI. Improve Maternal Health
..................................................................................................................34
Current Status vs. Goal 
..........................................................................................................................34
 Demographic Scenarios
.........................................................................................................................35
Cost Assumptions
....................................................................................................................................38
Cost Scenarios
........................................................................................................................................42
 Maternal Deaths Averted 
........................................................................................................................43
VII. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases
.........................................................................45
Current Status vs. Goal 
..........................................................................................................................46
 Demographic Scenarios
.........................................................................................................................46
Cost Assumptions
....................................................................................................................................48
Cost Scenarios
........................................................................................................................................49
VIII. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
............................................................................................51
Current Status vs. Goal 
..........................................................................................................................51
 Demographic Scenarios
.........................................................................................................................52
Cost Assumptions
....................................................................................................................................53
Cost Scenarios
........................................................................................................................................54
IX. Benefit-Cost Comparison
...................................................................................................................57
X. Conclusion
.............................................................................................................................................59
Appendix 1. Baseline Data for MDG Indicators, 2000
..........................................................................60
Appendix 2. Education Unit Cost Data 2001–2015
................................................................................61
Appendix 3. Cost Estimates for Family Planning
..................................................................................65
References
..................................................................................................................................................66

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