When was the piano invented?
The piano was invented in late 17
century. It was created by an Italianinstrument maker named Bartolomeo Cristofori. The original name for the pianois Pianoforte.
Why was the piano created?
The pianoforte was created to solve 3 major problems with keyboard instruments at the time. Sowere too soft, others couldn’t sustain notes for a long period of time and manufactures wereforced to produce harpsichords with two layers of keys (one for soft and one for louder playing).
Instruments thatinfluenced the creationof the piano
The piano was invented to solve the problems of using a Harpsichord and Clavichord.
It co-existed in the 14
century with the harpsichord, but wasn’t really used andmanufactured until the 16
century. Its design is very similar to the modern day piano. Instead of the strings being plucked like the harpsichord when a key was struck. Rather it had a brass“tangent” that would strike up toward the strings. Compared to the harpsichord, when theclavichord was played it had more control on pitch and volume. One downfall with the clavichordis that it was too soft to be heard by a loud audience during a performance.
Was the first “plucked-string” keyboard instrument. The winged shapedconstruction is identical to the modern day piano. Its origins are unknown, but it is believed tohave been designed in the 15
century by harp players who experimented with different ways of plucking the strings. It was mainly manufactured in the 16
century like other string instruments of that time. Whenever a key was played a small hook would pluck the string creating a vibration,thus making a sound. The harpsichord had, limited control on the volume and sustain of a noteplayed.