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18180275 CHAPTER 6 Coordinate Geometry Module Exercises

18180275 CHAPTER 6 Coordinate Geometry Module Exercises

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11/14/2013

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Sri Bintang Tuition Centre, Kuching @biid  Additional Mathematics Form 4, June 2009 
1
Name: ……………………………….School: ……………………………..
CHAPTER 6: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
6.1 DISTANCE BETWEEN POINTS 
Distance between points),(
11
 y x A
and),(
22
 y x B
is given by the formula:
( ) ( )
22
1212
 y y x x
+
 
 Exercise 1
1.
 
Find the distances between the points:(a)
 
(3, 2) and (8, 14)(b)
 
(0, 4) and (–9, 1)
[Ans: (a) 13 units (b) 9.487 units]
2.
 
The distance between the points),19(
a
and)3,4(
 L
is 17 units. Find the possiblevalues of 
a
.
[Ans: –5, 11]
3.
 
Given the distance between (
 p
, 2
 p
) and (1, 6) is 10 units. Find the possible valuesof 
 p
.
[Ans:7,59
]
4.
 
Given the points)1,2(),3,(
 R
and)2,3(
. Find the possible values of 
if thelength
 RS 
is twice the length of 
ST 
.
[Ans: –12, 8]
5.
 
If the point),(
q pG
is equidistant from the points)1,2(
 A
and)6,3(
 B
, show that.720
q p
=
 6.
 
The vertices of a triangle are)6,4(),3,0(
 J  H 
and)7,3(
 L
. Calculate the perimeterof the triangle .
 HJL
 
[Ans: 17.07 units]
 
 
Sri Bintang Tuition Centre, Kuching @biid  Additional Mathematics Form 4, June 2009 
2
6.2 (a) MIDPOINT BETWEEN TWO POINTS 
The midpoint between points),(
11
 y x A
and),(
22
 y x B
is given by the formula:
    
++
2,2
2121
 y y
 
 Exercise 2
7.
 
Write down the coordinates of the midpoints of the straight lines joining the points:(a)
 
)2,5(
 A
and)6,3(
 
 B
 (b)
 
    
211,21
 R
and
    
214,215
 (c)
 
( )
apap
2,
2
and
( )
aqaq
2,
2
 
[Ans: (a) (1, 2) (b) (3,–3) (c)
    
++
aqapaqap
,2
22
]
8.
 
 D
,
 E 
and
are three points on a straight line with
 E 
(3, 5) as the midpoint of 
 DF 
.Given that
 D
is
( )
3,2
, find the coordinates of 
.
[Ans: (8, 7)]
9.
 
The points
P
and
Q
are
( )
2,
α 
and
( )
 β 
,2
respectively. The midpoint of 
PQ
is)1,1(
 R
. Determine the value of 
α 
and the value of 
 β 
.
[Ans:0,4
==
β α 
]
10.
 
( )
1,3
P
,
( )
1,
mQ
,
( )
2,0
 R
and
( )
n
 
,4are the vertices of a parallelogram
PQRS 
,calculate the values of 
m
and of 
n
.
[Ans:4,1
==
nm
]
 
 
Sri Bintang Tuition Centre, Kuching @biid  Additional Mathematics Form 4, June 2009 
3
6.2 (b) DIVISION OF A LINE SEGMENT 
The coordinates of a point that divides a line segment according to a given ratio
m
:
n
isgiven by the fomula:Coordinates of 
    
++++=
nmmynynmmxnx
2121
,
 
 Exercise 3
11.
 
Find the coordinates of a point which divides the straight line joining the followingpairs in the given ratio.(a)
 
( )
2,1
and
( )
2,4ratio = 4 : 1(b)
 
( )
1,3
and
    
3,31ratio = 3 : 5
[Ans: (a)
    
511,3(b)
    
2
1,2
-
]
12.
 
Find the coordinates of the point
P
(
 x
,
 y
) which divides the line joining
 A
(2, 1) and
 B
(7, 9) such that
 AP
:
PB
= 2 : 3.
[Ans:
    
514,4]
13.
 
P
and
Q
are the points (6, 4) and (16, 9) respectively.
is a point on the straightline
PQ
such that 3
PW 
=2
WQ
. Find the coordinates of 
.
[Ans: (10, 6)]
14.
 
The point
G
lies on the straight line
KL
where
and
 L
are (4, 3) and (8, 7)respectively. If 
KG
:
GL
= 6 :
– 1, find the coordinates of 
G
in terms of 
.
[Ans:
    
++++
5393 ,5444
]
),(
11
 y x A
),(
22
 y x B
),(
 y x
mn

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