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18180275 CHAPTER 6 Coordinate Geometry Module Exercises

# 18180275 CHAPTER 6 Coordinate Geometry Module Exercises

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11/14/2013

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Sri Bintang Tuition Centre, Kuching @biid  Additional Mathematics Form 4, June 2009
1
Name: ……………………………….School: ……………………………..
CHAPTER 6: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
6.1 DISTANCE BETWEEN POINTS
Distance between points),(
11
y x A
and),(
22
y x B
is given by the formula:
( ) ( )
22
1212
y y x x
+

Exercise 1
1.

Find the distances between the points:(a)

(3, 2) and (8, 14)(b)

(0, 4) and (–9, 1)
[Ans: (a) 13 units (b) 9.487 units]
2.

The distance between the points),19(
a
and)3,4(
L
is 17 units. Find the possiblevalues of
a
.
[Ans: –5, 11]
3.

Given the distance between (
p
, 2
p
) and (1, 6) is 10 units. Find the possible valuesof
p
.
[Ans:7,59
]
4.

Given the points)1,2(),3,(
R
and)2,3(
. Find the possible values of
if thelength
RS
is twice the length of
ST
.
[Ans: –12, 8]
5.

If the point),(
q pG
is equidistant from the points)1,2(
A
and)6,3(
B
, show that.720
q p
=
6.

The vertices of a triangle are)6,4(),3,0(
J  H
and)7,3(
L
. Calculate the perimeterof the triangle .
HJL

[Ans: 17.07 units]

Sri Bintang Tuition Centre, Kuching @biid  Additional Mathematics Form 4, June 2009
2
6.2 (a) MIDPOINT BETWEEN TWO POINTS
The midpoint between points),(
11
y x A
and),(
22
y x B
is given by the formula:
  
++
2,2
2121
y y

Exercise 2
7.

Write down the coordinates of the midpoints of the straight lines joining the points:(a)

)2,5(
A
and)6,3(

B
(b)

  
211,21
R
and
  
214,215
(c)

( )
apap
2,
2
and
( )
aqaq
2,
2

[Ans: (a) (1, 2) (b) (3,–3) (c)
  
++
aqapaqap
,2
22
]
8.

D
,
E
and
are three points on a straight line with
E
(3, 5) as the midpoint of
DF
.Given that
D
is
( )
3,2
, find the coordinates of
.
[Ans: (8, 7)]
9.

The points
P
and
Q
are
( )
2,
α
and
( )
β
,2
respectively. The midpoint of
PQ
is)1,1(
R
. Determine the value of
α
and the value of
β
.
[Ans:0,4
==
β α
]
10.

( )
1,3
P
,
( )
1,
mQ
,
( )
2,0
R
and
( )
n

,4are the vertices of a parallelogram
PQRS
,calculate the values of
m
and of
n
.
[Ans:4,1
==
nm
]

Sri Bintang Tuition Centre, Kuching @biid  Additional Mathematics Form 4, June 2009
3
6.2 (b) DIVISION OF A LINE SEGMENT
The coordinates of a point that divides a line segment according to a given ratio
m
:
n
isgiven by the fomula:Coordinates of
  
++++=
nmmynynmmxnx
2121
,

Exercise 3
11.

Find the coordinates of a point which divides the straight line joining the followingpairs in the given ratio.(a)

( )
2,1
and
( )
2,4ratio = 4 : 1(b)

( )
1,3
and
  
3,31ratio = 3 : 5
[Ans: (a)
  
511,3(b)
  
2
1,2
-
]
12.

Find the coordinates of the point
P
(
x
,
y
) which divides the line joining
A
(2, 1) and
B
(7, 9) such that
AP
:
PB
= 2 : 3.
[Ans:
  
514,4]
13.

P
and
Q
are the points (6, 4) and (16, 9) respectively.
is a point on the straightline
PQ
such that 3
PW
=2
WQ
. Find the coordinates of
.
[Ans: (10, 6)]
14.

The point
G
lies on the straight line
KL
where
and
L
are (4, 3) and (8, 7)respectively. If
KG
:
GL
= 6 :
– 1, find the coordinates of
G
in terms of
.
[Ans:
  
++++
5393 ,5444
]
),(
11
y x A
),(
22
y x B
),(
y x
mn