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r050210202 Electrical Machines i

# r050210202 Electrical Machines i

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09/12/2008

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Code No: R050210202
Set No. 1
II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007ELECTRICAL MACHINES - I(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. With the help of neat diagram obtain the expression for the energy stored in amagnetic system for a simple attracted armature type relay. Explain the operationof system. [16]2. (a) With neat sketch explain the construction of Commutator. What is relationbetween armature slots and Commutator segments? Explain why mica is usedas insulating material in Commutator?(b) In a DC generator ﬂuxes are directly proportional to 1.2 * ﬁeld current. Thegenerator is working at a speed of 200 rpm and ﬂux per pole is 30 mwb. If the generator is lap wounded with 600 conductors in series, ﬁnd the EMFgenerated. If the winding is wave wound, ﬁnd the change in excitation currentto obtain the same voltage as above. Number of poles in machine are 6.[8+8]3. (a) Explain about demagnetizing Ampere turn per pole and Cross magnetizingAmpere Turn per pole.(b) What is the purpose of compensating winding? Explain in detail. [8+8]4. What is critical speed? How do you calculate the critical speed in laboratory.[16]5. (a) Sketch and explain the load characteristics of DC generators. Also give theirﬁelds of application.(b) A separately excited generator with constant excitation is connected to a con-stant load. When the speed is 1200 rpm, it delivers 120A at 500V. At whatspeed will the current be reduced to 60A ? Armature resistance is 0.1 ohm.Armature reaction may be ignored. [8+8]6. (a) Deﬁne torque. Derive the expression for torque developed by a D.C. motorfrom fundamentals.(b) Determine the torque developed when a current of 30A passes through thearmature of a motor with the following particulars: lap winding, 310 conduc-tors, 4-pole, pole-shoes 16.2 cm long subtending an angle of 60
0
at the centre,bore radius 16.2 cm, ux density in air gap 0.7 tesla. [8+8]7. (a) Explain the use of semiconductor devices in speed control of DC motors.(b) A 220 V DC shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.5 Ω and ﬁeld circuitresistance of 220 Ω. It takes a line current of 41 Amps, when delivering fullload torque. If it is desired to raise the speed by 60 % with the load torqueremaining constant, ﬁnd the additional resistance to be inserted in the ﬁeldcircuit. [8+8]1 of 2

Code No: R050210202
Set No. 1
8. (a) A DC motor is fed from a constant voltage supply runs at 900 RPM. At thisspeed hysteresis loss is 70 W and eddy current loss is 40 W. If the motor speedis increased to 1000 RPM by reducing the ﬂux, calculate the new core loss.Take Steinmitz’s constant as 1.6 and neglect armature circuit resistance.(b) Explain diﬀerent iron losses. How these losses can be reduced. [10+6]
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2 of 2

Code No: R050210202
Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007ELECTRICAL MACHINES - I(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. Two coupled coils have self and mutual inductances of L
11
= 2+
12x
,
L
22
= 1+
12x
,
L
12
=
12x
over a certain range of linear displacement x. Find the expression for the time-average force of ﬁeld origin at x = 0.5 m if (a) Both coils are supplied with a voltage source of 150 cos 628t Volts(b) If second coil is shorted and ﬁrst coil is excited with a voltage source of 300cos 628t volts. [8+8]2. (a) What is an equalizer connection? What is necessity of equalizer connection?(b) An 8 pole DC generator has per pole ﬂux of 40mWb and winding is connectedin lap with 960 conductors. Calculate the generated EMF on open circuitwhen it runs at 400 rpm. If the armature is wave wound at what speed mustthe machine be driven to generate the same voltage. [8+8]3. (a) Explain about demagnetizing Ampere turn per pole and Cross magnetizingAmpere Turn per pole.(b) What is the purpose of compensating winding? Explain in detail. [8+8]4. (a) Explain experimental determination of critical ﬁeld resistance for a self excitedgenerator?(b) What are the causes and indication of over load generator. [8+8]5. (a) Explain the external characteristic of DC series generator. Why does theterminal voltage start decreasing after a certain value of load current? Alsogive its applications.(b) A separately excited generator with constant excitation is connected to a con-stant load. When the speed is 1000 rpm, it delivers 120A at 500V. At whatspeed will the current be reduced to 60A ? Armature resistance is 0.1 ohm,Contact drop/brush is 1V. Armature reaction may be ignored. [8+8]6. (a) Discuss Armature reaction and commutation in DC motors. Explain theireﬀects on the performance of the motor and give remedies to their eﬀects.(b) A 6-pole DC motor has a wave connected armature with 87 slots, each slotcontaining 6 conductors. The ﬂux per pole is 20 m.wb and the armature hasa resistance of 0.13 ohm when the motor is connected to 240V supply and thearmature draws a current of 80A driving a load of 15KW. Calculatei. Speed1 of 2