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Rr410206 Non Conventional Energy Sources

Rr410206 Non Conventional Energy Sources

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Published by Srinivasa Rao G

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Published by: Srinivasa Rao G on Jan 18, 2008
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11/16/2010

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Code No: RR410206
Set No. 1
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) What are the prospects of various renewable energy resources in India?(b) Describe the general principles of Energy management with suitable examples.[8+8]2. (a) What are different types of solar energy collectors? Explain any two in detail.(b) List advantages and limitations of photovoltaic solar energy conversion. [10+6]3. (a) Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of wind power.(b) Write short notes on potential wind power in India.(c) List few companies manufacturing WEC devices. [6+6+4]4. (a) Explain the operation of a closed cycle OTEC system.(b) Discuss its advantages and disadvantages compared to open cycle OTEC plant.[10+6]5. Discuss the methods of harnessing wave energy. [16]6. (a) Describe the difference between spring tides, neap tides, high tide, and lowtide.(b) Discuss the possible reasons why energy output in double-effect generation isusually lower than for single-eect generation. [8+8]7. (a) Explain Hot Dry rocks (petrothermal) resources of geothermal energy and howthey can be exploited as a source of energy.(b) Explain vapour dominated hydrothermal power plant with neat sketch and itsrepresentation on T-S diagram.(c) Describe various disadvantages and operational problems associated with geother-mal energy. [5+6+5]8. (a) What is meant by anaerobic digestion? What are the factors, which affectbiodigestion? Explain briefly.(b) What is a community biogas plant? What are the main problems encounteredin its operation? [8+8]
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Code No: RR410206
Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2007NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Briefly explain the followingi. Energy Planning.ii. Energy Efficiency.(b) Explain what are energy efficient electric motors. How do they differ fromconventional motors? [10+6]2. What is pyrheliometer? With neat sketch, explain about the method of measuringsolar radiation using Angstrom compensation pyrheliometer. [16]3. (a) Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of wind power.(b) Write short notes on potential wind power in India.(c) List few companies manufacturing WEC devices. [6+6+4]4. (a) Draw the schematic diagram and explain the Open cycle OTEC system. Whatare the operational difficulties encountered in OTEC plants?(b) Find the quantity of water to be pumped to OTEC plant working with surfacewater at 27
0
C and with cold water at 8
0
C at a depth of 600 m from the surfaceto obtain 1.0MW of energy. Assume the density of ocean water as 1010 kg/m
3
and the specic heat of water as 4200 J/kg K. [10+6]5. Explain in brief the energy potential of ocean waves and methods of harnessing thewave energy. [16]6. (a) Show by sketches the method of harnessing the energy potential associatedwith ocean tides.(b) A tidal power station has 24 generators each of 10 MW operating at a maxi-mum head of 13.5m. It generates for two 6 hour periods per day. Calculate thebasin capacity in m
3
, and annual energy production. Assume 93% efficiencies.[8+8]7. (a) What are the sub classifications of hydrothermal convective system?(b) Describe a liquid dominated system or wet steam field.(c) A hot water geothermal plant of the total flow type, receives water at 250
0
C.The pressure at turbine inlet is 10 bar. The plant uses a direct contact typecondenser that operates at 0.3 bar. The turbine has a polytropic efficiency of 70%. For a cycle, net output of 10MW. Calculate:i. The hot water flow rate,1 of 2
 
Code No: RR410206
Set No. 2
ii. The condenser cooling water flow rate,iii. Cycle efficiency andiv. Plant heat rate. [4+4+8]8. (a) How are biogas plants classified? Explain the batch type and floating drumtype of biodigesters with sketch.(b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of floating drum plant?(c) Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of fixed dome type plant.[6+5+5]
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