Any structure for whatever purpose and of any material and every part of them whether forhuman or any other purpose, including all the structural elements like foundations, masonry,roofs, etc., with all the services like water closet, bathroom, staircase, etc., is termed as building.Building does not only refer to house but also implies the masonry the building is providing forsheltering the human beings.Building can be classified based on the occupancy and the type of construction. On the basis of occupancy, the buildings are classified as:1.
Residential building includes all the building in which the food and lodgingaccommodation is provided for normal residential purposes with lodging room, watercloset and bath are included for small family, private dwellers, dormitories, apartmentshouses(flats), hotel and hostels.
This building includes any building used for schools and colleges.
These buildings include hospitals and sanatoria, custodial homes such as homes in firmsand orphanages and penal institutions such as jails, prisons, mental hospitals andreformatories.
These are buildings where group of people congregate or gather for amusements,recreation, social, religious, patriotic, civil, travel and similar purposes, theatres, motionpictures houses, assembly halls, auditorium, exhibition halls, museums, places of worships, club rooms, etc., are such buildings.
These buildings are used for the transactions of business.