the water in thistank has to beheated up to desiredtemp.By adjusting this knob weallow the water to enter intothe container containinghemisphere surfaceThe Cuhemi.; fixedon a flat platnonconductingplate; isheated to aconstanttemp. by averticalwater jacketsurroundingit. A testdisc(Cu), isfixed to theplate insuch amanner, sothat it iscompletelyenclosed bythe hemi.By adjusting this knob wecan see the temp. of diff.parts of the hemispheresurface & the temp. of test disc & the tank.