A CRISIS OF TRUST AND CULTURAL INCOMPATIBILITY:
A Red Team Study of Mutual Perceptions of ANSF Personnel and U.S. Soldiers in Understanding
and Mitigating the
Phenomena of ANSF-Committed Fratricide-Murders –
Jeffrey Bordin, Ph.D., N2KL Red Team
2007 there have been at least
murder/attempted murder incidents by ANSF
ASG members against ISAF/UNAMA members,
Westernpersonnel. Most of these incidents have occurred since Oct. 2009, representing 6% of all hostiledeaths by ISAF during this period. Such fratricide-murder incidents are no longer isolated; theyreflect
threat. They are also provoking
of confidence and
trust amongWesterners training and working with ANSFs. Rather than just a result of insurgent infiltrationinto ANSF, indicators exist that many of these fratricide incidents resulted from personal clashes.Therefore, a field study was undertaken to assess ANSF members’
perceptionsof each other; specifically, to identify those behaviors that upset them or cause anger.
Sixty-eightfocus groups were conducted on 613 ANSF personnel throughout three provinces at 19 locations.Their reported negative views, experiences and observations of U.S. Soldiers’ social behaviorswere recorded. ANSF members identified numerous social, cultural and operational grievancesthey have with U.S. Soldiers. Factors that created animosity
were reviewed through
intensity of the perceived grievances. Factors that fueledthe most animosity included U.S. convoys not allowing traffic to pass,
reportedly indiscriminantreturn U.S. fire that causes civilian casualties, naively using flawed intelligence sources, U.S.
Forces conducting night raids
publicly searching/disarming ANSF members as an SOP when they enter bases, and pastmassacres of civilians by U.S. Forces (i.e., the Wedding Party Massacre, the Shinwar Massacre,
Other issues that
(including many self-reported near-fratricide incidents) included urinating in public, their cursing at, insulting and being rude andvulgar to ANSF members, and unnecessarily shooting animals. They found many U.S. Soldiersto be extremely arrogant, bullying, unwilling to listen to their advice, and were often seen aslacking concern for civilian and ANSF safety during combat. CAT 1 interpreters’ (n=30) views
views of ANSF,
particularly of the
were extremely negative.
They reported pervasive illicit drug use, massivethievery, personal instability, dishonesty, no integrity, incompetence, unsafe weapons handling,corrupt officers,
covert alliances/informal treaties with insurgents,
needfor roadblocks, vetting/training special ANSF search teams (including more females), reviewingbase security SOPs, monitoring religious radicalism in ANSF, reforming various dysfunctionalANSF practices, improving ANSF evaluation metrics, conducting more research in local patternsof life,
and developing improved cultural and human relations trainings and behavior standards.