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Institutionalizing Smart Growth Principles Into the Metropolitan Planning Process-Ampo Org

Institutionalizing Smart Growth Principles Into the Metropolitan Planning Process-Ampo Org

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Published by CFHeather

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Published by: CFHeather on Aug 26, 2012
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08/26/2012

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InstitutionalizingSmart GrowthPrinciplesinto theMetropolitanPlanning Process
 
 Final Report 
1
 I 
 NSTITUTIONALIZING 
 S 
 MART 
 ROWTH 
 P 
 RINCIPLES INTO THE 
 M 
 ETROPOLITAN 
 P 
 LANNING 
 P 
 ROCESS 
 A P 
 ARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE 
 A
 SSOCIATION OF 
 M 
 ETROPOLITAN 
 P 
 LANNING 
O
 RGANIZATIONS AND THE 
U.S. E 
 NVIRONMENTAL
 P 
 ROTECTION 
 A
GENCY 
The Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (AMPO) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)entered into a formal partnership in September 2000 to address smart growth inthe metropolitan planning process. EPAawarded AMPO an Innovative Community Partnership (ICP) grant to carry out this project. EPA’s ICP program awards funding to organizations to encourageinnovation and promote tools to assist communities in addressing livability. PROJECT OBJECTIVE  MPOs have demonstrated a strong interest inapplying smart growth principles to better coordinate transportation planning with local development decision-making (see text box). MPOs are the second largest type of  grantee under the first three years of TEA-21’s Transportation and Community and  Systems Preservation (TCSP) Program, second only to counties/cities in the number of awards, and higher than state DOTs. This program provides funding for developing innovative strategies that use transportationto build livable communities. Additionally, several MPOs have requested to work with EPA to use the Agency’s Smart Growth Index model as a transportation planning tool. This software is designed to displaythe environmental and quality of life impactsof one development scenario compared toanother—including both transportation and land use measures.The need to address land use and growth inthe transportation planning process is gaining recognition. National statistics show that the population of our nation will have passed the 300 million mark by 2010,an increase of more than 25 million peopleover the 2002 population. The number of vehicles will increase by almost that amount. Ten million new homes will bebuilt by 2010. These forces will combine to place more personal and work trips ontransportation systems that are alreadyoverburdened in most metropolitan areas. Few tools are in use today that allow theseconnections to be explored and to providedecision makers and planners with data onwhich to make difficult decisions. Many AMPO
is a nonprofit, membershiporganization established in 1994 to servethe needs and interests of MPOsnationwide. AMPO offers its member  MPOs technical assistance and training,conferences and workshops, frequent print and electronic communications, research,a forum for transportation policydevelopment and coalition building, and avariety of other services. The nine-member AMPO Board of Directors iselected by the membership. The majorityof the Board seats are held by local elected officials who are active members of their respective MPOs and play a vital leadership role in the affairs of AMPO. Full-membership in AMPO is open to all  MPOs and an associate membership isavailable to all interested parties.

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