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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Motivation
1.2 Objectives
1.3 Methodology
1.4 Organization of the thesis
2 Technology overview
2.1 Biomass
2.1.1 Definition
2.1.2 Classification
2.1.3 Construction
2.1.4 Properties
2.2 Gasification
2.2.1 Biomass conversion overview
2.2.2 Fundamentals of thermochemical conversion
2.2.3 Wood gasification technology overview
2.3 Gas processing
2.3.1 Gas cleaning
2.3.2 Gas conditioning
2.4 Solid oxide fuel cell
2.4.1 Fuel cells in general
2.4.2 Technology features
2.4.3 Working principle
2.4.6 Materials
2.4.7 Cell failure and performance degradation
3 Experiments
3.1 The PSI B-IGFC system
3.1.1 System description
3.1.2 Discussion of the chosen approach
3.2 Gas analysis
3.3 Proof-of-feasibility tests
3.3.1 Lab scale tests under load conditions
3.3.2 Lab scale tests under open circuit conditions
3.4 Characterization of important unit operations
3.4.1 Updraft gasification reactor
3.4.3 Catalytic partial oxidation
3.4.4 Sulfur absorption by zinc oxide
3.4.5 Solid oxide fuel cell
3.5 Proof-of-concept of the PSI B-IGFC system
3.5.1 First demonstration unit tests and derived modifications
3.5.2 Present demonstration unit configuration
3.5.3 Long-term test results
4 Modeling work literature review
4.1 Modeling approaches for steady-state investigations
4.1.1 Molecular level models
4.1.2 Electrode level models
4.1.3 Cell level models
4.1.4 Stack level models
4.1.5 Plant level models
4.2 Recent studies of biomass fed SOFC cycles
5 Modeling
5.1 Overall modeling approach
5.2 Flowsheeting models
5.2.1 Biomass gasifier
5.2.2 Gas humidifier
5.2.3 Heat integration network
5.2.4 Steam reforming and methanation reactors
5.2.5 Catalytic partial oxidation reactors
5.2.6 Sulfur adsorbent beds
5.2.7 SOFC
5.3 ATHENA SOFC model
5.3.1 Model description
5.3.3 Tubular model validation
5.3.4 Triangular model validation
5.3.5 Sensitivity analysis
5.4 Economic model
5.4.1 Equipment purchase cost estimate functions
5.4.2 Equipment sizing and purchase cost estimation
5.4.3 Total investment, direct and indirect plant costs
5.4.4 Net AC power efficiency
5.4.5 Power production costs
6 System analysis
6.1 Analysis constraints
6.1.1 SOFC simulation assumptions
6.1.2 Overall system simulation assumptions
6.2 System definition
6.2.1 Natural gas reference system
6.2.2 B-IGFC systems
6.3 Technical evaluation
6.3.1 Simulation results of gas processing sections
6.3.2 Simulation results of SOFC operation with producer gases
6.3.3 System simulation results
6.4 Economic evaluation
6.4.1 Direct plant cost estimates
6.4.2 Power production costs
6.4.3 Sensitivity analysis
7 Concluding remarks
7.1 Conclusions
7.1.1 Experiments
7.1.2 System analysis
7.2 Recommendations for future work
Notation
References
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eth-41553-02

eth-41553-02

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Published by Mag Fhearadhaigh

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Published by: Mag Fhearadhaigh on Aug 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/08/2013

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