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Coast Artillery Journal - Nov 1928

Coast Artillery Journal - Nov 1928

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Published by CAP History Library
Army
Army

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 27, 2012
Copyright:Public Domain

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12/27/2013

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THE COAST ARTILLERY JOURNAL
Published as the Journal U.
S.
Artillery from
1892
to 1922
MAJOR ROBERT ARTHUR, C. A. C.FIRST LIEUT. JAMES
L.
WFELCHEL, C. A. C••
 Editor and Manager  Assistant Edito
Volume 69November, 1928
CONTENTS
Number 5
BRITISH HOWITZER AT PILKEN
Frontispiece
THE USE OF BOOKS ..............365MECHANIZATION AND MOTORIZATION AND THEIR EFFECTS UPONHEAVY ARTILLERY ..
By
LIEUT. COL. GEORGEL. WERTENBAKER 382AN ECONOMIC SURVEY OF THE UNITED STATES ..... 388
 By
CAPT. V. W. HALLA SYSTEM OF SPOTTING AND PLOTTING FOR ANTIAIRCRAFTFIRING ...... _'
By
LIEUT. ROBERTW. CRICHLOW,JR. 397THE BUDGET OF THE UNITED STATES ..
By
LIECT. CLEM O. GUNN 413EARLY ARTILLERY ORGANIZATION ............ 418STRATEGIC NAVAL BASES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD ... 426
 By
LIEUT. WILLIAM H. BURNSEDITORIAL ., ............... 433PROFESSIONAL NOTES .................437
Coatof Arms of the Harbor Defenses of Key IVest-Retirement of Ser-geant Tony F. Monroe-Lieut. Goebel Receives Distinguished FlyingCross-A Combination Rammer-Sponge-Being an Officer-The Sheepand the Wolves-Pecu:e Pacts and European Armaments-Surplus Mili-tary Explosives Used Industrially-What the War Taught-MilitaryTraining in Peace Time-Foreign Periodicals.
BOOK REVIEWS ......., ..453
Tamerlane, The Earth Shaker-Condensed Military History of theUnited States-Artillery: Today and Tomorrou'~Alexander: A Ro-mantic Biography-Janus: The Conquest of War-Kitchener: Soldieand Statesman-Spy and Counter-Spy-Letters of Gertrude Bell o Arabia-With Malice Toward None-John Brown's Body-Songs oTropic Trails. Authors alone are responsiblefor statements in contributed articles
The
COAST ARTILLERY
JoUR.""f.ALpays for original articles upon publication.Puhlished monthly under the supervision of the Commandant, Coast Artillery School, by direction
of the Chief of CoastArtillery, for the informauo. of the Coast.Artillerypenonnel of the RefPllar
Army,
National Guard:> and Organized ReserYes ..
Terms: United States,. $3.00 a year; single copies, 50 cents. Canada" $3#25 a year; single copies"
55
cents.
Foreign" $3.50
II
year; single
copies"
60
cents.
Ent~red
as second class matter at the Poet Office at Fortress Monroe" Va. Acceptance for mailing
a.t
.pecial rate of postage provided for in Section 1103" Act of October 3" 1917" authorized May
8.
1920.
Copyright, 1928, hy the Cour .AJmr.r.ny
JODlUUr..
Address: The CO.l.5T
.A.lrnLI.mrr
JO U L " " f..u ."
Fort Monroe" Va.
 Printe
by
HOUSTO;t PlU::tTCfG
A::-l"P
PL"BLISHISG
Hm.s....
 Hampton"
€ I ..
 
THE COAST ARTILLERY JOURNAL
Volume 69November, 1928
The
Use
of Books
Number 5
Committee Problem No. 20, The Coast Artillery School
1.
INTRODUCTIO~
 By
CAPTAIN
R.
C.
JONES. C.
A.
C.
J
UST what is a book? The
Encyclopedia Americana
contributesthe following: "Used without qualification the term currently im-plies a printed literary composition in many sheets; but in law andeustomit has receivedthree extensions. one of form and two of matter.The form ine1udesanything bound like a book. The matter ine1udesby English statute law 'every volume, part or division of a volume,pamphlet sheet of letter press, sheet of musil', map, ehart or planseparately published'; in literary usage the written compositions oancient times on whatever material,
if
of some yolume."The earliest forms of writing were recorded on stone and clay tab-lets nearly 8000 years ago. Later these were grouped and lettered ornumbered by page and volume, thus coming within our definition of a book.The next step was papyrus, origin'lting in Egypt. made from aspecies of bullrush found on the banks of the ::\"ile.
It
ran from smallsingle sheets to rolls in sizeup to 10 inches by 46 feet, with a stick oneach end, and operated like a mortar Zone-Elevation Board. Docu-ments dated as early as 3580
B.
C. have been unearthed, but papyrus isbelieved to antedate that period. Due to its hygroscopic nature it sel-domlasts over200 years in the averageclimate. It was introduced intoSpain by the Moors in the 3th century and by the 12th was practicallydefunct. While tablets recorded only major facts, papyrus, being cheapand plentiful and used in an age of greater culture, was employed torecord speeches,literary compositions, and history, as well as the moreprosaic matters of laws, tax returns, dispatches, etc. An Encyclopediaof Ancient Wisdomwas published in HeIiopolis, Egypt, in 1466
B.
C.?\ext came parchment made from the skin of sheep and goats andaccredited to AttaIus II, King of Pergamos
in
Asia Minor about 150
[365]

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