n recent years, the debate over the causes andpotential consequences o climate change hasevolved into a dynamic discussion o how governmentat all levels should respond. On the local level, policymakers have begun to recognize that many o thenation’s current challenges—such as climate change,public health, and dependence on oreign oil—haverevealed how unsustainable traditional developmentpatterns and the policies that support them can be.As a result, a growing number o local governmentsacross the United States are using smart growthapproaches in their eorts to address climate changein their communities.In urban and suburban areas, in small towns andrural areas, and in every region o the country—romKeene, New Hampshire, to Sarasota County, Florida,to Sacramento, Caliornia, to Tacoma, Washington—local government proessionals are incorporating smartgrowth principles into their climate protection plans.The leadership is coming rom small towns such asCarbondale, Colorado, and rom larger metropolitanareas such as Kansas City, Missouri–Kansas, wherelocal ocials assembled citizens and the ull range o stakeholders to develop creative solutions and buildconsensus around programs and strategies.ICMA’s membership has called sustainability,which they dene as balancing economic develop-ment, environmental protection, and social equitygoals while maintaining nancial viability, “the issueo our age.”
Addressing climate change is a key com-ponent o creating more sustainable communities, andsmart growth oers practical guidelines or communi-ties looking to develop sustainably: it addresses newgrowth and development in a way that reduces theirimpact on the environment and their contributionsto global climate change while supporting economicdevelopment and social equity–related goals.This report outlines nine strategies or successullyapplying smart growth principles to climate concernson the local and regional levels:Create more sustainable and resilient communities1.Green the local economy2.Engage the community in the climate change plan-3.ning processApproach climate change planning on a regional4.levelAddress transportation through transit-oriented5.development and complete streetsPromote density through inll development and6.browneld redevelopmentAdopt green building policies7.Preserve and create green space8.Plan or climate adaptation.9.
Getting Smart about Climate Change
whAt Is smArt growth?
The Smart Growth Network has created a set of ten principles,based on policies and practices from communities across thecountry, that provide a framework for smart growth:Mix land uses1.Take advantage of compact building design2.Create a range of housing opportunities and choices3.Create walkable neighborhoods4.Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong5.sense of placePreserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical6.environmental areasStrengthen and direct development towards existing7.communitiesProvide a variety of transportation choices8.Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost9.effectiveEncourage community and stakeholder collaboration in10.development decisions.
Source: Smart Growth Network, www.smartgrowth.org/about/default.asp (accessed March 11, 2010).