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The Sahur, Fasting and Iftar

The Sahur, Fasting and Iftar

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Published by: elan sudjanamihardja on Aug 27, 2012
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VIRTUES OF SEHRI/SAHUR & ITS RULINGS1. NIYAT FOR SUHUR (SEHRI) : The niyat (intention) for every action is a must but people have started practising a bid'ah(innovation) in this regards, i.e to speak the niyat out loud for fasting or before praying andetc. this is a cursed bid'ah. the Prophet (s.a.w) never spoke out his intention verbally (eitherslowly or loudly) for fasting and neither did his companions (sahaba) may allah be pleasedwith them spoke out their niyat verbally either for salah or fasting. They travelled to greatdistances, different countries for jihad and to teach different people, yet they (sahabas) nevertaught any Muslim to speak his niyat verbally for salah or fasting.Every new action in Islam which is not in accordance to what rasool (s.a.w) taught is rejectedand cursed (Bukhari, muslim and etc - Agreed Upon)Link 1 : Learn why Bid'ah is the most dangerous thing ever !2. THERE IS NO FAST FOR A PERSON WHO DIDN'T INTEND TO FAST BEFORE FAJR The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no fast for the personwho did not intend to fast from the night before.”[Ref: Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 2454. A number of the scholars, such as al-Bukhaari, al-Nisaa'i (2334), al-Tirmidhi and others thought it was likely to be mawqoof. See Talkhees al-Hubayr, 2/188] The intention may be made at any point during the night, even if it is just a moment beforeFajr because of the evidence :Narrated by Ibn ‘Umar from Hafsah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peaceand blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever does not have the intention of fastingbefore Fajr, there is no fast for him.”[Ref: Narrated by Imam Ahmad, the authors of al-Sunan, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibbaan;they classed it as saheeh and marfoo’]3. DUA BEFORE SUHOOR OR BEFORE STARTING TO FAST There is no sahih hadeeth which shows us that rasool (s.a.w) prescribed any specific dua forus to begin our fast or suhoor with. One may say whatever he wishes "pre-conditioned" he isaware that so and so method or dua is not a condition or sunnah for eating suhoor. One maysimply say Bismillah or Bismillahir rehmanir raheem and eat his suhoor.4. I GOT UP THE NEXT MORNING IN THE STATE OF JANABAH (IMPURITY)As long as a person has intended to fast from the previous night he can fast. what one issupposed to do under this condition is as mentioned below :Narrated Aaishah and Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with them both): “At timesAllaahs Apostle (peace be upon him) used to get up in the morning in the state of Janaabahafter having sexual relations with his wives. He would then take a bath and fast.”[Ref: Saheeh Bukhaari, Volume 3, Book 31, Number 148; Saheeh Muslim, Book 006, Number2452]5. ITS WISDOM - A DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN MUSLIMS & NON MUSLIMS
'Amr Ibn al-Aas reported that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: "The distinguishing featurebetween our fast and the fast of the People of the Book (christians and jews) is in the eating atthe time just before dawn (i.e suhoor)."[Ref: Muslim Book 6 Hadith 2413][Red: Sunan Al Nasaee, Vol 3 Book 2 Hadith 2168]Why should we distinguish ourselves from them?Allaah has forbidden the Muslims to imitate the disbelievers, and the Prophet (blessings andpeace of Allaah be upon him) spoke very sternly concerning that, as he said: “Whoeverimitates a people (Kuffar) is one of them.”[Ref: Narrated by Abu Dawood (4031) and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh SunanAbi Dawood]Note : The imitation here is in regards to those actions which are exclusively done by thekuffars because it is a part of their religion or culture. it may be clothes (christian nuns) ormay be a festival (Christmas, Holi etc) or may be their beard (jewish or sikh beard) or etc. Theimitation here includes any and every action or behavior found similar with the non Muslims insuch regards that if a Muslim copies that, he may or could be liable of being understood orperceived as a Non muslim and then this would become haraam.In the case of "electricity, housing, shoes and etc" it does not come under imitation becausethese things are not related to the religious practices and rulings of the kuffar, rather theseare merely basic necessities or scientific explorations and the likes of it. To know this ruling indetails click on the below link :Link1 : Learn more about what includes imitation and what does not6. ITS EXCELLENCE (THE SUHOOR IS BLESSED)Abdullah Ibn Haarith said that one of the Sahabah (companion) said: 'I entered the house of the Messenger (SAW) whilst he was taking the Suhoor (pre-dawn meal), and he (SAW) said:"Indeed it (the Suhoor) is blessing that Allah has given to you so do not leave it out, even if oneof you just takes a (gulp) of water, since Allah sends mercy and His angels seek forgivenessfor those who take the suhoor"[Ref: Ahmad]Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet the Messenger of Allaah(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Eat suhoor for in suhoor there is blessing.”[Ref: Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1923; Muslim, 1059][Ref: Sunan Al Nasaee , Vol 3, Book 2 , Hadith 2152]It was narrated that AL-'Irbad bin Sariyah said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah inviting peopleto have Sahur in Ramadan. He said: 'Come to the blessed breakfast." (Hasan)[Ref: Sunan Al Nasaee Vol 3 book 2 hadith 2165 and another narration in 2167]7.ANGELS SEND BLESSINGS ON THOSE WHO OBSERVE SUHURAbu Sa'eed al-Khudree said that the Messenger (SAW) said: "Eating the Suhoor is blessed. Donot neglect it even if you take a gulp of water, because Allah and His angels invoke blessingsupon those who partake in the pre-dawn meal."
[Ref: Musnad Ahmad].8. RASOOL (S.A.W)'S FAVIORATE FOOD IN SUHOOR The Messenger (SAW) said: "The best Suhoor for the believer is dates."[Abu Dawood, Al-Baihaqee and Ibn Hibbaan, Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 2345; Saheeh al- Targheeb, 1/448)]Note: This does not mean that we cannot or should not eat anyting else !9. WHEN SHOULD WE STOP EATING? OR TILL WHEN CAN WE DO SUHOOR?
and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the blackthread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall”[al-Baqarah 2:187]It was narrated that Abu 'Atiyyah said: "I said to 'Aishah:' Among us there are two men, one of whom hastens Iftar (i.e is quick in opening his fast) and delays Sahur (eats suhur until dawnor fajr adhan), and the other (person) delays Iftar (i.e breaks his fast late) and hastens Sahur(stops eating suhoor early) . ' She said; 'Which of them is the one who hastens Iftar and delaysSahur?' I said: "Abdullah bin Masud. ' She said; 'This is what the Messenger of Allah used todo. "'[Ref: Sunan Al Nasaee, Vol. 3 Book 2 , hadith 2161, 2160 and etc]Narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that Bilaal used to give the adhaanat night, and the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Eatand drink until Ibn Umm Maktoom gives the adhaan, for he does not give the adhaan until thedawn comes.”[Ref: Al-Bukhaari (1919) and Muslim (1092)]Ibn Mas'ud (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying The Adhan of Bilal should not restrain anyone among you from eating Sahur (lastmeal before daybreak during the month of Ramadan) for he announces Adhan (or he calls) at(the fag end of) the night to make him turn who stands for prayer among you, and to awakenthose who are sleeping among you. And he said: The dawn is not like it, as one says (and helifted his hand) till he (dispersed his fingers) and said: It is like this.[Ref: Sahih Muslim, Book 6, Hadith 2404]View of Muhadiths and Islamic Jurists :Imam Nawaawi (r.h) says :We have stated that if dawn breaks and a person has food in his mouth, he should spit it outand complete his fast. If he swallows it after knowing that dawn has come, his fast isinvalidated. There is no difference of scholarly opinion on this point. The evidence for that isthe hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar and ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with them both), according towhich that Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Bilaalgives the call to prayer at night, so eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktoom gives the call toprayer.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim. There are many ahaadeeth in al-Saheeh withsimilar meanings.

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