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Komunikasi data dan network

Komunikasi data dan network

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Published by andi arfian

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Published by: andi arfian on Aug 27, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/06/2012

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Data Communication and NetworkChapter -2
Compile by Zafar Ayub
 C o p y i   g  t  e v i   s  ef   o a f   a  y  u b  (   a f   a  _ a  y  u b  @ o t m a i  l   . c  om )  
1
 
Network Protocol
Copyright revised for Zafar Ayub(zafar_ayub@hotmail.com)2
A protocol is a set of rules that governs the communicationsbetween computers on a network. In order for two computers totalk to each other,they must be speaking the same language.
These rules include guidelines that regulate the followingcharacteristics of a network; access method, allowed physicaltopologies,types of cabling,and speed of data transfer.
Many different types of network protocols and standards arerequired to ensure that your computer (no matter which operatingsystem, network card, or application you are using) cancommunicate with another computer located on the next desk orhalf-way around the world.
 
Types of Network Protocols
Copyright revised for Zafar Ayub(zafar_ayub@hotmail.com)3
¢
Network protocols also known as
Network Technologies
, the mostcommon network protocols are;
¢
Ethernet (LAN protocol; architecture developed by Xerox,DEC,and Intel in 1976)
¢
Local Talk ( network protocol that was developed by AppleComputer,Inc.for Macintosh computers)
¢
Token Ring ( patented by IBM in 1981, is a network protocolthat employs token-passing between computers arranged in alogical ring network)
¢
FDDI (set of ANSI and ISO standards for data transmission onfiber optic lines in a local area network (LAN) that can extendin range up to 200 km (124 miles).
¢
ATM (
ATM
is a high-speed networking standard designed tosupport both voice and data communications. ATM is normallyutilized by Internet service providers on their private long-distance networks)

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