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Archaeology by the (Far) East in the West

Archaeology by the (Far) East in the West

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Published by: archaeology_mania on Aug 27, 2012
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Katsuyuki Okamura
Akira Matsuda
New Perspectives in GlobalPublic Archaeology
Katsuyuki OkamuraOsaka City Cultural Properties AssociationOsaka, Japanarc-alc@zeus.eonet.ne.jpAkira MatsudaSchool o World Art Studiesand MuseologyUniversity o East AngliaNorwich, UKakiramtsd@gmail.comISBN 978-1-4614-0340-1e-ISBN 978-1-4614-0341-8DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-0341-8Springer New York Dordrecht Heidelberg London
Library o Congress Control Number: 2011934971© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011All rights reserved. This work may not be translated or copied in whole or in part without the writtenpermission o the publisher (Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 233 Spring Street, New York,NY 10013, USA), except or brie excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis. Usein connection with any orm o inormation storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computersotware, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereater developed is orbidden.The use in this publication o trade names, trademarks, service marks, and similar terms, even i theyare not identifed as such, is not to be taken as an expression o opinion as to whether or not they aresubject to proprietary rights.Printed on acid-ree paperSpringer is part o Springer Science+Business Media (www.springer.com)
167K. Okamura and A. Matsuda (eds.),
 New Perspectives in Global Public Archaeology
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-0341-8_13, © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011
Since archaeology was established as a discrete eld o study, a certain proportiono archaeological excavations have always been carried out by “oreigners,” orexperts rom outside the country where the material remains to be investigated lie.With the progress o globalization, an increasing number o archaeologists havecrossed borders or their work, and today it is no longer unusual or them to goabroad to initiate and undertake an excavation project.Rationales or these international projects are usually presented in scientic terms:or example, the importance o studying specic types o structures or objects thatcan be ound only in certain parts o the world. Here, the question o where archae-ologists come rom is oten disregarded, and instead there is a corresponding empha-sis on the universal signicance o understanding the past o humanity. From thisviewpoint, the “internationality” o the excavation project is to be welcomed on theground that it leads to a broadening o the perspective o archaeological studies.Postcolonial critiques o archaeological practice, however, have strongly challengedthe underlying premises o the international excavation project. They contend that thesupposedly impartial and innocent character o the project is oten based on the politicaland economic inequality between the host country and the archaeologists’ country o origin, and that it thus contributes to perpetuating the exploitation o the past o thedominated by the dominant on the global scale. For example, Gero (2006: 128) argues:
There are very ew instances in which archaeological teams rom a wealthy country under-take work in a host country that is equally or more wealthy than itsel. More oten, oreignarchaeological research is undertaken in host countries that have considerably less wealthand ewer scientic resources. Why should this be so, and is this an acceptable agreement?A. Matsuda (
)School o World Art Studies and Museology, University o East Anglia,Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UKe-mail: akiramtsd@gmail.com
Chapter 13
Archaeology by the (Far) East in the West:What Do Local People Think If JapaneseArchaeologists Excavate the “Villaof Augustus” in Italy?
Akira Matsuda

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