JIEDDO BAA 12-03
Rapid Development of New Methods to Enable the Defeat of Potassium Chlorate Based Improvised Explosive Devices
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Description of Opportunity:
JIEDDO seeks capabilities to defeat improvised explosivedevices (IEDs) that are employed against US Forces and the threat networks that produceand employ those IEDs. With respect to homemade explosives (HME), which are oftenused to create main charges for IEDs, JIEDDO is seeking to identify and developenablers that can provide the ability to locate,
avoid and neutralize IEDs containing non-standard explosives compounds in order to reduce effective attacks. Under this BAA,JIEDDO is soliciting proposals for the development of innovative capabilities to defeatPotassium Chlorate (PC)-based IEDs. Potassium Chlorate is a common and uniqueprecursor chemical used to create HME for use in IEDs. Proposals must address one of the following requirements:A.
Additives and methods to disrupt the manufacture of PC-based HME. (See Section II)B.
A method for standoff detection of potassium chlorate based HME and precursorsduring transport, manufacture and IED emplacement. (See Section III)C.
A means or method to improve the detection of low or zero metallic content initiatorscontaining potassium chlorate. (See Section IV)D.
Additives and methods for increased detection / identification. (See Section V)E.
A means or method to render a PC-based IED or PC containing HME safe forhandling, movement and transportation. (See Section VI)F.
Improved spectral detection of PC, such as Long Wave Infrared (LWIR) anddetection methods utilizing other regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. (SeeSection VII)G.
Methods or technologies enhancing intelligence related to threat networks utilizing,distributing or deploying PC containing HME (See Section VIII)H.
Focused, short-term (i.e. 3-6 months), enabling ground truth studies that will definethe signatures and available observables for PC-based IEDs, as well as aid in thedevelopment of capabilities to counter these threats. (See Section IX)
ADDITIVES and METHODS to DISRUPT the MANUFACTURE OF PC BASEDHME
Potassium chlorate-based HME is produced by mixing PC, a strong oxidizer, with a suitablefuel. Typical fuels include sugar, hydrocarbons such as fuel oil, wood meal and sulfur.Additives that increase the difficulties inherent to illicitly processing PC into HME aredesired. Additives that increase the logistical burden associated with processing PC into
HME are also desired. In this context, “logistical burden” includes, but is not limited to the
cost, labor, time and equipment associated with the acquisition, storage and use of PC as anHME precursor. Simple diluents notwithstanding, additives that lead to a reduction in the