2Timothy P. Griffin, Liz Kramer, Leonard, Street and Deinard Professional Association,Minneapolis, Minnesota; andDaniel B. Kohrman, AARP Foundation Litigation, Michael Schuster, AARP,Washington, D.C., for amicus curiae AARP.Sara R. Grewing, City Attorney, Gerald T. Hendrickson, Deputy City Attorney, SaintPaul, Minnesota, for amicus curiae City of Saint Paul.Mark A. Jacobson, Paul A. Banker, Kelly G. Laudon, Carrie Ryan Gallia, Lindquist &Vennum P.L.L.P., Minneapolis, Minnesota, for amicus curiae Citizens for ElectionIntegrity
Minnesota.Michael O. Freeman, Hennepin County Attorney, David C. Brown, Senior AssistantCounty Attorney, Minneapolis, Minnesota, for amicus curiae Hennepin County
Nathan J. Marcusen, Bowman and Brooke LLP, Minneapolis, Minnesota;Zachary S. Kester (pro hac vice), Kaylan L. Phillips (pro hac vice), Noel H. Johnson (prohac vice), ActRight Legal Foundation, Washington, D.C.; andJ. Christian Adams (pro hac vice), Election Law Center, PLLC, Alexandria, Virginia, foramicus curiae Minnesota Majority.Erick G. Kaardal, William F. Mohrman, Mohrman & Kaardal, P.A., Minneapolis,Minnesota, for amici curiae State Senator Scott J. Newman and State RepresentativeMary Kiffmeyer.________________________S Y L L A B U S1. Permissive intervention of the Minnesota House and Senate is appropriatewhen the intervenors present common questions of law and fact with the present action.Intervention of a nonprofit organization is inappropriate, however, when
the entity’s only
interest in the proposed constitutional amendment at issue is lobbying for passage and the
entity’s interests will be adequately represented by the House and Senate intervenors.