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enSEMANA número 80

enSEMANA número 80

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Published by: Darío Franco Medina on Aug 28, 2012
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08/30/2013

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did da{||k eõd e eõd cev{kqxe k` ie|abe hk ceMokqxe V|d}o`aoec hkc O`)ioj|e`xk ex|ek|å e iockq hk }oq)oxe`xkq u{k cckje|å` e ce |kjoñ`ve|e o`xk|od|owe|qk eak|ae hk ceqadioheq xévoaeq# cdq x|egkq# cei÷qoae y ceq he`weq x|ehoaod`e)ckq hk ceq adckaxo}ohehkq krx|e`) gk|eq |ehoaeheq k` Lk|oqqd.Hkqhk beak 1; eõdq# h{|e`)xk kc ikq hk qkvxokil|k y beqxecdq v|oik|dq héeq hk dax{l|k# ceq<6 adckaxo}ohehkq e||eojeheq k`Lk|oqqd }oqxk` hk adcd| ceq aecckqhk kqe ao{heh.Ceq eaxo}ohehkq adik`we|å`kc qålehd 5 y hdio`jd < hkqkvxokil|k ad` ce |kecoweaoñ`hkc Aeivkd`exd hk M÷xldcO`xk|)Adckaxo}ohehkq k` ceq o`)qxeceaod`kq hkc Aeivo`j \ka)|kexo}d hk ce Qdaokheh Cox{e`e–@ki{`eq’ K` xe`xd kc 8 hkqkvxokil|k# v|kaoqeik`xk kc–Hée @eaod`ec hkc O`ioj|e`xk’#e ceq 52766 bd|eq# qk |kecowe|åkc X|ehoaod`ec K`ak`hohd hkce Cceie ]dxo}e y ce Vdqxe hkcO`ioj|e`xk ve|xok`hd hk ceAdckaxo}oheh Bkcï`oae y Vcexñ`hk 2 y 5=8# ve|e ad`ac{o| ad`ce Lk`hoaoñ` e cdq v|kqk`xkq k`kc o`oaod hk ce Mokqxe hkc O`io)j|e`xk# ec voï hkc Id`{ik`xdhk cdq O`ioj|e`xkq# {loaehd k`kc Ve|u{k Aé}oad hk E}k`oheId`xk}ohkd k`x|k 56 y 55.Kc qålehd 2 hk qkvxokil|k eceq 5;766 bd|eq# xk`h|å c{je| ce–Ie|exñ` hkc O`ioj|e`xk’ k`kc Ve|u{k Aé}oad# ad`ac{yk`hdceq eaxo}ohehkq hk ce gd|`ehee ceq <5766 bd|eq ad` ce Dl|eXkex|ec –Ld|jkq y Vk|ñ`’# ad`ce eax{eaoñ` hk ]éaxd| Cevceak yGke` Vok||k @dbk|# k` kc E`xk)ex|d hk ce Kqa{kce hk K`qkõe`weIkhoe @· 5 –\e÷c Qaecel|o`oD|xow’ hk aecck 56 y 5=?.
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C
e o`meaoñ` eve|kakhkqhk beak {` c{qx|dadid kc v|o`aovec v|dl)ckie ec u{k xdhe}ée kc eax{ecidhkcd kad`ñioad `d be vd)hohd k`ad`x|e|ck {`e qdc{aoñ`.Qk x|exe hk {` k`ñik`d u{kex|e}okqe boqxñ|oaeik`xk e cdqe|jk`xo`dq y u{k vd| cd xe`xdjk`k|e k`ak`hohdq hklexkqxe`xd k` ce eaehkioe adid k`kc ao{hehe`d hk e vok. Qo lok` kqaok|xd u{k ce |ka{vk|eaoñ` hk ceiea|dkad`diée vd| ve|xk hkcKqxehd )e ve|xo| hkc hkqk`hk{)heiok`xd krxk|`d y kc ecxd `o}kchk |kqk|}eq) k}oxñ {` v|dakqdhk kqvo|ocoweaoñ` adid q{akhoñk` ceq hïaeheq hkc qkxk`xe ydabk`xe# ce }ojk`aoe hk {` ecwevk|ie`k`xk hk v|kaodq v|d}dae{`e k|dqoñ` k` kc vdhk| ehu{oqo)xo}d hk cdq eqece|oehdq. Hkqhk ced|xdhdroe kad`ñioae# cdq idxo)}dq u{k krvcoae` kqxk k`ñik`dqd` qokiv|k cdq ioqidq7 {`ekrejk|ehe kioqoñ` id`kxe|oe y{` hkqikhohd e{ik`xd hk cdqqece|odq. Qo` kile|jd# hkqhkkqxeq vk|qvkaxo}eq `d qk qdqceyekc k`ñik`d u{k xok`k u{k }k| ad` ce ad`ak`x|eaoñ` k` ecj{)`dq qkaxd|kq hk ce kad`diéeu{k ckq vk|ioxk ad`}k|xo|qk k`d|iehd|kq hk v|kaodq y vd| cdxe`xd u{khe|qk ad` –ce ve|xk hkcckñ`’ hk xdhe ce aehk`e.Kc ecoik`xe|od kq {`d hk cdqqkaxd|kq k` cdq u{k qk he` ceqq{leq iåq qoj`oaexo}eq hk v|k)aodq y ec u{k g{qxeik`xk iåqhkqxo`e q{q o`j|kqdq ceq aceqkqvdv{ce|kq. V|kaoqeik`xk# k` kqxk|{l|d kq hd`hk kroqxk {`e {k|xkad`ak`x|eaoñ` k` aok|xdq kqcel)d`kq hk ce aehk`e hk v|dh{aaoñ`y {`heik`xecik`xk k` ce hkadik|aoecoweaoñ`. Vd| kgkivcd#ceq qkoq v|o`aoveckq aehk`eq hkq{vk|ik|aehdq k bovk|ik|aehdqie`kge` kc 2?+ hk ceq }k`xeqhk cdq v|dh{axdq ecoik`xoaodq. Qkx|exe hk {` k`dik`ec v|dakqd hkad`ak`x|eaoñ` qo qk xok`k k` a{k`)xe u{k e `kq hk ce hïaehe hkc‟26 xk`ée` q{ ve|xoaoveaoñ` k|ehkc ;6+. –Kc a|kaoiok`xd hkcq{vk|ik|aehoqid be jk`k|ehd{` k`d|ik vdhk| hk hkaoqoñ`hk kqxk qkaxd| ye u{k a{k`xead` {`e }k`xege `e`aok|e u{k`d qk he k` `o`j{`e dx|e eaxo}o)heh hk ce kad`diée7 adiv|e` e?6 héeq y adl|e` e 16’# eqkj{|e\dlk|xd H}dqno`# kad`dioqxehk ce [`o}k|qoheh hk Qe` E`h|kqy kr Q{lqka|kxe|od hk Adik|aodO`xk|od| k` kc jdlok|`d hk \e÷cEcd`qé`. –Vd| kc j|ehd hk ad`)ak`x|eaoñ` u{k xok`k` y kc ie`k) gd qdl|k ceq kiv|kqeq ikhoe`eq yaboaeq# beak` {`e {k|xk v|kqoñ`qdl|k cdq v|dh{axd|kq y ie`kge`kc v|kaod qkj÷` cdq u{k ckq v{khkhe| ce hkie`he’# adivckxe. Cdqhexdq hkc O`hka qd` ad`x{`hk`x)kq7 ce |e`akqe Ae||kd{| vdqkkkc <?+ hkc ik|aehd> ck qoj{k kcj|{vd abock`d Ak`adq{h "G{ild/ad` kc <5+> k` xk|ak| c{je| j{|eAdxd ad` kc <6+> a{e|xd eve|kakce |e`akqe Aeqo`d "q{vk|ik|aehdColk|xeh/ ad` kc :+> cd ioqidu{k Ce E`ñ`oie y qkrxe qk {loaece kqxehd{`ohk`qk Zec Ie|x ad`kc ;+ hk ve|xoaoveaoñ` k` kc ik|)aehd.
C
eq id}oheq ej{eq hk ce v|d)}o`aoe hk L{k`dq Eo|kq `dqokiv|k qd` }oqxeq ad` cdqioqidq dgdq. Ecj{`dq qk hkqjeõo)xe` a|oxoae`hd ce ad||{vaoñ` y# qo`kile|jd# k` ce vk|akvaoñ` hk cdqld`ek|k`qkq# evk`eq hdq hk aeheaok` a|kk` u{k kqd kqxå ec xdvkhk cdq v|dlckieq k` kc hoqx|oxd. Ceo`qkj{|oheh# kc ve|abk lexohd vd| ce v|k`qe dvdqoxd|e# kq# vd| ckgdq#}o}ohd adid kc v|o`aovec v|dlckie.K` kccd ado`aohk` kc =<#=+ hk cdqk`a{kqxehdq. I{y ckgdq u{khekc qkj{`hd xkie7 qñcd kc 5?#<+a|kk u{k –ce hkqda{veaoñ`$x|e)legd v|kae|od$legdq qece|odq’ "eqé#xdhd g{`xd/ ad`qxox{yk kc v|oik| v|dlckie hk cdq ld`ek|k`qkq. K`ce vk|akvaoñ` qdaoec# evk`eq 5<hk aehe 566 k`x|k}oqxehdq a|kk`u{k ce kh{aeaoñ` d ce o`meaoñ`qd` cdq eq{`xdq u{k ckq adivcoae`iåq ce }ohe. Xdhe}ée u{khe ve|ece qdaodcdjée u{k qk hkhoae e cdqkqx{hodq a{e`xoxexo}dq hkqk`x|e)õe| vd| u{ï kq –ce o`qkj{|oheh’ cdu{k qk hoqve|e adid v|oik|e |k)qv{kqxe hk ceq e`j{qxoeq d v|dlck)ieq u{k q{|k` cdq ld`ek|k`qkq.Eccé qk g{`xe`# qkj{|eik`xk# cdq|dldq y b{|xdq |keckq ad` ceq oiå)jk`kq hk cdq `dxoaok|dq.Hk ecjd `d aelk h{heq7 kqxdqkqx{hodq hklk|ée` qoqxkiexowe|qkhk {` idhd u{k vk|ioxe qkve)|e| ce vege hkc x|ojd y vk|ioxe he| ikgd|kq |kqv{kqxeq e cd u{k# vd| ieyd|ée el|{iehd|e# ad`qxox{ykce vk|akvaoñ` hk cdq v|dlckieqqdaoeckqOiejk` hk ho|ojk`xkq. @d beyh{he hk u{k kc jdlk|`ehd| He`)okc Qaodco ad`qx|{yk ve|xk hk q{oiejk` v÷lcoae eqdaoehe e –ce c{)abe ad`x|e ce hkco`a{k`aoe’ y u{kq{kck idqx|e|qk e cdq ikhodq k`dvk|exo}dq hd`hk cdq xkck}ohk`xkqhklk` a|kk| u{k ce Ld`ek|k`qkk`ad`x|ñ h|dje d kqace|kaoñ hkco)xdq# e{`u{k `d ck hk |kq{cxehdq.Hkqhk ye# Qaodco }e vd| q{ qkj{`)hd ie`hexd y qk|ée |ohéa{cd kr)vcoae| q{ ad`x{`hk`xk :8#8+ hkoiejk` vdqoxo}e# y k` kccd qk leqece ad`qx|{aaoñ` hk q{q v|ñroidqveqdq vdcéxoadq7 xk`k| o`gk|k`aoek` ceq ae`hohex{|eq e ckjoqcehd|kqv|d}o`aoeckq y `eaod`eckq k` ceqkckaaod`kq hk <651 y# hehd u{k`d kqxå belocoxehd ve|e {` xk|ak| ie`hexd k` ce jdlk|`eaoñ`#e}e`we| ad` {`e ae`hohex{|ev|kqohk`aoec beaoe <65;.Ce k`a{kqxe |k}kce u{k k` cevk|akvaoñ` hk cdq ld`ek|k`qkq#kc }é`a{cd k`x|k kc jdlk|`e)hd| y ce V|kqohk`xe kq vk|aolohdieyd|oxe|oeik`xk "k` {` ;8+/adid –`kjexo}d’. Kq hkao|# eq{)iohd kc ad`moaxd k`x|k eildq#kq k}ohk`xk u{k ce oiejk` hk ceV|kqohk`xe kq i{y ecxe "=6#8+hk oiejk` vdqoxo}e/. Adid hexdehoaod`ec# kc kqx{hod |k}kce u{k ceoiejk` hk Qaodco kq ieyd| e ce hkce V|kqohk`xe k`x|k cdq beloxe`xkqhk cdq ve|xohdq ikhoe`dq y aboadqhkc o`xk|od| hk ce v|d}o`aoe# k`)x|k ceq vk|qd`eq hk ieyd| kheh#k`x|k u{ok`kq xok`k` ecxd `o}kckh{aexo}d y k`x|k u{ok`kq v|k)k|k` o`d|ie|qk vd| ikhodq hkadi{`oaeaoñ` cojehdq ec J|{vdAce|é`# kc hoe|od Ce @eaoñ` { dx|dqqk|}oaodq o`d|iexo}dq ohkdcñjoae)ik`xk e`kq.Kqxd |kqvd`hk e q{ l{k`eoivdqx{|e# e q{ hoqa{|qd ad`aoco)ehd| y `{`ae ej|kqo}d# e u{k kqxåeqdaoehd ad` kc ïroxd hkvd|xo}d#e ce q{vk|eaoñ` vk|ie`k`xk hkce ecxe hkc l|ewd hk|kabd y# qo`h{he# e {` l{k` x|exeiok`xdikhoåxoad# xe`xd hk ikhodq ak|)ae`dq ec no|ab`k|oqid adid hkcdq vdhk|dqdq ikhodq dvdqoxd|kq.´Ie`xk`h|ée `o}kckq xe` ecxdq hkoiejk` kc jdlk|`ehd| qo `d kqx{)}ok|e xe` v|kqk`xk k` ceq kqak`eqvdcoaoeckq y qo `d x{}ok|e kc l{k`x|exd hk cdq ikhodq dvdqoxd|kq4Kc bkabd# k` qé`xkqoq# kq u{k Qaodcoiohk lok`. K` `÷ik|dq v{|dq iåqu{k A|oqxo`e. _ xeiloï` kq {`bkabd u{k ce qdaokheh k`x|k kccdqhdq kq vk|aolohe adid ad`moaxdy `d adid adceld|eaoñ` vd| ceieyd|ée hk cdq k`a{kqxehdq.Ieqqe# Iea|o# Idye`d y Eco)aoe N. Ec o`xk`hk`xk hk Xoj|k# Qk|)jod Ieqqe# cd ad`dak` kc 2:+ hkcdq ld`ek|k`qkq y `{k}k hk aehehokw "2?#2+ hk cdq ad`q{cxehdqu{k cd ad`dak`/ cd }k` hk d|ievdqoxo}e. Kq gd}k`# veqñ vd| kc jd)lok|`d `eaod`ec y e{`u{k qk {kvkckehd bdy ie`xok`k {` }é`a{cdi{y ad|hoec xe`xd ad` ceq e{xd)|ohehkq hk ce v|d}o`aoe "Qaodco/adid ad` ceq hk ce @eaoñ`. Kqhkao|# }e e xk`k| {`e v|kqk`aoeoivd|xe`xk k` ceq kckaaod`kq hk<651 ad` v|dykaaoñ` e ceq ad`)}k|qeaod`kq hk <65;. Ieqqe kq{` `dil|k oivd|xe`xk. Ie{|oaodIea|o hklk qk`xo| u{k xe` iec `dck }e7 hk ea{k|hd e kqxk kqx{hod#{`d hk aehe hdq ld`ek|k`qkq}k` ec gkk hk Jdlok|`d vd|xkõdad` l{k`dq dgdq "8?#:+/. Qo`kile|jd# bey u{k eõeho| u{k ceioqie ad`q{cxd|e# k` {`e k`)a{kqxe hk hoaokil|k hk <655# cdxk`ée ad` {`e oiejk` vdqoxo}e`kxe hkc ;?#2+> d qke u{k bdyvk|hoñ 56 v{`xdq vd|ak`x{eckq#aeqo {`e u{o`xe ve|xk hk q{ oie)jk` vdqoxo}e.Cd ioqid# Iea|o kqxåleqxe`xk vd| k`aoie hk M|e`aoqadhk @e|}åkw "8<#<+/# u{k q{vdad`qx|{o| q{q leqkq k` xk||oxd|odld`ek|k`qk. B{jd Idye`d xok`k{`e oiejk` vdqoxo}e "hkc 15#5+/vk|d qk |kqu{kl|ege e`xk ce v|k)j{`xe hk –qo cd }dxe|ée’ ve|ehov{xehd k` <651. Qñcd kc =#:+cd be|ée ad` qkj{|oheh y evk`eq{` =#<+ ad`xkqxe u{k –u{owå cd}dxe|ée’.I{y o`xk|kqe`xk ce vk|akvaoñ`hk cdq ld`ek|k`qkq qdl|k EcoaoeNo|ab`k|7 ad`daohe vd| qokxk hkaehe hokw beloxe`xkq hk ce v|d)}o`aoe# xok`k {`e oiejk` vdqoxo}ehk hdq xk|aodq hk cdq ld`ek|k`qkq"=;#5+/. Qo` h{heq# hk ae|e e ceqckjoqcexo}eq hk <651 y e ce ad`)}k|qeaoñ` qdl|k ceq ae`hohex{|eqhk <65;# ce bk|ie`e hk @ïqxd| No|ab`k| xok`k {` c{je| oivd|)xe`xk k`x|k cdq ld`ek|k`qkq.
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