commission created to investigate the violence would be independent. “The government believesit is very important to answer the public’s ques-tions about the April and May incidents,” he said.“Regardless o the investigation’s ndings, the go-vernment will assume its responsibility.”“The gures don’t lie,” ormer Prime MinisterThaksin Shinawatra’s lawyer, Robert Amsterdam,told Reporters Without Borders. “The number o journalists and stretcher-bearers killed or woun-ded shows a dramatic lack o concern or the saety o civilians. Indiscriminate useo violence was widespread. And we have witnesses whotell us that journalists weretargeted. We are in the pro-cess o conrming these ac-counts and the government will have to respond to these charges (...) Most o the dead and wounded were among the Red Shirts.That clearly shows where the violence was coming rom (...) And we have no condence in the politi-cal will to establish the truth.”Since agreeing to conduct an investigationinto the April and May violence in Bangkok, thisinternational lawyer has been banned rom ente-ring Thailand.
RulEs Of EngagEmEnT and cEn-sORshiP
Was the high number o journalists killed or wounded due above all to a combination o un-ortunate circumstances – the presence o many journalists (some o them not suciently trainedor equipped), very violent armed clashes in anurban environment, and the act that the Thaisoldiers were not adequately trained, above all indealing with unarmed civilians? Or was there anintention to kill and wound journalists, including oreign journalists?Soldiers used weapons o war to re on unar-med civilians including journalists in the nal dayso the confict,” said a European journalist who was on the streets o Bangkok. “There were clearly no rules o engagement and the soldiers were letto their own devices.” The oreign ministry’s spo-kesman nonetheless insists that there were spe-cic rules o engagement: “Ater the attack on ourunarmed soldiers on 16 April, the army receivedauthorisation to use live rounds against armed RedShirts, these amous men in black. The rules wereannounced to the soldiers. The army was denitely not told to target civilians.” Another issue o importance or Reporters Without Borders was the reinorcement o Thaimedia censorship and sel-censorship. Taking ad-vantage o the imposition o a state o emergency,the authorities, above all the Centre or Resolutiono the Emergency Situation (CRES), censored news websites such as Prachatai. Asked about this, o-reign ministry spokesman Thani said the govern-ment accorded a great deal o importance to pressreedom but “the circumstances called or mediaresponsibility.///
inquiry into crimes against media
thailand / thailand //
a i ii i :
1. Death o Italian reelance photographer Fabio Polenghi2. Death o Japanese cameraman Hiroyuki Muramoto, who worked or Reuters3. Injury o Nelson Rand, a Canadian reporter working or France 24 TV4. Censorship o the Prachatai news website5. Fire at Channel 3 headquarters in Bangkok 6. Endangering o New York Times photo-stringer Agnès Dherbys7. Injury o Jo Subin, a Thai photographer with the newspaper Matichon8. Injury o Canadian reelancer Chandler Vandergrit9. Account o a oreign correspondent who requested anonymity10. Injury o Chaiwat Pumpaung, a Thai photographer with The Nation
The cross-fre was very intenseat that moment. There was nolonger any restraint on the part oeither the soldiers or the UDD »
Military coupoverthrows Prime MinisterThaksin Shinawatra ollowinganti-Thaksin Yellow Shirtprotests
Electoral victoryby Thaksin’s allies
State o emer-gency declared in Bangkok ater clashes between RedShirt and Yellow Shirt activists
Oppositionleader Abhisit Vejjavija isappointed prime minister byparliament ater the rulingparty’s dissolution
Thaksin urges hisallies to stand up to the govern-ment. Tens o thousands o RedShirts gather in Bangkok andnorthern Thailand.
The supremecourt seizes more than halo Thaksin’s assets ater heis ound guilty o abusing hispolitical position in order toenrich himsel
Thaksin’ssupporters occupy severalareas o Bangkok, demandingnew elections and Abhisit’sresignation
State o emergencydeclared
Twenty people, inclu-ding a Japanese cameramanand fve soldiers, killed inarmed clashes.
Renegade generalSeh Daeng killed by a sniperwhile giving an interview tojournalists
Sixteen people, inclu-ding Italian journalist FabioPolenghi, are killed in the fnalarmy assault on the Red Shirtcamp. Several buildings inthe capital are gutted by fresstarted deliberately. Dozens oRed Shirt leaders and activistsare arrested.