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Administration of an Achievement Test

Administration of an Achievement Test

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Published by manu sethi

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Published by: manu sethi on Aug 29, 2012
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01/30/2013

 
HKD@J@^[SH[@EJ EF HJ HNA@GVGDGJ[ [G^[
Ahv`ji }sg}hsgk h ieek {g~{" pew ~aewbk }bhj {e hkd`j`~{gs `{ `j ~wna h yhp {ah{" ghna ef pews ~{wkgj{~ y`bb ke a`~% ags cg~{*
De{`vh{`ji ~{wkgj{~ `~ vgsp `d}es{hj{" hjk {a`~‐ `~ hj hsgh `j ya`na ghna {ghnags 
y`bb ahvg a`~%ags eyj ~}gn`hb {gnaj`xwg*@f pew nhj ig{ pews ~{wkgj{~ {e ~gg {a`~ {g~{ h~ hj `j{gsg~{`ji hjk nahbbgji`ji {h~l" ya`na y`bb cgjgf`{ {agd" {agp y`bb ~wsgbpke ygbb* Bg{ {agd wjkgs~{hjk {ag hkvhj{hig~ ef {ag nbh~~ {g~{ Dhlg {agd wjkgs~{hjk {ah{ ~wna {g~{~ agb} {agd {e ig{ hfggkchnl ej {ag`s yghljg~~g~ hjk d`~wjkgs~{hjk`ji~" ya`na nhj cg nessgn{gk cgfesg {agp fhng gq{gsjhb gqhd`jh{`ej~*Gq}gs`gjng ah~ ~aeyj {ah{ ~{wkgj{~ yae hsg i`vgj fsgxwgj{ nbh~~ {g~{~ hjk hsg ~wcogn{gk {e nej{`jwew~ h~~g~~dgj{ ke cg{{gs`j gq{gdhb gqhd`jh{`ej~* Kg{h`bgk }bhjj`ji `~ jgng~~hsp h~ hjp nejfw~`ej `j {ag hkd`j`~{sh{`ej ef h {g~{ `~ fewjk {e k`~{wsc{ag gqhd`jgg hjk beygs {ag vhb`k`{p ef {ag sg~wb{~* ^edg {`}~ {e cg lg}{ `j d`jk ya`bg }bhjj`ji fes {ag hkd`j`~{sh{`ej ef h{g~{ hsg i`vgj cgbey?
h) [`dg ^nagkwbg
Cg ~wsg pew }bhj pews {`dg ~nagkwbg nhsgfwbbp" gj~ws`ji {ghnags hjk }w}`b sghk`jg~~* Dwna }sg}hsh{`ej dhp cg kejg h khpcgfesg* @{ y`bb cg y`~g {e ~nagkwbg gjewia {`dg fes cs`gf`ji {ag `jv`i`bh{es~* @f {agsg `~ h kghkb`jg fes f`j`~a`ji hjk bghv`ji{ag seed !g*i*" {ag gjk ef h nbh~~ }gs`ek" cg g~}gn`hbbp ~wsg {e }bhj fes hkgxwh{g {`dg h{ {ag gjk fes {ag {a`ji~ ya`na dw~{ cgkejg* Gvgj y`{a h ~dhbb nbh~~ {ag~g {hlg f`vg {e {gj d`jw{g~" hjk y`{a h bhsig isew} {agp dhp {hlg h{bgh~{ f`f{ggj d`jw{g~* Hah~{p y`jk$w} dhp sg~wb{ ` j jej$fwbf`bbdgj{ ef {ag ecogn{`vg~ ef {ag {g~{" es e{ags k`~h~{gs~*
c) [ag Seed
@{ `~ `d}es{hj{ fes hjp gqhd`jh{`ej {e }sev`kg h xw`{g" nedfes{hcbg h{de~}agsg" `j ya`na {ag ~{wkgj{~ hsg gjnewshigk {e ke{ag`s cg~{* H~ dwna h~ }e~~`cbg" {sp {e {g~{ `j h xw`g{ }bhng y`{a h d`j`dwd ef k`~{shn{`ji je`~g~* Hve`k seed~ jghsnhfg{gs`h~" `d}es{hj{ ahbbyhp~" }bhp`ji f`gbk~ es e{ags je`~p }bhng~* Sgxwg~{ jghscp bewk~}ghlgs eyjgs~ {e ~aw{ {agd eff fes{ag kwsh{`ej ef {ag gqhd`jh{`ej aews~* Ahji ~`ij~ ej {ag kees" ~hp`ji #GQHD@JH[@EJ @J ]SEISG^^ ? KE JE[K@^[WSC#* Ecogn{`vg gqhd`jh{`ej~ igjgshbbp sgxw`sg desg `j{gj~g nejngj{sh{`ej {ahj g~~hp {p}g gqhd~* [ag bh{{gskgdhjk hj gqng~~ ef }ap~`nhb gjkwshjng !{sp`ji {e ys`{g fh~{ gjewia {e lgg} w} y`{a ejg)~ {aewia{~* Ecogn{`vg {g~{~ sgxw`sgnej~{hj{" nhsgfwb hjk ns`{`nhb {a`jl`ji hjk sgh~ej`ji" y`{a h d`j`dwd ef }ap~`nhb yesl 
N) Kg~l~ G{n
*Sgdgdcgs {ah{ {ag ~{wkgj{~ y`bb cg ys`{`ji ej h ~`jibg $ {a`nljg~~ hj~ygs ~agg{" je{ h {a`nl hj~ygs ceel* Cg ~wsg {agys`{`ji ~wsfhng~ hsg h{ bgh~{ >= q >1 nd*" hjk h~ ~dee{a h~ }e~~`cbg* @f {agsg hsg nshnl~ es ~nsh{nag~ h ~{wkgj{)~ }gjn`b dhp}w~a {asewia {ag hj~ygs ~agg{" ~}e`b`ji `{ hjk dhl`ji `{ ahsk {e dhsl* Hb~e cg ~wsg {ag seed `~ nbghs ef hjp nahs{~" }e~{gs~"g{n* {ah{ d`ia{ agb} ~edg nhjk`kh{g~*
k) Gxw`}dgj{ 
@{ `~ y`~g {e dhlg w} h nagnl$b`~{" haghk ef {`dg" ef yah{ pew y`bb ahvg {e {hlg y`{a pew {e {ag ) gqhd`jh{`ej ahbb* Cg ~wsg{e `jnbwkg nahbl {e ys`{g jgng~~hsp je{`ng~ ej {ag cbhnl cehsk* @f { a g g `~ s`e cbhnl cehsk dhlg w} }bhnhsk~ es }e~{gs haghkef {`dg* Hb~e `jvg~{ `j h kezgj es ~e ~ef{ }gjn`b~" }sgfgshcbp y`{a gsh~gs~* [a`~ `~ `j nh~g ~edg ~{wkgj{~ !h cs`ji ahsk}gjn`b~" !ya`na dhlg {ag hj~ygs ~agg{ dwna ahskgs {e ~nesg" es !c csghl h }gjn`b hjk kej){ ahvg h ~}hsg }gjn`b* Fes gqhn{{`d`ji ef {ag {g~{ !dwna desg `d}es{hj{ fes ecogn{`vg {g~{~ `{ `~ cg{{gs {e ahvg {ye yh{nag~ es nbenl~" `j nh~g ejg ~{e}~*
g) @jv`i`bh{es~
Fes hjp{a`ji desg {ahj hj `jfesdhb" ahbf$}gs`ek xw`z" pew y`bb }sechcbp jggk {ag agb} ef ejg es desg `jv`i`bh{es~* Nae~g}gs~ej~ yae hsg y`bb`ji {e i`vg {ag`s fwbb h{{gj{`ej {e {ag {h~l* Jg`{ags pew jes pews `jv`i`bh{es~ ~aewbk {hbl" sghn{" nessgn{}h}gs~ es ke hjp e{ags yesl kws`ji {ag gqhd`jh{`ej {`dg* [agp ~aewbk ec~gsvg nbe~gbp" n`snwbh{`ji nej~{hj{bp" nagnl`ji
 
{ah{ {ag ~{wkgj{~ hsg hj~ygs`ji `j {ag s`ia{ }bhng" w~`ji ~ef{ }gjn`b~" je{ ne}p`ji g{n* Aeygvgs" {agp ~aewbk je{ aevgs {eebeji evgs hjp ~{wkgj{" h~ {a`~ dhlg~ {ag gqhd`jgg jgsvew~*
^NES@JI HJK SGNESK@JI EF [G^[ SG^WB[^
Kg~}`{g {ag ecogn{`v`{p ef ~nes`ji ~aes{ hj~ygs {g~{~" ngs{h`j }sengkwsg~ hsg `jk`~}gj~hcbg `f ~nes`ji `~ {e cg kejg y`{adhq`dwd hnnwshnp hjk gff`n`gjnp* [ag jgng~~`{p fes gq{sgdg nhsg `j ~nes`ji ah~ cggj `jk`nh{gk cp ~gvgshb ~{wk`g~~aey`ji {ah{ ~nes`ji gsses~ ennws y`{a h}}hbb`ji fsgxwgjnp* #Nej~{hj{
— gsses~
nhj cg kwg {e fh`bwsg {e wjkgs~{hjk~nes`ji k`sgn{`ej~" y`{a sg~wb{hj{ ~nesg~ ya`na hsg nej~`~{gj{bp {ee bey es {ee a`ia* #Vhs`hcbg# gsses~ nhj cg kwg {e*nhsgbg~~jg~~ `j dhsl`ji" hkk`ji" ned}w{`ji" es {shj~ns`c`ji ~nesg~* [ag~g gsses~ yhsshj{ !8 {ag nhsgfwb {sh`j`ji hjk`j~{swn{`ej ef ~nesgs~ hjk !3 {ag sg~nes`ji ef h{ bgh~{ h ~hd}bg ef hjp isew} ef {g~{ ceelbg{~ es hj~ygs ~agg{~*
 
Eskgs ef ^nes`ji
Y`{a g~~hp {g~{~ `{ dhp cg kg~`shcbg {e ahvg ejg }s ~ej ~nesg hbb hj~ygs~ {e {ag f`s~{ xwg~{`ej" {agj {e {ag ~gnejk" hjk ~e ej*@f" fes ecogn{`vg {g~{~ ~g}hsh{g hj~ygs ~agg{~ hsg }sev`kgk" {ag ~nesgs ahp ~nesg h i`vgj }hig `j hbb ceelbg{~ f`s~{" {agj {agjgq{ }hig" hjk ~e ej" sh{ags {ahj ~nes`ji hbb ef ejg ceelbg{ cgfesg ie`ji ej {e {ag jgq{* @f ~e dhjp ceelbg{~ dw~{ cg ~nesgk{ah{ ~gvgshb ~nesgs~ hsg jggkgk" ghna }gs~ej dhp ~}gn`hb`zg ej h i`vgj }hig es isew} ef }hig~ ef {ag ceelbg{ cw{ ~aewbk~nesg ejbp ejg }hig `j hbb ceelbg{~ h{ h {`dg*
 
 Sg~nes`ji
Y`{a h bhsig jwdcgs ef ceelbg{~ {e cg ~nesgk hjk ~wff`n`gj{ agb} hvh`bhcbg" `{ `~ hbyhp~ yes{aya`bg {e sg~nesg {agd ~eh~ {e gb`d`jh{g gsses~ {ah{ e{agsy`~g hsg hbde~{ `jgv`{hcbg `j h nbgs`nhb {h~l b`lg {a`~* @f ned}bg{g sg~nes`ji `~ je{ fgh~`cbggvgsp f`f{a es {gj{a ceelbg{ ~aewbk cg sg~nesgk {e ig{ h sewia `kgh ef {ag fsgxwgjnp h `k dhij`{wkg ef ~nes`ji gsses~*Sg~nes`ji h ~hd}bg ~edg{`dg~ wjnevgs~ ~wna hj `jhnnwshnp h~ {e dhlg `{ kg~`shcbg {e sg~nesg {ag sgdh`jkgs*
 
Lgg}`ji Sgnesk~
H~ ~eej h~ }e~~`cbg hf{gs {ag {g~{~ ahvg cggj hkd`j`~{gsgk" {ag hj~ygs ~agg{ ~aewbk cg nagnlgk* hjk ~nesgk" hjk {ag ~nesg~~aewbk cg sgneskgk ej {ag }gsdhjgj{ sgnesk~ ef {ag ~naeeb* Ghna {ghnags ~aewbk cg i`vgj ne}`g~ ef {ag ~nesg sg}es{~ fes {ag}w}`b~ `j a`~%ags nbh~~g~* W~whbbp ~naeeb~ ahvg ~edg {p}g ef }gsdhjgj{ sgnesk fes ghna }w}`b ya`na }sev`kg~ ~}hng fessgnesk`ji ~{hjkhsk`zgk {g~{ sg~wb{~*[ag fesd `j ya`na {g~{ sg~wb{~ hsg sgneskgk `~ ef{gj dghj`jibg~~ {e hjpejg gqng}{ {ag }gs~ej~ sgnesk`ji {agd* ^edg{`dg~}gsdhjgj{ sgnesk~ fes h }w}`b nej{h`j ~wna `jfesdh{`ej h~ {ag febbey`ji?@X 8=; Dh{agdh{`n~ 09Sghk`ji 61 ^n`gjng 0>Yah{ ke {ag~g ~nesg~ dghj 5 Yah{ {g~{ ef `j{gbb`igjng yh~ w~gk 5 Yah{ yh~ `{~ ~{hjkhsk kgv`h{`ej5 Hsg {ag Sghk`ji"Dh{agdh{`n~ hjk ^n`gjng ~nesg~ {ag shy ~nesg~" }gsngj{`bg shjl~" es ~hdg e{ags {p}g ef ~{hjkhsk es kgs`vgk ~nesg5 Wjbg~~{ag nwdwbh{`vg sgnesk nej{h`j~ ned}bg{g `jfesdh{`ej hcew{ {ag {g~{ hjk {ag {p}g ef ~nesg" {ag gffes{ `jvebvgk `j nhssp`ji ejh {g~{`ji }seishd" ~nes`ji {ag {g~{~" hjk sg}es{`ji {ag ~nesg~ `~ }shn{`nhbbp yh~{gk* @f {ag sgnesk~ hsg {e ahvg vhbwg" {agfebbey`ji dw~{ cg `jk`nh{gk ? {g~{ {`{bg" fesd ef {ag {g~{" kh{g yagj {ag {g~{ yh~ i`vgj" {ag shy ~nesg es ~{hjkhsk ~nesg" hjk}gsngj{`bg shjl wjkgs }se}gsbp `kgj{`f`gk nh}{`ej~* Yagj }gsngj{`bg shjl~ hsg sg}es{gk" {ag isew} ej ya`na {ag jesd~ ygsg
 
ch~gk ~aewbk cg `kgj{`f`gk $ fes gqhd}bg" jh{`ejhb" ~{h{g" k`~{s`n{" benhb" es e{ags isew} $hjk k`g jh{wsg ef {ag isew} ~aewbk cg~}gn`f`gk*
ISHK@JI ^P^[GD
@j ishk`ji g~~hp sg~}ej~g~ hsg dw~{?8*
 
W~g h}}se}s`h{g dg{aek~ {e d`j`d`zg {ag gsses*3*
 
]hp h{{gj{`ej ejbp {e ~`ij`f`nhj{ hjk sgbgvhj{ h~}gn{~ ef hj~ygs>*
 
Cg nhsgfwb je{ {e bg{ }gs~ejhb `k`e~pjnsh~`g~ hffgn{ ishk`ji*;*
 
H}}bp wj`fesd ~{wkgj{ {e hbb {ag }h}gs~*
[ag hna`gvgdgj{ `~ kgf`jgk `j {ag fesd ef jwdgs`nhb ef bg{{gs ishkg~" ghna ef ya`na kgje{g~ h ngs{h`j bgvgb ef }gsfesdhjng" igjgshbbp je{ `j hc~ebw{g {gsd~ cw{ `j sgbh{`ej {e {ag }gsfesdhjng ef {ag yaebg isew}"H~ ~{h{gk hcevg" ishk`ji `~ g~~gj{`hbbp dghj{ fes nh{gies`z`ji ~{wkgj{~ `j{e h fgy hc`b`{p isew}~ ej {ag ch~`~ ef {ag`s}gsfesdhjng `j {ag gqhd`jh{`ej* [agsg hsg {ye h}}sehnag~ {e fesdh{`ej ef isew}~ {ah{ kgf`jg {ag ishkg~ !h ej {ag ch~`~ ef hc~ebw{g dhsl~ hjk !c ej {ag ch~`~ ef sgbh{`vg dhsl~ es shjl eskgs ef dhsl~* Bg{ w~ ~gg yah{ {ag~g sjghj hjk hb~e nej~`kgs{ag`s dgs`{~ hjk kgdgs`{~*
 Hc~ebw{g Ishk`ji
[a`~ h}}sehna `jvebvg~ k`sgn{ nejvgs~`ej ef sjhsl~ `j{e ishkg~* Yah{gvgs cg {ag k`~{s`cw{`ej ef dhsl~ `j h ~wcogn{" {ag dhsl~cg{yggj {ye f`qgk }e`j{~ ej =$8== ~nhbg yewbk nessg~}ejk Be h i`vgj ishkg* Hj gqhd}bg ef [a`~ `~ {ag nh{gies`zh{`ej ef ~{wkgj{~ `j{e 7 isew}~ $ K`~{`jn{`ej" 8~{* 3jk" >{k K`v`~`ej hjk fh`b nh{gies`g~ ej {ag ch~`~ ef dhsl~ h~ febbey~ ?97 es hcevg ? K`~{`jn{`ej6= $ 9; ? @~{ K`v`~`ej;7 $ 70 ? 3jk K`v`~`ej>> $;; ? >sk K`v`~`ejCgbey >> ? Fh`b@{ `~ }e~~`cbg {e fesd hjp jwdcgs ef isew}~ {e nessg~}ejk {e ishkg~ !H"C"N g{n* `j {a`~ yhp ej {ag ch~`~ ef dhsl~* Aeygvgs"`j v`gy ef {ag k`~}hs`{p `j {ag k`~{s`cw{`ej ef dhsl~ ef k`ffgsgj{ ~wcogn{~" Ishkg H ef ejg ~wcogn{ nhjje{ cg {sgh{gk h{ }hsy`{a Ishkg H ef hje{ags ~wcogn{ {aewia Ishkg H `~ ch~gk ej {ag ~hdg nw{eff }e`j{ `j ce{a {ag ~wcogn{~* Fes gqhsj}bg" `f `{`~ kgn`kgk {e hyhsk Ishkg H {e {ae~g ~nes`ji 0=' es sjesg yah{gvgs cg {ag ~wcogn{" {agsg dhp cg je ~{wkgj{ ig{{`ji IshkgH `j Gjib`~a es a`~{esp ya`bg xw`{g h fgy y`bb cg ig{{`ji ishkg H `j Dh{agdh{`n~* @j h ~gj~g `{ ejbp ~gsvg~ h~ h ~wc~{`{w{g fes`jk`v`kwhb dhsl`ji ~p~{gd gqng}{ {ah{ `{ i`vg~ h jwdcgs ef hc`b`{p isew}~*
Ned}hsh{`vg Ishk`ji ?
[a`~ `jvebvg~ nejvgs~`ej ef dhsl~ `j{e ishkg~ ej 8b8g ch~`~ ef shjl eskgs es }gsngj{`bg~* @j {a`~nh~g {ag k`~{s`cw{`ej ef dhsl~ `~ {hlgj `j{e nej~`kgsh{`ej ya`bg kg{gsd`j`ji {ag shjig ef dhsl~ nessg~}ejk`ji {e k`ffgsgj{ishkg~* Fes gqhd}bg" {ag {e} 7' ~{wkgj{~ dhp cg i`vgj ishkg H" {ag jgq{ 8=' ishkg C hjk ~e ej* Agsg {ag hn{whb nw{$eff ~nesg fes ishkg H `j ejg ~wcogn{ dhp cg xw`{g k`ffgsgj{ fsed {ah{ ef hje{ags ~wcogn{* @j {a`~ nh~g {ag ishkg {ah{ h ~{wkgj{ ig{~kg}gjk~ ej a`~%ags) sgbh{`vg }gsfesdhjng" {ah{ `~" ej yah{ a`~%ags dhsl~ hsg `j sgbh{`ej {e {ag dhsl~ ef e{ags~* [a`~ {p}g ef ishk`ji hn{whbbp nessg~}ejk~ {e jesd$sgfgsgjngk {g~{`ji
 

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