This essay will compare and contrast two psychological approaches and discusshow they are relevant within mental health nursing practice. The author will begin bygiving an outline of both approaches. The two approaches are the cognitive behavioural approach and the humanistic approach. Then the author will compare andcontrast both these approaches taking into account the different aspects andsimilarities of both. With this in mind the author will then discuss how these two particular approaches are relevant within mental health nursing when working in theMental Health Services.
Cognitive behavioural approach
To get an understanding of this approach it is best to break the two approacheswithin this one approach into their separate areas and then bring them together.“The word cognitive comes from the latin word cognare, meaning ‘to know.’Hence, cognitive psychology is the study of the behaviour of knowing or thought.”(Balota and Marsh, 2004, p.1). Cognitive psychology is the study of the higher order of mental functioning such as intelligence, thinking, language, memory and decisionmaking. During the 1950’s events such as the growth of the computer usage caused arise of the cognitive science. According to psychologists such as Alan Newell andHerbert Simon the brain processed information like programs of the computer (Gazzaniga, 2006). Within cognitive approach the person’s schema is of importance.Schema is the person mental notes that influence how they perceive and interpretevents in their lives. Their schema is formed from past experiences; this can be alteredor may be incorrect, which can lead to faulty thinking (Rana and Upton, 2009). This1