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Pressure Ulcer Risk Factors And Appropriate Assessment Tools: A Literature Review

Pressure Ulcer Risk Factors And Appropriate Assessment Tools: A Literature Review

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An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Laura Coyne. Originally submitted for Research Project (Theory) at National University of Ireland Galway, with lecturer Ms Claire Welford in the category of Nursing & Midwifery
An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Laura Coyne. Originally submitted for Research Project (Theory) at National University of Ireland Galway, with lecturer Ms Claire Welford in the category of Nursing & Midwifery

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 29, 2012
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10/27/2013

 
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Pressure ulcer risk factors and appropriate assessment tools: A literatureReview.Laura Coyne07024711A Focused Literature Review submitted to theSchool of Nursing and Midwifery,National University of Ireland,GalwayAs part requirement for the degree of Bachelor of Nursing ScienceOf TheNational University of Ireland, GalwayDecember, 2010
Supervisor: Ms Claire Welford
 
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School of Nursing and MidwiferyNational University of Ireland, GalwayDeclaration FormFocused Literature Review
A signed Declaration Form must be submitted with each copy of the Focused LiteratureReview.
Award:
Bachelor Of Nursing Science 4NG4
Title:
Focused Literature Review-Pressure Ulcer Risk Factors And AppropriateAssessment Tools: A Literature Review-
Name:
Laura Coyne
 Student Identity No:
07024711
 Date Submitted
: 06/12/2010
Word Count:
4,400
 
I hereby declare this work is entirely my own and that I have acknowledged the writings,ideas and work of others. Furthermore I have not knowingly allowed another to copy mywork.
Signature: __________________________ Date: ________________
I hereby agree that the copy of my Focused Literature Review submitted to the School of Nursing and Midwifery, NUI, Galway should be available for consultations under theconditions laid down by the Head of School.
Signature: __________________________ Date:
 ________________
 
 
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Abstract
 This focused literature review
*
aims to critically review the literature in relation to the factorsthat predict pressure ulcer development. Another aim of this review involves analysing theliterature to assess which pressure ulcer risk assessment scale is most validated in terms of specificity, sensitivity and inter-rater reliability. The scales which will be discussed includethe Braden, Norton and their modifications as well as the Waterlow Scale.
 
Although 95% of pressure ulcers are preventable they still remain a huge health care burdenin terms of cost and on the quality of care patients receive (Clark, 2002 and Fox, 2002).Therefore, it is vital that nurses are educated on the different predictors for pressure ulcerdevelopment. The literature highlights several different risk factors associated with pressureulcer development. It also illuminates the importance of early recognition of these predictorsin order to implement appropriate preventative interventions.Risk assessment scales are used to aid nurses in accurately identifying patients at risk of pressure ulcer development. The research reports that there is no evidence indicating that theuse of risk assessment scales decreases pressure ulcer incidence. However it has beenidentified that the use of scales in conjunction with clinical judgement increases the intensityand effectiveness of prevention interventions.A critique of the literature focusing on the risk factors for pressure ulcer development and themost validated and reliable risk assessment scale available will assist nurses in informingtheir practice through being able to identify at risk patients using the best tool available. Thiswill allow nurses to put a preventative strategy in place contributing to a high quality of care.
*
Literature Review:
is an organised written presentation of what has been published by scholars. Its purpose is to conveyto the reader what is known in relation to the topic.
 

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