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Horizontal Loadings of Liquid concrete on skew arches.

Horizontal Loadings of Liquid concrete on skew arches.

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An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Eoin Allen. Originally submitted for Final year project at University College Cork, with lecturer Vikram Pakrashi in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences
An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Eoin Allen. Originally submitted for Final year project at University College Cork, with lecturer Vikram Pakrashi in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 29, 2012
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10/27/2013

 
University College Cork
Coláiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh 
Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering
Horizontal Loadings of Liquid Concrete on SkewArches
Paul Anthony CahillEoin Thomas AllenSupervisor: Dr. Vikram PakrashiSubmitted as part of BE (Civil) degree
 
1.
Introduction 
Currently there are no guidelines in the field of arch design pertainingto lateral forces in liquid concrete acting on precast arches, which areto be used in road bridge construction. The aim of this project is to setup and design working models which will have an applied horizontalload, as a result of the liquid concrete. A case model which isreferenced in our investigations is the Leenane Bridge in countyGalway. The bridge itself, before being newly constructed, was over100 years old but in 2008 was destroyed by severe flooding and rains.The bridge was rebuilt in 2009 and was increased in size. The bridgeconsists of 3 precast arches which rest on in situ reinforced concreteabutments. During construction problems relating to the lateral forcesassociated with liquid concrete arose, due to no direct guidelinespertaining to arch design being in circulation. Through the use of detailed models using a finite elements programme Strand7 and withthe use of Excel programmes, varying parameters such as bridgedimensions and characteristics are accounted for and modelled toproduce different horizontal loadings. From these horizontal loadingsBending moments in both X and Y axis will be obtained. With this, aseries of data charts and graphs are created to display the maximumhorizontal loadings to be withstood by the given arch. With a set of tables or graphs the failure modes can be achieved. In particular theserviceability state of cracking is a vital mode of failure, which foraesthetic purposes must be avoided. Using the obtained charts,guidelines for arch design can be created and thus these modes of failure avoided or seen how to be avoided in terms of added dimensionsor strength characteristics. There will be seven varying parameters withregards to our arch model.
 
 
Figure 1.1 A picture of a bridge in the west of Ireland which will act a model for ourcase study.
1
 Figure 1.1 A 3-D generated model of one precast arch with layers of concrete beingpoured as a time.

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