that of the areas of world trade, anti-dumping has received the most press attention in China.
Before the enactment of the Foreign Trade Law in 1994 (FTL 1994), China did not have anyanti-dumping laws. Regulations to flesh out the substantive and procedural issues wereenacted in 1997. Since this time China has engaged in numerous actions in the area.According to the Secretariat of the WTO, initiations of anti-dumping investigations are downoverall. China is still the largest target with a total of 23 investigations initiated during theperiod of January to June 2010 (down 30% on the same period in 2009).
Following this,when it came to measures imposed, China again was the largest target with 25 from a total of 59 measures being imposed on Chinese goods.
Since the 1990s, China has become the
foremost anti-dumping investigation targetand remains the most frequent subject of anti-dumping investigations
This is somewhat
inevitable when one considers the sheers size of China‟s population and freq
uent claims of poor labour standards, which allows them to produce goods at very cheap rates. Vermulststates that China is by far the biggest victim of anti-dumping measures,
indicating that theChinese may not be entirely innocent when it comes to undercutting foreign prices with theirexports.Xioachen Wu notes that the converse is also true, in that China is a primary initiator of anti-dumping investigations Wu highlighted that in 2002, a year after WTO accession, China had
Thomas Weishing Huang,
“The Gathering Storm of Antidumping Enforcement in China”
(2002) 36(2) J.World Trade 255 at 255.
WTO Press Releases,
„WTO Secretariat reports drop in anti
dumping investigations and measures‟
-http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres10_e/pr623_e.htm (accessed 10 December 2010).
Xioachen Wu, „
dumping Law and Practice of China‟
(Wolters Kluwer, 2009) at 1.
„The WTO Anti
Dumping Agreement: A Commentary‟
(OUP, 2005) at 5.