contrast to the European norm, Islam expresses an unquestioned ‘submission’ to Godin all aspects of life, with little intention of separating mosque and state. The religiousdoctrine of
- the obligation of believers to proselytise - provides inspiration for the Islamization of the continent. The thought of
(divine law) and itsimplementation in particular ignites fright among the secular, through its religious-inspired repression of women and punishments among other provisions. The fact thatgrowing numbers of migrants tend to identify themselves neither with their country of origin nor host country, but with Islam, implies a potential clash of identities as wellas values. In times of exclusion and deprivation one’s affiliation with Islam can act asa mark of pride and likewise as a means of expressing resentment. For Michaels,European countries are ignoring what he calls a demographic time bomb: a recentrush into the EU by Muslim migrants that will, within a matter of decades, transformthe continent beyond recognition. Here Michaels cites far-reaching implications for labour, housing, and welfare.
Already Muslim school textbooks employed in certainhost states have been denounced as containing “messages of hatred, incitement of violence and other reprehensive teachings” against the West.
The emergence of political Islam, writes Tibi, seeks to displace the West rather thanlive amicably side by side with it.
The separation of Muslims through socio-economic and political marginalisation is creating a threat to Europe from within. Avolatile mix of European nativism and immigrant dissidence challenges ‘societalsecurity’, or national cohesion. To make matters worse, writes Leiken, the veryisolation of these diaspora communities obscures their inner workings, allowing
to fundraise, prepare, and recruit for jihad withfreedom available in few Muslim countries. Unlike the tumble of nationalities thatmake up the American Latino community, Leiken continues, “the Muslims of Western Europe are likely to be distinct, cohesive, and bitter. In Europe, hostcountries that never learned to integrate newcomers collide with immigrants
Michaels, A. Muslim Europe: the demographic time bomb transforming our continent,
Al-Ahmed, A. ‘This medieval Saudi education system must be reformed’
Tibi, B. ‘Europeanising Islam or the Islamization of Europe: Political democracy vs. culturaldifference’ in Timothy A. Byrnes and Peter J. Katzenstein (eds.) Religion in an expanding Europe, p.217