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An Investigation Into The Need For A Coordination Of Underground Services In Ireland.

An Investigation Into The Need For A Coordination Of Underground Services In Ireland.

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An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Liam Ryan. Originally submitted for Project at Trinity College, Dublin, with lecturer Brian Caulfield in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences
An essay for the 2011 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Liam Ryan. Originally submitted for Project at Trinity College, Dublin, with lecturer Brian Caulfield in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 29, 2012
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12/04/2013

 
1
 AnInvestigationIntoTheNeedForACoordinationOfUndergroundServicesInIreland.
 
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INTRODUCTION
ThisdissertationaimstoassesstheneedforacoordinationofundergroundservicesinIrelandandtorecommendadatabasenetwork,whichwouldindicatethelocationandtypeofserviceunderground.Thisdatabasewouldfocusonundergroundservicesandtheundergroundnetworkofexistingutilitiesincludingelectrics,gas,telecomsandenvironmentalservicessuchassewerageandwatermains.Whenitcomestoretaininginformationonexistingornewservices,itistheauthor’sbeliefthattheserviceprovidersandlocalauthoritiesarenotachievingastandardthatisappropriate.Itisalsotheauthor’sbeliefthatthecurrentsystemisfailinginrelationtothehighqualitycollectionandmappingofinformationbetweendevelopersandconsultants.Ifapoorcoordinationexistsbetweenprovidersandauthorities,andthemappingofservicesundergroundisnotavailabletoaqualitystandard,formatandavailability,theauthorbelievesthatitcouldhaveanegativeimpactonfuturedevelopmentsbyaddingdelaysandthereforesubstantialcosts.Thebenefitsofawell-conceiveddatabaseforallserviceswouldbeagreatassisttotheserviceprovidersandthelocalplanningauthorities.Thecollectionofthisbasicserviceinformationsuchaslocation,depthandtype,wouldhelparchitects,developers,utilitysuppliersandbuilderswhoallregularlyseekinformationonthelocationofexistingserviceswithinalocalauthority’sboundary.Theauthorrecommendssevenstepstoachievingthecoordinationoftheoutlinedutilityservicesandproposesthebestwaytomanage,fundandstaffanewlyformedsemi-statebody,theNationalUtilitiesBoard.
 
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LITERATUREREVIEW
Aspopulationhasincreasedandascitieshaveexpanded,therehasbeenanincreasedpressureonserviceproviderstomeetthedemand.Godard(2004)foundthattheuseoftheundergroundspacehasanimportantroletoplaywhentryingtosolvetheproblemsofcityexpansionandurbandevelopment.Thisresearchfoundthatitisbecomingmoredifficulttoplaceservicesbelowgroundasthespacebelowcitiesbecomescongestedandastheriskofcausingdamagetoexistingservicesincreases.TheliteraturereviewundertakeninvolvedtheinvestigationofutilitiesprovidedinIreland,whatutilityproviderscurrentlyexistandwhoholdsresponsibilityformaintainingthesenetworksandmappingthem.Forthepurposeofthisdissertation,theauthorfocusedonfourmainundergroundservices,whichincludedelectricity,gas,telecoms,andenvironmental.Theliteraturereviewalsoaimsidentifyandhighlightanygapsinthecurrentmanagementpolicies,guidelinesandpracticescurrentlyinusebythelocalauthority.Theliteraturereviewalsoinvestigatesthecurrentresearchcarriedoutinvolvingmethodsofdatacollectionandmappingthatcurrentlyavailablebothnationallyandinternationally.

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