literature and one of the most stressful life situations that individuals deal with on a daily basis is poverty. The Promoting Mental Health
Strategy and Action Plan 2003-2008,declare that “poverty, low wages, unemployment, poor housing and poor education havea substantial impact on people’s health”. Coming from a low income background leadsto many difficulties, firstly many individuals presenting with depression cite economicdifficulties as the cause of their illness according to the Promoting mental health and preventing mental illness report in Wales. Other associated problems are the possibilityof having a lower level of education coming from an economically challenged background with many people from such backgrounds not completing second leveleducation “early school-leaving remains a significant societal issue, predominantly for those from lower socio-economic backgrounds” (CPA 2009). Poor housing is alsocommon as cited by Patel & Kleinman (2003).
“The relationship between poverty and poor mental health may be mediated by a number of factors including the humiliationand insecurity of living in poverty.”
(Narayan et al., 2000). As we found earlier mentalhealth is supported by all dimensions of health and there is a strong correlation betweenlow economic status and physical illness. Evidence shows that a link between lack of physical health and mental illness exists, the WHO promoting mental health report(2005) introduces a number studies showing these links
“stress is related to thedevelopment of the common cold (Cohen, Tyrrell & Smith, 1991) and delays wound healing” (Kielcot-Glaser et al., 1999).
The report also highlights the link between physical ill health and mental ill health.
“heart disease and cancer can increase the risk of depression”
(Marmot & Wilkinson, 1999) Gender is the second most common risk factor found in literature. It plays an important role in susceptibility to mental illness;men are four times more likely to commit suicide and women Para suicide women are atgreatly increased risk of depression and anxiety and eating disorders. (Meltzer et al 1995;ONS 2001, Piccinelli and Wilkinson 2000).
“Women are much more vulnerable to arange of key risk factors for mental ill health, including poverty, unemployment, domesticviolence, sexual violence and rape and child sexual abuse”
(Gold 1998; Finkelhor 1994;Mulder et al 1998; Richardson et al 2002; Department of Health 2002) How men andwomen deal with their emotions is significant in the case of gender, men are slow to actwhen troubled and tend to deal with problems alone. Therefore gender becomes a risk