ABOUT THE BRENNAN CENTER FOR JUSTICE
The Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law is a non-partisan public policy andlaw institute that focuses on the fundamental issues of democracy and justice. Our work ranges from voting rights to campaign finance reform, from racial justice in criminal law to Constitutional protection in the fightagainst terrorism. A singular institution — part think tank, part public interest law firm, part advocacy group — the Brennan Center combines scholarship, legislative and legal advocacy, and communications to winmeaningful, measurable change in the public sector.
ABOUT THE BRENNAN CENTER’S DEMOCRACY PROGRAM
The Brennan Center’s Democracy Program works to repair the broken systems of American democracy. Weencourage broad citizen participation by promoting voting and campaign reform. We work to secure faircourts and to advance a First Amendment jurisprudence that puts the rights of citizens — not specialinterests — at the center of our democracy. We collaborate with grassroots groups, advocacy organizations,and government officials to eliminate the obstacles to an effective democracy.
The Brennan Center gratefully acknowledges the Democracy Alliance Partners, Educational Foundation of America, The Ralph and Fanny Ellison Charitable Trust, Ford Foundation, Anne Gumowitz, Irving HarrisFoundation, The Joyce Foundation, The JPB Foundation, Mitchell Kapor Foundation, John D. andCatherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Mertz Gilmore Foundation, Open Society Foundations, RockefellerFamily Fund, the State Infrastructure Fund, the Lawson Valentine Foundation, the William B. Wiener Jr.Foundation, and Nancy Meyer and Marc Weiss for their generous support of our voting work.I am indebted to many people at the Brennan Center for their support in writing this report. Wendy Weiserprovided invaluable insight and editorial guidance throughout the writing process as did Myrna Pérez, Larry Norden, and Desiree Ramos Reiner. Maria Da Silva contributed important research and administrativeassistance during the early stages of this project.Many law students also assisted in the research and drafting of this report. I am particularly grateful to Tamara Marshall, Rob Friedman, Matt Weprin, Ethan Smith, Angelica Cesario, and Shanna Reulbach. Andrew Tepper and Apeksha Vora, two undergraduate interns (and budding legal advocates) also contributed valuable research to this work. Finally, I am grateful to Akua Akyea, Robyn Acampora, and the Yale PublicInterest Program, whose support helped make this report possible.