Under Texas’s current election code, i.e., pre-SB 14, any Texan who wishes to vote mustfile a registration application with the county elections registrar. That application must includethe voter’s name, date of birth, and a sworn affirmation of U.S. citizenship. Tex. Elec. Code§ 13.002. If the application is approved, the registrar delivers a “voter registration certificate” tothe applicant, either in person or via U.S. mail.
§§ 13.142, 13.144. This “certificate”—actually a paper postcard—has no photograph, but does include a voter’s name, gender, year of birth, and a unique voter ID number. When presented at the polls, a voter registration certificateentitles the registrant to cast an in-person ballot.Registered voters who fail to present a voter registration certificate may nonetheless castan in-person ballot if they (1) execute an affidavit stating that they do not have their certificate,and (2) present an alternate “acceptable” form of identification.
§§ 63.008, 63.0101. Inaddition to a voter registration certificate, Texas’s current election code recognizes eight broadcategories of documents as “acceptable” voter ID. These include birth certificates, expired andnon-expired driver’s licenses, U.S. passports, U.S. citizenship papers, utility bills, “official mailaddressed to the person . . . from a governmental entity,” any “form of identification containingthe person’s photograph that establishes the person’s identity,” and “any other form of identification prescribed by the secretary of state.”
. § 63.0101. All in-person voters are subjectto these ID requirements regardless of age or physical condition. But certain voters—includingthose who are 65 or older, disabled, or expect to be absent or in jail on Election Day—maychoose to vote by mail without presenting identification.
. §§ 82.001-004.