An engineering approach to legionella control in Health Care Facilities
The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the legionella bacteria and itsimplications for the Health care sector from a building services engineering perspective. Therole of the building services engineer is crucial in the control of legionella as the engineer isinvolved from the initial stages of designing the water systems for a new building. Thebuilding services engineer may also be responsible for the on-going maintenance of the waterstorage and delivery systems in the role of Facilities Manager.Currently, legislation aimed at controlling the legionella bacteria is in place in Ireland andspecial precautions must be taken in Hospitals and other Health Care facilities. I will examinea Hospital in Ireland that has implemented a stringent legionella control programme and seewhat effect such a programme can have on the incidence of high legionella bacteria counts.Neither of the two Hospitals I have chosen for my case studies employ cooling towers as partof their ventilation process so I will concentrate more on the risks associated with the hot andcold water delivery systems as this area is now recognised to be particularly important from alegionella control point of view.Having examined the various control methods available, I will be able to draw conclusions asto their effectiveness and whether or not more needs to be done from both a legislative andpractical point of view to control the legionella bacteria.