P. 1
Fracking Technology in an Irish Context

Fracking Technology in an Irish Context

Ratings: (0)|Views: 75 |Likes:
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by David Lyons. Originally submitted for Civil Engineering at None, with lecturer Tiernan Henry in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by David Lyons. Originally submitted for Civil Engineering at None, with lecturer Tiernan Henry in the category of Engineering & Mechanical Sciences

More info:

Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less

10/27/2013

 
 David
2012
 
David
 
 A Final Year Report on Possible Future Hydraulic Fracturing in Ireland.
 
3/23/2012
Fracking Technology In AnIrish Context
 
 
Fracking Technology In An Irish ContextMarch 23, 2012
Page 2
 
Abstract
This is a report on hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) of shale gas that may occur in
Ireland over the next few years.We intended to write a report explaining the concept of hydraulic fracturing, itsbackground and the effects that hydraulic fracturing brings to the countries where it isused, both positive and negative.We believe we have achieved what we set out to do in the beginning, usinginformation from online sources, newspapers and reports, we have written a report on theuse of fracking technologies and put it into an Irish context, summarising the effects thatshale gas exploitation may have on both the Irish environment and economy.We hope that readers will find this report informative and useful, helping those tonot only understand what hydraulic fracturing is, but to also see the effects it can have inthe areas where it is used.
 
Fracking Technology In An Irish ContextMarch 23, 2012
Page 3
 
Table of Contents
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 5What is Fracking? .............................................................................................................. 5Fracking in Ireland ............................................................................................................. 5Why is Fracking an Issue? ................................................................................................. 6Brief History of Hydraulic Fracturing ................................................................................... 8Reasons behind Hydraulic Fracturing ................................................................................. 10Hydraulic Fracturing in the US ........................................................................................... 13Hydraulic Fracturing in Europe & the UK .......................................................................... 18Hydraulic Fracturing in Ireland ........................................................................................... 21Hydraulic Fracturing Process .............................................................................................. 26Well pad ........................................................................................................................... 27Drilling ............................................................................................................................. 28Well casing ...................................................................................................................... 29Perforating ....................................................................................................................... 33Site setup .......................................................................................................................... 34Fracking fluid ................................................................................................................... 36Waste water ...................................................................................................................... 42Effects of Hydraulic Fracturing on the Environment: ......................................................... 43Impacts on the Surrounding Landscape ........................................................................... 43Earthquakes ...................................................................................................................... 46Water ................................................................................................................................ 48Causes of Water Contamination: ................................................................................. 48Pollution of Water Due To Chemicals Added ............................................................. 51Pollution of Water with Methane ................................................................................. 54Water abstraction.......................................................................................................... 55Examples of Water Pollution ........................................................................................... 56

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->