In Ireland today, records demonstrate that people with Intellectual Disabilities are livinglonger (NIDD 2011). This increase in life expectancy though positive, is also accompaniedby associated physical and psychological changes which affect the health and social status of this group of people as they
. The most common physical changes affecting thisgroup of people include: an increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular and respiratoryillnesses, auditory and visual differences, and changes to bone health, affecting mobility.Indeed falls are identified as the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in olderpeople and can result in negative effects for the individual as well as putting pressure oncarers, the health system and the government (HSE 2008). Psychologically, fear of falling,dementia and depression can impact on the mobility of the older person. Specifically,declining mobility is classed as being one of the four main changes as experienced by theolder people with Intellectual Disabilities (Gates 2007). This review firstly explores thecurrent literature on the mobility status of older people with Intellectual Disabilities.Secondly, the multi-faceted physical and biological, psychological and social nature of predictors which affect mobilisation and ambulation are discussed. Thirdly, the importance of mobility assessment in the context of the older person with an Intellectual Disability ishighlighted. Finally, opportunities for supporting the older people with IntellectualDisabilities who are experiencing declining mobility are debated. These opportunities presentthemselves as preventative measures and interventions. Preventative measures such asincreased Vitamin D intake and the promotion of screening, and interventions such asphysical adaptations and aids focused on promoting independence are also debated. Throughthe review of the literature it becomes apparent that further research which explores the livedexperiences of individuals with Intellectual Disabilities who are currently experiencingdeclining mobility would be a great addition to the evidence available.