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Cervical Cancer screening behaviours of lesbian women in Ireland: a review of the literature.

Cervical Cancer screening behaviours of lesbian women in Ireland: a review of the literature.

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An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by aoife kearney. Originally submitted for General Nursing , with lecturer Dr. Fiona Timmins in the category of Nursing & Midwifery
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by aoife kearney. Originally submitted for General Nursing , with lecturer Dr. Fiona Timmins in the category of Nursing & Midwifery

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/27/2013

 
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Cervical cancer screening behaviours of lesbian women: areview of the literature.
 
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Table of Contents:
Title page………………………………………………………………..………...iiAcknowledgements……………………………………………………..………..iiiDeclaration………………………………………………………………..……....iiiTable of contents………………………………………………………..……….ivAbstract…………………………………………………………………….……..vIntroduction………………………………………………………………….……6Lesbian women’s perceived barriers to cervical cancer screening………...8Health promotion: the need for increased awareness………………………10The role of the nurse in facilitating expression of sexuality. ……...……….13Conclusion……………………………………………………………...……….14Reference List………………………………………………………..…...……16
 
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AbstractResearch into the health of lesbian women has been expandinginternationally since the early 1990s. In Ireland, both health policy andresearch into the LGBT population tends to focus on HIV/AIDs, men’s sexualhealth clinics and mental health, resulting in a deficit into knowledge of lesbianwomen’s health status and behaviours. This study focuses on the case ofcervical cancer screening behaviours of lesbian women in Ireland.Findings from 10 international studies are contextualized to Ireland usinghealth documents published by government agencies and departments.These studies are then compared to Gibbons
et al.
(2007), a piece ofqualitative Irish research exploring the needs and experiences of the Irishhealthcare system by 24 lesbian women.Barriers to accessing healthcare are identified by lesbian women. The mostcommon of these is heterosexism, which is prevalent in both international andIrish literature. Also discussed are: health promotion needs in this area andhow the nurse can facilitate patients in the expression of sexuality.Irish lesbian women demonstrate lower attendance rates for screening thantheir international counterparts, exacerbated by ambiguity in relation whetheror not screening is actually needed by women who have sex with women.Recommendations including increasing training of nursing staff in LGBThealth needs, health promotion strategies and cultural awareness is evidentthroughout these studies.In conclusion, nurses have an opportunity to influence health behaviours andperception of risk among clients. The health needs of lesbian women aredifferent than heterosexual women and nurses have a duty to recognize this,promote health and identify strategies to maintain wellness both in policy andin practice.

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