Britain such as a free trade market between the two islands and the payment of 2/17
sof imperial expenses, sending representative peers to the House of Lords and sending100 MP’s to the House of Commons in Westminster. Regarding the churches of England and Ireland were united as The United Church of England and Ireland.
TheUnion was to be the end of the Irish problem for Britain which had seen as threats toits security through violent rebellions throughout the eighteenth century, to be part of the expanding British Empire and for some to ‘refine’
the Irish people. It mattered because of the immediate changes it brought about (or did not bring about) in Ireland.The passing of the Act of Union was met with a considerable lack of appeal inIreland. Petitioning against the proposed union was widespread in Ireland, both beforeand after its passing by the Catholic and Protestant hierarchy, the local people, theProtestant Ascendancy and by the Irish MP’s of Grattan’s Parliament
. The Union wasalready forming opinions even before it was given Royal Assent. Paul Ruddacknowledges in 1799; ‘there is hardly a man in Ireland who has not already made uphis mind,’
and would this eventually lead on to the rise of nationalism within Irelandas the union did not recognise their differences. This essay will address the Act of Union through the short and long term effects it had on Ireland politically,economically, culturally and socially.
Articles I- VI, Act of Union, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/apgb/Geo3/39-40/67/contents
The English were indifferent to the Irish. Many in England saw the Irish as savage, barbaric, foolishand giddy. The Union, many hoped, would have a civilising nature on Ireland as they would learn some‘English refinement.’ T. Bartlett, ‘Britishness, Irishness and the Act of Union’, in D. Keogh & K.Whelan (eds.)
Acts of Union: The causes, contexts and consequences of the Act of Union
The clergy and Catholic hierarchy were involved in petitioning the Irish people. The politicalagitation in Grattan’s Parliament was led by John Foster, the Speaker of the House of Commons, alsoincluding Henry Grattan and Irish Patriot Whigs; cited in lecture Prof. Peter Gray 07/10/2010.
P. Rudd, ‘An Answer the Pamphlet entitled arguments for and against a Union’ (Dublin 1799), in D.Keogh & K. Whelan (eds.)
Acts of Union