Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
25Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Wastewater treatment and electricity generation using microbial fuel cells.

Wastewater treatment and electricity generation using microbial fuel cells.

Ratings: (0)|Views: 375 |Likes:
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Nigel O'Donoghue. Originally submitted for Environmental Science at National University of Ireland Galway, with lecturer Dr. Donal Leech in the category of Life Sciences
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Nigel O'Donoghue. Originally submitted for Environmental Science at National University of Ireland Galway, with lecturer Dr. Donal Leech in the category of Life Sciences

More info:

Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less

10/27/2013

 
 
1
 
WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND ELECTRICITYGENERATION USING MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS
Thesis submitted as part of the assessmentfor the award of B.Sc. (Honours)Environmental Science
March 2012
 
 
2
 Abstract 
 Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are devices that exploit microbial catabolic activities to generateelectricity from a variety of materials, including complex organic waste and renewablebiomass. These sources provide MFCs with a great advantage over chemical fuel cells thatcan utilize only purified reactive fuels (e.g., hydrogen). A developing primary application of MFCs is its use in wastewater treatment coupled with electricity generation, although furthertechnical developments are necessary for its practical use.The aim of this study was to test a novel MFC design for wastewater treatment andsimultaneous electricity production. Two identical MFCs of the design were used with highconcentration substrate synthetic dairy wastewater with 4g of COD (chemical oxygendemand) per litre. The MFCs were run continuously at sub-ambient temperatures (15
o
C) for35 days from the 19
th
of January-22
nd
of February
.
The hypothesis of the design was to bring MFC s closer to large scale industrialisation. Assuch the materials and mechanics of the design were conceived with the consideration of theneeds of large scale wastewater treatment plants.Many tests were carried out to assess the condition for the bacteria within the two MFCs suchas VFA, SMA as well as the continuous recording of voltage and COD removal efficiency.SEM and confocal microscopy was also carried out to describe the bacteria being used.Published works andrecent advances in MFC technologies that can become fundamentals forfuture practical MFC developments are reviewed and combined with the results of thisexperiment for evaluation and discussion.The MFC design proved successful in that it achieved 60% removal efficiency, the predictedtarget whilst producing relatively high values of electricity compared to other MFCs in theliterature with the max power per volume value for both MFCs 8.4W m
-3
. The coulombicefficiency for the two MFCs however was very low at only 2% due to the high concentrationof COD in the substrate. This means only 2% of the wastewater treated was converted intoenergy.
 
 
3AcknowledgementsFirstly, I would like to thank my parents as they have always put me first.I would also sincerely like to thank the following, my supervisor, Dr.Dónal Leech for hisencouragement, knowledge and constructive criticism. All the PhDs working down in theEnvironmental Chemistry Lab especially Peter and Domhnall for all their help especiallywhen it came to finding suitable distractions from thesis work.Special thanks to Partha who led me through this project, for all his effort, friendship andpatience over the past few months. Lastly I would like to thank my cousin Marie for her proof reading and my sister Ciara for all her help.

Activity (25)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
momos55 liked this
tonyagev liked this
haiob liked this
Altin Bogdani liked this
anbusanthi liked this
Nalini Ranjan liked this
Khushboo Vyas liked this
vk100 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->