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Table Of Contents

Summary
1. Introduction
1.1 Goal of the project
1.2 Existing situation
1.3 System criteria
1.3.1 Initial scope set by CCN Steering Group
1.3.2 Refined criteria
2. Existing legislation
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Environmental Permitting / Waste Management Licensing
2.2.1 Environmental Permitting Rules (Wales, England)
2.2.2 Waste Management Licensing (Scotland)
2.3 Planning regulations
2.4 Animal By-Product Regulation (ABP-regulation)
2.5 Sewage and sewage sludge regulations
2.5.1 Sewage
2.5.2 Sewage sludge
2.6 Gas safety regulations
2.6.1 Gas Safety
2.6.2 Explosive Atmospheres
3. Anaerobic digestion of (solid) waste
3.1 The anaerobic degradation processes
3.3.3 Temperature
3.3.4 pH
3.4 General aspects of digester technology
3.4.1 Retention time
3.4.2 Load
3.4.3 Dry matter content and mixing
3.5 Digester configurations
3.5.1 Fully mixed continuous systems
3.5.2 Plug flow systems
3.5.3 Batch systems
3.5.4 Accumulation systems
3.5.5 Dry digestion
3.5.6 Practical considerations
3.6 Potential problems
3.6.1 Acidification
3.6.2 Scum layer
3.6.3 Foaming
3.6.4 Sediment layer
4. Existing small scale digesters
4.1 Fixed dome (China-type)
4.1.1 Basic principle
4.1.2 Polyethylene dome
4.2 Floating dome (India-type)
4.2.1 General concept
4.2.2 ARTI Compact Biogas Plant
4.2.3 Water jacket plant
4.3 Bag design (Taiwan)
4.4 Prefabricated digesters
4.5 Pilot scale self-built digesters
4.5.1 Simple digester with floating drum gas storage
4.5.2 Inclined barrel digester
4.5.3 Biorealis digester
4.5.4 Inner tube digester
4.6 Research digesters
4.6.1 Wheelie bin digester
4.6.2 University of Southampton and Greenfinch Ltd
4.7 Small digesters currently applied in practice in Western Europe
4.7.1 Black water treatment
4.7.2 Portagester®
4.8 Auxiliary equipment
4.8.1 Reducing input particle size
4.8.2 Hygienisation
4.8.3 Heating of the digester
4.8.4 Pumps
4.8.5 Biogas treatment, storage and use
4.8.6 Digestate storage and use
5. Characteristics and digestibility of possible substrates
5.1 Food waste
5.2 Green waste
5.3 Animal manure
5.4 Domestic wastewater (sewage)
5.5 Glycerine
6. Treatment scenarios
6.1 Community Centre and Growing project
6.2 All on-site
6.3 City farm and Urban Community centre
6.4 Locally centralised processing of food waste
7. Discussion
7.1 Legislation
7.2 Substrate pre-treatment
7.3 Digester configuration
7.4 Biogas production and use
7.5 Treatment and use of digestate
8. Proposed small scale anaerobic digester system
8.1 Digester dimensions
8.2 Plant layout
8.3 System components - Slurry
8.4 System components - Biogas
8.5 Transport of material between components
9. References
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Small Scale AD for CCN Phase1 Report

Small Scale AD for CCN Phase1 Report

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Published by pmurph

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Published by: pmurph on Aug 30, 2012
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09/20/2013

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