Freedom from Five Sources of Misery
Patanjali Yoga Sutras - Knowledge Sheet 19
Patanjali, in the next yoga sutra, beautifully analyses the fully blossomed state of consciousness.
"Klesha karmavipakashayairaparamrushtaha purushavishesha ëshwaraha"
= fruits of action;
= that special self;
=God."God is that special Self who is free from affliction, action, fruit of action, impression anduntouched by events."- Patanjali Yoga Sutra
That core of consciousness is free from the five causes of suffering.
What are the types of suffering?
One type of suffering is ignorance or
. When your consciousness is filled with ignorance, then
there is restlessness, there is unhappiness and suffering. Misery is due to ignorance. Ignorance isgiving importance to something that is not worth the importance. Ignorance is thinking somethingthat is changing to be permanent or imagining something to be joyful which is not joyful. Just like,when someone passes a comment about you. It is just a word that came from a person's mouth andit vanished. But thinking it is a permanent thing, keeping it in your mind is ignorance. Someone's
comment is a fleeting wave of thought or energy that came and went away. They don't even havethat opinion later on. But you keep that in your mind, 'This is the opinion so and so have about meall the time,' which is not true.
'Me, me, my my' idea gives you misery
What people think about me? What do I want from them? How do I take advantage of them? Do theythink I am good or bad? All these things about 'me, me, I, I' are called
. This is the secondcause of suffering. Not being one with the existence and having a separate identity, 'I am differentfrom everybody.' This
eats you up. That is the cause of your suffering.
The third is
or strong craving for anything, fourth is
means aversion or hatred and fifthis
or fear. These are sources or causes of misery.That consciousness deep down in you is devoid of these five factors. Though outwardly you aremiserable, outside you are craving for something. If you really go to the core of your existence, youare free from it. You may hate somebody on the outside, but in the center of your existence thereis no hatred. There is fear only on the outside. There is ignorance only on the outside, but whenyou come to the core of your existence, there is no fear. There is no ignorance there. There is no'you' there.When these five
are eliminated even from the outer body, then whatever is in the centerbecomes eminent, so obvious. The Lordship in you blossoms. God in you is manifested. So God isthat
, that Being which is devoid of these five
, sufferings or misery. And He is alsodevoid of the four types of