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Kilo-Second variability of Gamma-Ray Loud Binary LS I +61 303

Kilo-Second variability of Gamma-Ray Loud Binary LS I +61 303

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An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Michael Walls. Originally submitted for Physics With Astronomy at Dublin City University, with lecturer Masha Chernyakova in the category of Mathematical & Physical Sciences
An essay for the 2012 Undergraduate Awards Competition by Michael Walls. Originally submitted for Physics With Astronomy at Dublin City University, with lecturer Masha Chernyakova in the category of Mathematical & Physical Sciences

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Published by: Undergraduate Awards on Aug 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/20/2014

 
Kilo-Second variability of Gamma-RayLoud BinaryLS I +61 303
 
Abstract
LS I +61 303 is a member of a group of rare gamma ray emitting galactic objectsknown as gamma ray loud binaries. The method by which these high energy photonsare produced is not certain. In this project the aim was to search for variability in X-ray intensity from LS I +61 303 on the kilo-second time scale (<< orbital period),attempt to explain the variability if found, and to confirm the clumpy wind modelproposed by Neronov et al [1]. A long XMM-Newton observation (50ks) of LS I +61303 was reduced and analysed. The observation was split up into 5ks and 2kssections, and each was separately fitted to a power law model. Analysing thesemultiple observations, variability of flux, photon index and hydrogen column densitywas confirmed, and the clumpy wind model confirmed within the limits of theobservation.
 
List of Figures
Figure 1.1:
Schematic Diagram of XMM-Newton
 
Figure 2.1:
 Image of LS I +61 303 viewed in ds9
Figure 2.2: Filtered
image of LS I +61 303 viewed in ds9
 Figure 3.1:
 Light curve of LS I +61 303, 0.2-15 keV 
Figure 3.2:
 Both light curves of LS I +61 303 in hard and soft energy ranges & Hardness ratio of LS I +61 303
Figure 3.3:
 Data & model fit of the spectrum of LS I +61 303
 Figure 3.4:
5ks time intervals. Flux as a function of time
Figure 3.5:
5ks time intervals. Photon Index as a function of time
 Figure 3.6:
5ks Time intervals. Hydrogen column density as a function of time
 Figure 3.7:
2ks Time intervals. Flux as a function of time
 Figure 3.8:
 Hardness Ratio as a function of intensity
List of Tables
Table 3.1:
 Data from the 5ks intervals
 Table 3.2:
 Data from the 2ks intervals
 
Glossary of symbols
: Lorentz Factor
Γ:
Photon index of power law
: Hydrogen column density
 
: Chi squared “good fit” value
 
: Degrees of freedom
: Photo-electric cross section
:
Peak energy of photons from the Be star
 
: Magnetic constant in vacuum

: Cooling time
: Wind velocity

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