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the Nazi government, the ensuing power vacuum led to most of the German people goinghungry. Many of the industries and cities had been destroyed by advancing armies and bombing campaigns; leaving many homeless and without an income. Germany was indesperate need of rebuilding, but it was not alone in this.Through its efforts in the war Britain emerged economically overstretched byoverseas commitments.
The bombing efforts on U.K. cities by Hitl
er’s Luftwaffe had left
many destroyed or badly damaged and in need of urgent rebuilding. The same was true for France as the German occupation during the war had resulted in damage in its towns and
cities. France’s overseas commitments in North Africa and South
-East Asia had also provedeconomically straining. Europe was in an economically precarious situation however thesame could be argued for the U.S.S.R. despite its superpower status.Although the U.S.S.R. was able to maintain its superpower status and gain controlover its economy in the post war years, it had suffered huge losses during World War II.Huge numbers of casualties would have led to economic consequences as it can be presumedthat males of military age were working within the Soviet industries prior to the war.
Although the Soviet Union did not officially release its statistics, “calculations m
ade on the
basis of population distribution by age and sex in the 1959 U.S.S.R. census … seem to
indicate losses of from 15,000,000 to 20,000,
000 males of military age in World War II.”
This loss was from the estimated 1940
population of 194,100,000.
Such a catastrophic lossof life as this can only be compared with the proportion of population losses suffered at thecities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The Atomic Bomb, Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The aftermaths of the atomic bombs being dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki saw a drastic casualty rate. The Occupying Authority of Hiroshima released figures
Jim Tomlinson, ‘Labour and the International Economy II: Balance of Payments,’
Democratic Socialism and Economic Policy: The Attlee Years 145-1951
, (Cambridge, 1997), pp. 64-65.
Britannica Educational Publishing
‘World War II Casualties,’
World War II: People, Politics and Power
, ed.William L. Hosch, (New York, 2010) p. 248.
Nicolas Spulber ‘The Socioeconomic Framework,’
Russia’s Economic Tran
sitions: From Late Tsarism to theNew Millennium
, (Cambridge, 2003), pp.158-159.