This paper aims to critically evaluate the model of psychotherapy which holds the most appeal tothe author, as a future social care practitioner. The model of psychotherapy which will beevaluated is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Justifications will be given for this choice byreference to lecture notes, academic material and other models of psychotherapy. Strengths andweaknesses of the approach will be noted in comparison to other schools of psychotherapy.
Evaluation of cognitive behavioural therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, more commonly referred to as CBT is a therapy which focuseson the link between negative beliefs and behaviours, and the subsequent development of psychological difficulties (Ladley, Marx & Heimberg, 2010). CBT aims to change the thoughtsof the clients to help them overcome problems such as addiction, anger, anxiety, chronic pain,depression, personality disorders, relationship problems and many more (Branch & Wilson,2010).CBT shows clients how to challenge negative thoughts and beliefs in order to improve theirgeneral outlook on their personal and professional life (Joseph, 2011). The fundamental belief of
cognitive therapy is that the people‟s actual experiences are less significant than the way they
feel about them (Joseph, 2011). This implies that if the beliefs of the person are altered in apositive manner, the behaviour will subsequently be altered in such a manner.The behavioural approach to psychotherapy has generated much research and reasoning for thedevelopment of abnormalities as well as treatment methods for such disorders (Kendall &Hammen,
1998). This approach is particularly sensitive to the client‟s social and cultural background due to its focus on the person‟s environment (Kendall & Hammen, 1998). As s
tatedby Branch & Wilson (2010), the success of the use of CBT for many psychological problems hasbeen researched more widely than any other psychotherapeutic form of therapy. Many studieshave shown that CBT is more successful for the treatment of anxiety and depression, thanmedicine alone (Branch & Wilson, 2010). The above findings lend reasoning to
choice of exploring CBT as a school of psychotherapy.